Posted on 23/09/2017
हिंदू धार्मिक समारोहों में व्यापक रूप से इस्तेमाल किए जाने वाले पाउडर सिंदूर में बच्चों के कम आईक्यू और विकास में देरी से जुड़ी सीसा का असुरक्षित स्तर हो सकता है, भारत और अमेरिका के नमूनों का एक अध्ययन मिला है। यूएस में रटगेर्स यूनिवर्सिटी के शोधकर्ताओं ने बताया कि अमेरिका से एकत्रित किए गए नमूने का 83 प्रतिशत और भारत से एकत्रित 78 प्रतिशत कॉस्मेटिक पाउडर के प्रति ग्राम कम से कम 1.0 माइक्रोग्राम का था।
इस बीच, न्यू जर्सी में एकत्र किए गए नमूने में से 1 9 प्रतिशत और भारत से एकत्र किए गए नमूने के 43% नमूने अमेरिकी खाद्य एवं औषधि प्रशासन (एफडीए) द्वारा लगाए गए कॉस्मेटिक पाउडर सीमा के ग्राम प्रति ग्राम के 20 माइक्रोग्राम से अधिक हैं। "लीड का कोई सुरक्षित स्तर नहीं है यही कारण है कि हम मानते हैं कि सींदूर पाउडर को बेचा या अमेरिका में नहीं लाया जाना चाहिए, जब तक कि यह सीसा रहित नहीं होता है। "रुडर्स के एसोसिएट प्रोफेसर डेरेक शेडेल ने कहा। शोधकर्ताओं ने सिंदूर के 118 नमूनों का परीक्षण किया, एक लाल रंग का पाउडर जो महिलाओं द्वारा बंडी या लाल डॉट लगाने के लिए प्रयोग किया जाता है, कॉस्मेटिक रूप से उनके माथे पर। विवाहित महिलाओं ने भी इसे अपने बाल विखंडन में डाल दिया और इसका इस्तेमाल पुरुषों और बच्चों द्वारा धार्मिक उद्देश्यों के लिए किया जाता है। नतीजे के एक तिहाई अंश के बारे में संकेत मिलता है, जिसमें न्यू जर्सी में दक्षिण एशियाई स्टोरों में से 95 और भारत में मुंबई और नई दिल्ली में 23 स्टोर शामिल हैं, जिसमें यूएस एफडीए द्वारा निर्धारित सीमा से ऊपर का नेतृत्व स्तर शामिल है। हालांकि, भारत और नाइजीरिया में इस्तेमाल किए गए काजल और शिकारी जैसे अन्य सौंदर्य प्रसाधनों को एफडीए द्वारा प्रतिबंधित लीड सामग्री के कारण प्रतिबंधित किया गया है, हालांकि एफडीए ने इंदौर के स्वास्थ्य विभाग की जांच के बाद सिंडुर के बारे में एक सामान्य चेतावनी जारी की, एक ब्रांड में एक उच्च लीड सामग्री लिपस्टिक में लीड?
लगातार दो एफडीए जांचों में लिपस्टिक की 100 प्रतिशत की जांच हुई। और मिली लीड की मात्रा छोटी नहीं है। पहले एफडीए परीक्षण ने 3.06 पीपीएम (भागों प्रति मिलियन) तक सीसा स्तर का पता चला और कॉस्मेटिक विज्ञान के मई / जून 2012 के अंक में प्रकाशन के लिए दूसरा एफडीए परीक्षण - 7.1 9 पीपीएम तक का मुख्य स्तर पाया।
Sindoor, a powder widely used in Hindu religious ceremonies, may contain unsafe levels of lead which is associated with lower IQ and growth delays in children, a study of samples from India and the US has found. Researchers from Rutgers University in the US reported that 83 per cent of the samples collected from the US and 78 per cent collected from India had at least 1.0 microgramme of lead per gram of cosmetic powder.
