by Rohit

2018_2image_17_53_149508300lalit-nirav-modi-mallya-ll

माल्या, ललित मोदी या नीरव मोदी जैसे को संरक्षण प्रदान कर रही है भाजपा सरकार

13/09/2018 in Corruption

माल्या जिस तरह से देश छोड़ कर गया उससे भाजपा सरकार इतने विवादों में नहीं फसी जितनी विजय माल्या ने लंदन में प्रेस कॉन्फ्रेंस में कहा की वो फाइनेंस मिनिस्टर अरुण जेटली से मिलने के बाद देश छोड़ा है |
शुष्मा स्वराज के विदेश मत्री बनने के बाद जिन लोगो ने देश में भारत की जनता के पैसे का गबन किया है वो आराम से देश छोड़कर जा रहे है | जो विदेश मंत्रालय ट्विटर की एक पोस्ट से एक्टिव है वो माल्या जैसे लोगो को रोकने में क्यों न कामयाब है समझ नहीं आता |
ललित मोदी से राजस्थान की मुख्य मत्री वसुंधरा राजे और विदेश मंत्री शुष्मा स्वराज का का कोई रिश्ता है?
क्या माल्या, ललित मोदी या नीरव मोदी लंदन में भाजपा का गेस्ट हाउस मैंटेन कर रहे है ?
क्या माल्या, ललित मोदी या नीरव मोदी जैसे को संरक्षण प्रदान कर रही है भाजपा सरकार ??

by Rohit

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गहलोत -वसुंधरा की सियासत का मोहरा न बने राजस्थान की जनता

08/09/2018 in Administration

राजस्थान में भाजपा कांग्रेस का बारी बारी से विधान सभा में आना एक आम बात है | कभी भाजपा अपनी गौरव यात्रा निकलती है या कभी कांग्रेस अपनी संकल्प यात्रा | राजस्थान की जनता ने दोनों को बारी बारी से चुन कर भी देख लिए | बड़े बड़े राजनेताओ के सियासी खेल में जनता अपने राजस्थान को भूल गयी | ये भी याद नहीं रहा की कब उनके बच्चो को रोजी रोटी के लिए राजस्थान से बहार जाना पड़ा | ये भी भूल गयी की केवल सरकारी परीक्षाओ के फॉर्म भरते-भरते उनके बच्चे अब बच्चे नहीं रहे बल्कि खुद के बच्चो के अभिवावक हो गए | खेतो की ज़मीन कब सरकारों द्वारा बंजर हो गयी किसी को पता नहीं चला | कोई जाट कोई राजपूत कोई अगड़ा कोई पिछड़ा बन कर राजस्थान को बीमारू प्रदेश बनाने में लग गया | आज आलम ये है की हर आदमी राजनेताओ की व्यक्ति गत अभिलाषाओं को पूरा करने के लिए दौड़ता नज़र आ रहा है | यही आलम रहा तो खुद अपनों को देखने को तरस जायेगा राजस्थान |
थोड़ा रुको और सोचो क्या राजनेताओ को जिताने पर राजस्थान का कुछ विकास हुआ | अगर जवाब नहीं है तो आगे पढ़िए | क्या कांग्रेस की तरह राजस्थान में इंजीनियरिंग या बीएड कॉलेज खोलने से ही विकास होगा | क्या आंध्र की तरह यहां की सरकार की ये जिम्मेदारी नहीं की सॉफ्टवेयर हार्डवेयर की कंपनी भी खोले |
क्या भाजपा की तरह रिसर्जेंट राजस्थान कहने से राजस्थान में निवेश आएगा | एक दूसरे पर सिर्फ आरोप लग रहे है और बेचारा राजस्थानी अपनी भाषा , संस्कृति और परिवार की लिए संघर्ष कर रहा है
हमे अपने आप से पूछना होगा की कब तक हम लोग मोहरे बनते रहेंगे और हमारे घर के चिराग किसी ओर राज्य को रोशन करेंगे |

by Rohit

674550-vasundhara-gajendra

Gajendra Singh Shekhawat as the face of Chief Minister of Rajasthan in the upcoming 2018 election ?

12/08/2018 in Administration

BJP would have replaced Mrs. Vasundhara Raje long time back were it sure that it would not have a rebellion at its hand. That is why it will not declare Mr. Gajendra Singh Shakhawat as its Chief-ministerial candidate. With Mrs Vasundhara Raje as its CM candidate under whose leadership elections shall be contested, the BJP may lose and then replace Mrs Raje with another leader of promise and contest the next elections under that leader.

by Rohit

amit-shahnarendra-modi-does-not-even-face-vasundhara-raje-scindi_143844

Will the Amit Shah and Narendra Modi team able to retain BJP in Rajasthan in Vidhan sabha Election of 2018?

12/08/2018 in Administration

There are many slogan going in bharatpur, Dosa, byana, alwar, ajmer region like “ Modi tujse bair nhi Pr Vasundhara tere khair nhi” or like Vasundhara tere raaj mein Modi maara jaega”.

People have no anger against modi nor against bjp but has so much against Vasundhara. People in Rajasthan knows very much about brittle relationship between Vasundhara and Modi. Amit shah has to take bold decision if they want to retain power. Rajasthan has the habit of changing Goverment every 5 years as people are fed up of both Congress amd BJP rule. No one delivered their promises. But still if bjp changes CM Face they may vote bjp due to Modi being at centre. There is a high popularity of Modi due to centre’s work in rajasthan.

Analysis for 2018 elections is that, there are high chances of BJP coming in to rule again but Vasundhara Raje will not be appointed as the CM. Right now if we see the influence of BJP countrywide then it can be concluded that BJP will follow supremacy in Rajasthan in 2018 but its only possible if BJP changes its candidate. If BJP doesn’t do so (which I see would not happen, BJP will remove the candidature of Raje), then people of Rajasthan have no choice other than INC. The current scenario reveals that the people of Rajasthan don’t want to see Ashok as well as Vasundhara as the next CM.

by Rohit

क्‍या सरकार जैतारण, रायपुर, ब्‍यावर, टाटगढ़, मसूदा, भीम, विजयनगर तथा बदनोर तहसीलों को मिलाकर ब्‍यावर को जिला बनाने का विचार रखती है ?

03/08/2018 in Vidhan Sabha

माननीय मुख्यमंत्री महोदया द्वारा वर्ष 2014-15 में की गई बजट घोषणा अनुसार राज्य में विभि‍न्न प्रशासनिक इकाईयों को सहसीमान्त क्षेत्राधि‍कार कर प्रशासनिक आवश्यकता के अनुसार पुनर्गठन / सृजन किये जाने हेतु उच्च स्तरीय समिति का गठन किया गया था, जिसका अभिलेख अभी प्राप्‍त नहीं हुआ है। अभिलेख / रिपोर्ट प्राप्त होने पर प्रशासनिक आवश्‍यकता एवं वित्‍तीय संसाधनों की उपलब्‍धता के आधार पर यथोचित निर्णय लिया जा सकेगा। 

by Rohit

rajasthani

Rajasthani needs language movement like Bangladesh

16/11/2017 in Rajasthani Language

International Mother Language Day (IMLD) is a worldwide annual observance held on 21 February to promote awareness of linguistic and cultural diversity and multilingualism. The resolution was suggested by Rafiqul Islam, a Bengali living in Vancouver, Canada. He wrote a letter to Mr. Kofi Anan on 9 January 1998 asking him to take a step for saving all the languages of the world from the possibility of extinction and to declare an International Mother Language Day. Rafiq proposed the date as 21 February on the pretext of 1952 killing in Dhaka on the occasion of Language Movement.