Meanwhile, 19 per cent of the samples collected in New Jersey and 43 per cent of the samples collected from India exceeded the 20 microgramme of lead per gram of cosmetic powder limit imposed by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA).
“There is no safe level of lead. That’s why we believe sindoor powder shouldn’t be sold or brought into the US unless it is lead-free,” said Derek Shendell, associate professor at Rudgers. Researchers tested 118 samples of sindoor, a scarlet-coloured powder that is used by women to place a bindi, or red dot, cosmetically on their foreheads. Married women also put it in their hair parting and it is used by men and children for religious purposes.
The results indicated about one-third of the samples, which include 95 from South Asian stores in New Jersey and 23 from stores in Mumbai and New Delhi in India, contained lead levels above the limit set by the US FDA. Although other cosmetics such as kajal and tiro, eye products used in India and Nigeria, have been banned by the FDA because of elevated lead content, the FDA only issued a general warning about sindoor after testing by the Illinois Department of Health a decade ago discovered a high lead content in one brand.
Researchers said at a minimum there is a need to monitor sindoor lead levels and make the public aware of the potential hazards. “We screen kids who live in houses built prior to 1978 with lead-based paint,” said William Halperin, a professor at Rutgers. “We should be screening children from the South Asian community to make sure they do not have elevated levels of lead in their blood before we discover more dead brain cells,” Halperin said.
The researchers are concerned about the amount of sindoor potentially entering the country on a weekly basis through the four international airports in the New York and New Jersey metropolitan area, including Philadelphia. Halperin said he took a trip to India, brought back sindoor and was not stopped by US Customs and told that the product might be hazardous.
Researchers said that the government should look at this as a public health issue and not rely on consumers to make the right choices. It is difficult to determine exactly which products contain lead based on the variety of sindoor available and because the number of products which contained lead in this study is high. The study was published in the Journal of Public Health.
Chemicals, heavy metals, bacteria, and other hazardous ingredients are turning up in makeup, skin creams, and hair styling products. Here, the latest and most dangerous beauty alerts, and how to protect yourself without compromising your beauty routine.
Mercury in Skin Creams?
That was the headline-grabber last week, when an FDA investigation found imported skin creams may contain toxic levels of mercury and other heavy metals. The risk is serious; people are actually getting sick from mercury contamination from these products.
The list of dangerous skin creams is fairly long, but — so far at least — contains only products you’d purchase from an import store or Latino, Asian or Middle Eastern market, and no American-made brands or products. The creams are intended primarily for “skin lightening” and anti-aging and include Stillman’s skin bleach cream, Diana skin lightening formula, and numerous products with labels in Chinese, Hindi, and other languages.
Lead in Lipstick?
Once considered an “urban legend,” the rumor that some lipsticks contain lead turned out to be deadly true when the FDA tested hundreds of lipsticks following an alert issued by the Campaign for Safe Cosmetics. Two consecutive FDA investigations found lead in 100 percent of the lipsticks tested. And the amounts of lead found aren’t small. The first FDA test revealed lead levels up to 3.06 ppm (parts per million), and the second FDA test — scheduled for publication in the May/June 2012 issue of Cosmetic Science — found lead levels up to 7.19 ppm.
The brands that tested positive for lead levels included well-respected national brands including L’Oreal, Revlon, Avon, and Cover Girl. And high-end brands like Dior and M.A.C. weren’t exempt either. Five of the ten most contaminated lipsticks were manufactured by L’Oreal USA. Perhaps most disturbing, in some ways, is that even the “natural” brand Burt’s Bees had one lip shimmer that tested in the middle range for lead. (Stay away from Toffee if, like me, you love these products.)
I’d like to hear from the chemists at L’Oreal formulating these products as to what purpose the lead serves, and which shades of lipstick are most likely to contain lead. If the lead is getting into the products accidently, for example via dyes, I’d like to know why they can’t make ingredient changes to banish the lead.