The Language Movement  was a political movement in former East Bengal (today Bangladesh) advocating the recognition of the Bengali language as an official language of the then-Dominion of Pakistan in order to allow its use in government affairs, the continuation of its use as a medium of education, its use in media, currency and stamps, and to maintain its writing in the Bengali script.

The students of the University of Dhaka and other political activists defied the law and organised a protest on 21 February 1952. The movement reached its climax when police killed student demonstrators on that day. The deaths provoked widespread civil unrest. After years of conflict, the central government relented and granted official status to the Bengali language in 1956.

Languages are the most powerful instruments of preserving and developing our tangible and intangible heritage. All moves to promote the dissemination of mother tongues will serve not only to encourage linguistic diversity and multilingual education but also to develop fuller awareness of linguistic and cultural traditions throughout the world and to inspire solidarity based on understanding, tolerance and dialogue,from the United Nations International Mother Language Day

On August 25, 2003, a resolution was unanimously passed by the Rajasthan assembly and sent to the central government to include Rajasthani in the eighth schedule of the constitution. But almost 14 years have passed since then and the issue is still pending. Rajasthan people already gave 25 members of parliament to Modi Government. Currently, same party working as the state government and central government. Then , where is a delay of recognition of “Mayand Bhasha “.  Regarding own script of Rajasthani language, out of 22 constitutional languages eight language which do not have same script like Marathi, Konkani (it is written in some other scripts as well), Nepali, Kashmiri, Dogri, Maithili, Hindi and Sanskrit using the same script i.e Devnagari  used by Rajasthani language.

Now, as a domicile of Rajasthan  we need to take accountability for our  mother tongue and  before next republic day we need to take approval for Rajasthani Language .Then only on 21 February we can able to celebrate International Mother Language Day.

by Rohit

deepika-padukone-padmavati-first-still-ghoomar-from_6e0ddc9e-b934-11e7-8fe3-8a4365deb777

Ghoomar dance is most challenging for Deepika Padukone in movie Padmavati

25/10/2017 in Art & Craft

Ghoomar is the Rajasthan Traditional dance performed by queens,princess , girls and woman in Rajasthan mostly in marriage ceremony.In this dancer  needs to make the coordination between the hands and foot with other dancer while  moving and twirling into the circle. Ghoomar  is also performed by new bride when they are welcomed into their new house.

“Deepika spent hours training under the guidance of Jyothi D Tommaar, assistant director and trustee of Gangaur Ghoomar Dance Academy. The performance has been choreographed by Kruti Mahesh Midya.”

“The shooting of the film began with this song, and I’ll never forget that day. I remember approaching my mark for the first shot. It was almost as if Padmavati’s soul had entered my body. I could feel her presence; and, in fact, I still do. It’s one of those rare moments in an actor’s life where it’s going to take a very long time before it actually leaves the system,” Deepika added.

Ghoomar is a traditional folk dance of RajasthanIndia. The dance is chiefly performed by veiled women who wear flowing dresses called ghaghara.It was ranked 4th in the list of “Top 10 local dances around the world” in 2013. The dance typically involves performers pirouetting while moving in and out of a wide circle. The word ghoomna describes the twirling movement of the dancers and is the basis of the word ghoomar.This dance form is mainly prevalent among Rajput community and is chiefly performed by Rajput women during auspicious and joyous occassions in Rajasthan. Ghoomar is often performed on special occasions, such as at weddings and during weddingsfestivals and religious occasions  which sometimes lasts for hours.

 

 

by Rohit

black law

कैसे भ्रष्टाचारियो को (काला कानून ) बचाया जाये वसुंधरा सरकार ला रही है संशोधन :तुगलकी महारानी

24/10/2017 in Administration

आई पी सी धारा २२८ में २२८ बी जोड़कर प्रावधान किया गया है की सीआरपीसी की धारा १५६(3) और धारा १९० (१) सी  के विपरीत कार्य करने पर दो साल कारावास और जुर्माना की सजा दी जा सकती है | न्ययाधीश, मजिस्ट्रेट  और लोक सेवक के खिलाफ अभियोजना स्वीकर्ति मिलनेह से पहले उनका नाम पता और अन्य जानकारी उजागर नहीं होगी |  लोक सेवको को इसमें नए सिरे से जोड़ा जा रहा है ताकि भ्रष्ट अधिकारी बच सके  |

इस धारा को विधान सभा में सरकार पास करके जनता के साथ धोका कर रही है  अगर जनता को पीड़ा होगी तो वो सोशल मीडिया पर भी इससे उजागर नहीं कर सकेगा | अगर ऐसा करती है दो साल की सजा होगी | वह रे सरकार एक तरफ मोदी जी कहते है न खाऊंगा न खाने दूंगा दूसरी ओर वसुंधरा जी कहती है की खाने वाले का नाम नहीं बताने दूंगी |

अब सरकार अगर किसी लोक सेवक से नाराज होगी तो उसका नाम लेकर उससे फसा देगी  ओर जिससे बचाना होगा बचा लेगी | समांतीयवाद की ओर बढ़ते हुए सरकार के कदम लोकतंत्र को  कुचलते जा रहे है  |

by Rohit

woman-putting-sindoor

सिंदूर में लेड बताने से पहले लिपस्टिक पर भी चर्चा होनी चाहिए :USA FDA Report (Sindoor may contain unsafe lead levels, indicates US study)

23/09/2017 in Healthcare

हिंदू धार्मिक समारोहों में व्यापक रूप से इस्तेमाल किए जाने वाले पाउडर सिंदूर में बच्चों के कम आईक्यू और 
विकास में देरी से जुड़ी सीसा का असुरक्षित स्तर हो सकता है, 
भारत और अमेरिका के नमूनों का एक अध्ययन मिला है। 
यूएस में रटगेर्स यूनिवर्सिटी के शोधकर्ताओं ने बताया कि अमेरिका से एकत्रित किए गए नमूने का 83 प्रतिशत और 
भारत से एकत्रित 78 प्रतिशत कॉस्मेटिक पाउडर के प्रति ग्राम कम से कम 1.0 माइक्रोग्राम का था।

इस बीच, न्यू जर्सी में एकत्र किए गए नमूने में से 1 9 प्रतिशत और भारत से एकत्र किए गए नमूने के 43% नमूने 
अमेरिकी खाद्य एवं औषधि प्रशासन (एफडीए) द्वारा लगाए गए कॉस्मेटिक पाउडर सीमा के ग्राम प्रति ग्राम के 20 माइक्रोग्राम से 
अधिक हैं।

"लीड का कोई सुरक्षित स्तर नहीं है यही कारण है कि हम मानते हैं कि सींदूर पाउडर को बेचा या अमेरिका में 
नहीं लाया जाना चाहिए, जब तक कि यह सीसा रहित नहीं होता है। "रुडर्स के एसोसिएट प्रोफेसर डेरेक शेडेल ने कहा। 
शोधकर्ताओं ने सिंदूर के 118 नमूनों का परीक्षण किया, एक लाल रंग का पाउडर जो महिलाओं द्वारा बंडी या लाल डॉट 
लगाने के लिए प्रयोग किया जाता है, कॉस्मेटिक रूप से उनके माथे पर। विवाहित महिलाओं ने भी इसे अपने बाल विखंडन 
में डाल दिया और इसका इस्तेमाल पुरुषों और बच्चों द्वारा धार्मिक उद्देश्यों के लिए किया जाता है।