Consider that there is no safe level for lead (in other words there needs to be zero lead in order for a product to be considered safe) and you can see we’ve got a serious problem here. Then consider that the FDA issued a consumer Q&A concluding that the lipsticks posed no danger if used correctly and you can see we’ve got another more serious problem here. In other words, gals, don’t lick your lips, eat anything while wearing lipstick, or kiss anyone and everything’s fine.
Bacteria in Mascara?
Yes, this can happen too, but it’s the result of keeping mascara too long. The microbes don’t arrive in the mascara itself. According to a study in Optometry, bacteria that are naturally present in the eyes can be transferred into mascara via the wand. When the researchers tested mascaras, microbes were present in 33 percent of the products tested.
And these weren’t innocent little beasties; in most cases the bacteria were found to be staphylococcus or Streptococcus. Fungi were also found. Mascara contains preservatives that prevent bacteria from breeding. Typically, mascara is considered to be safe for three months, the amount of time the preservatives are designed to last. However, the Optometry study tested mascara samples that were less than three months old.
Lead in lipstick? Millions of women put on lipstick every day without ever considering whether dangerous chemicals lurk inside the tube.
Research by the Campaign for Safe Cosmetics and the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has found lead and other toxic metals in a surprising number of lipsticks.
A Poison Kiss and Other Research
Lead in lipstick was presumed an urban legend until 2007, when the Campaign for Safe Cosmetics released the report A Poison Kiss, with the results from an independent laboratory that tested 33 popular brands of lipsticks for lead content.
- 61 percent of lipsticks contained lead, with levels ranging up to 0.65 parts per million.
- Lead-contaminated brands included L’Oreal, Cover Girl and even a $24 tube of Dior Addict.
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration promised it would conduct an investigation, but dragged its feet. It took nearly two years, pressure from consumers and a letter from three U.S. Senators, but in 2009 the FDA released a follow-up study that found lead in all samples of lipstick tested, at levels ranging from 0.09 to 3.06 ppm – levels four times higher than those found in the Campaign study. The FDA found the highest lead levels in lipsticks made by three manufacturers: Procter & Gamble (Cover Girl brand), L’Oreal (L’Oreal, Body Shop and Maybelline brands) and Revlon.
So far, the FDA has failed to take action to protect consumers.
An expanded FDA study in 2010 found lead in 400 lipsticks at levels up to 7.19 ppm. Five of the 10 most lead-contaminated brands in the FDA study are made by L’Oreal USA. See the brands FDA tested here.
No Safe Dose
The recent science indicates there is no safe level of lead exposure. Lead is a neurotoxin and can be dangerous at small doses. Medical experts are clear that any level of lead exposure is unhealthy.
- Neurotoxicity: It has been linked to learning, language and behavioral problems.
- Reduced fertility in both men and women
- Hormonal changes and menstrual irregularities
- Delayed onset of puberty in girls and development of testes in boys.
Other Toxic Ingredients in Lipstick
Lead is not the only concern in lipsticks. A study by University of California researchers found nine toxic heavy metals, including chromium, cadmium, aluminum, manganese, and lead in testing of 24 lip glosses and eight lipsticks.
Cumulative and long-term exposure
The cosmetics industry has ignored the findings of toxic metals in lipsticks, arguing that it’s not a source of concern because the dose is so low per application. That is essentially the argument made by the FDA as well.
But, what both the industry and FDA are ignoring is the issue of cumulative exposure; that is, exposure to a little bit of a toxic chemical over a long period of time can add up to harm. A chemical like lead builds up in the body over time so low exposures repeated daily can add up to a significant exposure.
For example, in the University of California study, researchers found women applied lipstick from two to 14 times every day. In terms of chemical exposure, that translates into ingesting or absorbing as much as 87 milligrams of product a day.
Now consider that exposure over the course of a lifetime of applying lipstick; that’s a significant level of lead to ingest, particularly given the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommendation that people avoid all sources of lead exposure, including lead-containing cosmetics.