नतीजे के एक तिहाई अंश के बारे में संकेत मिलता है, जिसमें न्यू जर्सी में दक्षिण एशियाई स्टोरों में से 95 और 
भारत में मुंबई और नई दिल्ली में 23 स्टोर शामिल हैं, जिसमें यूएस एफडीए द्वारा निर्धारित सीमा से ऊपर का नेतृत्व स्तर शामिल है।
 हालांकि, भारत और नाइजीरिया में इस्तेमाल किए गए काजल और शिकारी जैसे अन्य सौंदर्य प्रसाधनों को एफडीए द्वारा प्रतिबंधित 
लीड सामग्री के कारण प्रतिबंधित किया गया है, हालांकि एफडीए ने इंदौर के स्वास्थ्य विभाग की जांच के बाद सिंडुर के 
बारे में एक सामान्य चेतावनी जारी की, एक ब्रांड में एक उच्च लीड सामग्री


लिपस्टिक में लीड?
लगातार दो एफडीए जांचों में लिपस्टिक की 100 प्रतिशत की जांच हुई। 
और मिली लीड की मात्रा छोटी नहीं है। पहले एफडीए परीक्षण ने 3.06 पीपीएम (भागों प्रति मिलियन) तक 
सीसा स्तर का पता चला और कॉस्मेटिक विज्ञान के मई / जून 2012 के अंक में प्रकाशन के लिए दूसरा एफडीए परीक्षण -
 7.1 9 पीपीएम तक का मुख्य स्तर पाया।
 

http://indianexpress.com/article/india/sindoor-may-contain-unsafe-lead-levels-indicates-us-study-4852715/

Sindoor, a powder widely used in Hindu religious ceremonies, may contain unsafe levels of lead which is associated with lower IQ and growth delays in children, a study of samples from India and the US has found. Researchers from Rutgers University in the US reported that 83 per cent of the samples collected from the US and 78 per cent collected from India had at least 1.0 microgramme of lead per gram of cosmetic powder.

Meanwhile, 19 per cent of the samples collected in New Jersey and 43 per cent of the samples collected from India exceeded the 20 microgramme of lead per gram of cosmetic powder limit imposed by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA).

“There is no safe level of lead. That’s why we believe sindoor powder shouldn’t be sold or brought into the US unless it is lead-free,” said Derek Shendell, associate professor at Rudgers. Researchers tested 118 samples of sindoor, a scarlet-coloured powder that is used by women to place a bindi, or red dot, cosmetically on their foreheads. Married women also put it in their hair parting and it is used by men and children for religious purposes.

The results indicated about one-third of the samples, which include 95 from South Asian stores in New Jersey and 23 from stores in Mumbai and New Delhi in India, contained lead levels above the limit set by the US FDA. Although other cosmetics such as kajal and tiro, eye products used in India and Nigeria, have been banned by the FDA because of elevated lead content, the FDA only issued a general warning about sindoor after testing by the Illinois Department of Health a decade ago discovered a high lead content in one brand.

Researchers said at a minimum there is a need to monitor sindoor lead levels and make the public aware of the potential hazards. “We screen kids who live in houses built prior to 1978 with lead-based paint,” said William Halperin, a professor at Rutgers. “We should be screening children from the South Asian community to make sure they do not have elevated levels of lead in their blood before we discover more dead brain cells,” Halperin said.

The researchers are concerned about the amount of sindoor potentially entering the country on a weekly basis through the four international airports in the New York and New Jersey metropolitan area, including Philadelphia. Halperin said he took a trip to India, brought back sindoor and was not stopped by US Customs and told that the product might be hazardous.

Researchers said that the government should look at this as a public health issue and not rely on consumers to make the right choices. It is difficult to determine exactly which products contain lead based on the variety of sindoor available and because the number of products which contained lead in this study is high. The study was published in the Journal of Public Health.

Chemicals, heavy metals, bacteria, and other hazardous ingredients are turning up in makeup, skin creams, and hair styling products. Here, the latest and most dangerous beauty alerts, and how to protect yourself without compromising your beauty routine.

Mercury in Skin Creams?

That was the headline-grabber last week, when an FDA investigation found imported skin creams may contain toxic levels of mercury and other heavy metals. The risk is serious; people are actually getting sick from mercury contamination from these products.

The list of dangerous skin creams is fairly long, but — so far at least — contains only products you’d purchase from an import store or Latino, Asian or Middle Eastern market, and no American-made brands or products. The creams are intended primarily for “skin lightening” and anti-aging and include Stillman’s skin bleach cream, Diana skin lightening formula, and numerous products with labels in Chinese, Hindi, and other languages.

Lead in Lipstick?

Once considered an “urban legend,” the rumor that some lipsticks contain lead turned out to be deadly true when the FDA tested hundreds of lipsticks following an alert issued by the Campaign for Safe Cosmetics. Two consecutive FDA investigations found lead in 100 percent of the lipsticks tested. And the amounts of lead found aren’t small. The first FDA test revealed lead levels up to 3.06 ppm (parts per million), and the second FDA test — scheduled for publication in the May/June 2012 issue of Cosmetic Science — found lead levels up to 7.19 ppm.

The brands that tested positive for lead levels  included well-respected national brands including L’Oreal, Revlon, Avon, and Cover Girl. And high-end brands like Dior and M.A.C. weren’t exempt either. Five of the ten most contaminated lipsticks were manufactured by L’Oreal USA. Perhaps most disturbing, in some ways, is that even the “natural” brand Burt’s Bees had one lip shimmer that tested in the middle range for lead. (Stay away from Toffee if, like me, you love these products.)

I’d like to hear from the chemists at L’Oreal formulating these products as to what purpose the lead serves, and which shades of lipstick are most likely to contain lead. If the lead is getting into the products accidently, for example via dyes, I’d like to know why they can’t make ingredient changes to banish the lead.

Consider that there is no safe level for lead (in other words there needs to be zero lead in order for a product to be considered safe) and you can see we’ve got a serious problem here. Then consider that the FDA issued a consumer Q&A concluding that the lipsticks posed no danger if used correctly and you can see we’ve got another more serious problem here. In other words, gals, don’t lick your lips, eat anything while wearing lipstick, or kiss anyone and everything’s fine.

Bacteria in Mascara?

Yes, this can happen too, but it’s the result of keeping mascara too long. The microbes don’t arrive in the mascara itself. According to a study in Optometry, bacteria that are naturally present in the eyes can be transferred into mascara via the wand. When the researchers tested mascaras, microbes were present in 33 percent of the products tested.

And these weren’t innocent little beasties; in most cases the bacteria were found to be staphylococcus or Streptococcus. Fungi were also found. Mascara contains preservatives that prevent bacteria from breeding. Typically, mascara is considered to be safe for three months, the amount of time the preservatives are designed to last. However, the Optometry study tested mascara samples that were less than three months old.

Lead in lipstick? Millions of women put on lipstick every day without ever considering whether dangerous chemicals lurk inside the tube.

Research by the Campaign for Safe Cosmetics and the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has found lead and other toxic metals in a surprising number of lipsticks.

A Poison Kiss and Other Research

Lead in lipstick was presumed an urban legend until 2007, when the Campaign for Safe Cosmetics released the report A Poison Kiss, with the results from an independent laboratory that tested 33 popular brands of lipsticks for lead content.

Our findings:

  • 61 percent of lipsticks contained lead, with levels ranging up to 0.65 parts per million.
  • Lead-contaminated brands included L’Oreal, Cover Girl and even a $24 tube of Dior Addict.

FDA’s Reaction

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration promised it would conduct an investigation, but dragged its feet. It took nearly two years, pressure from consumers and a letter from three U.S. Senators, but in 2009 the FDA released a follow-up study that found lead in all samples of lipstick tested, at levels ranging from 0.09 to 3.06 ppm – levels four times higher than those found in the Campaign study. The FDA found the highest lead levels in lipsticks made by three manufacturers: Procter & Gamble (Cover Girl brand), L’Oreal (L’Oreal, Body Shop and Maybelline brands) and Revlon.

So far, the FDA has failed to take action to protect consumers.

An expanded FDA study in 2010 found lead in 400 lipsticks at levels up to 7.19 ppm. Five of the 10 most lead-contaminated brands in the FDA study are made by L’Oreal USA. See the brands FDA tested here.

Download Full Report > 

No Safe Dose

The recent science indicates there is no safe level of lead exposure. Lead is a neurotoxin and can be dangerous at small doses. Medical experts are clear that any level of lead exposure is unhealthy.

Health Concerns

Exposure to lead has been linked to a host of health concerns:

  • Neurotoxicity: It has been linked to learning, language and behavioral problems.
  • Reduced fertility in both men and women
  • Hormonal changes and menstrual irregularities
  • Delayed onset of puberty in girls and development of testes in boys.

Other Toxic Ingredients in Lipstick

Lead is not the only concern in lipsticks. A study by University of California researchers found nine toxic heavy metals, including chromium, cadmium, aluminum, manganese, and lead in testing of 24 lip glosses and eight lipsticks.

Cumulative and long-term exposure

The cosmetics industry has ignored the findings of toxic metals in lipsticks, arguing that it’s not a source of concern because the dose is so low per application. That is essentially the argument made by the FDA as well.

But, what both the industry and FDA are ignoring is the issue of cumulative exposure; that is, exposure to a little bit of a toxic chemical over a long period of time can add up to harm. A chemical like lead builds up in the body over time so low exposures repeated daily can add up to a significant exposure.

For example, in the University of California study, researchers found women applied lipstick from two to 14 times every day. In terms of chemical exposure, that translates into ingesting or absorbing as much as 87 milligrams of product a day.

Now consider that exposure over the course of a lifetime of applying lipstick; that’s a significant level of lead to ingest, particularly given the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommendation that people avoid all sources of lead exposure, including lead-containing cosmetics.

by Rohit

An Indian farmer looks skyward as he sits in his field with wheat crop that was damaged in unseasonal rains and hailstorm at Darbeeji village, in the western Indian state of Rajasthan, Friday, March 20, 2015. Recent rainfall over large parts of northwest and central India has caused widespread damage to standing crops. (AP Photo/Deepak Sharma)

एक ओर राजस्थान से अफ्रीका सीख रहा है किसानो की दुगनी आय , दूसरी ओर सीकर में किसानो के पास क़र्ज़ चुकाने का पैसा नहीं

08/09/2017 in Agriculture

जहा काजरी किसानो के लिए उत्पादन दो गुनी करने की बात कर रहा है वही सीकर मैं किसानो की वार्ता विफल रही

क़र्ज़ माफ़ी को लेकर अखिल भारतीय किसान सभा के आह्वान से सीकर बंद रहा | जिसके कारन थोड़ा बहुत सरकार भी हलचल मैं आयी | उसका पारिणाम ये रहा की संभागीय आयुक्त राजेस्वर सिंह और आई जी हेमंत प्रियदर्शन सीकर पहुंचे | क़र्ज़ माफ़ी की मांग इसलिए करी जा रही है क्योकि किसान को अपनी फसल का पूरा पैसा नहीं मिल पता है जिसके कारण वो क़र्ज़ भी अदा नहीं कर पता |

वही दूसरी और जोधपुर मैं काजरी के अंदर UNO की संसथान इक्रीसेट से आये डॉ पीटर करिबेरी
का कहना है की इस रिसर्च से भारत को ही नहीं अफ्रीका को भी फायदा होगा और इसमें करीब 8 राज्यों में से बिहार , उत्तेर प्रदेश और राजस्थान से 25 कर्षि से जुड़े लोगो ने भाग लिए | ऐसे कार्यकर्मो में अखिल भारतीय किसान सभा के लोगो ने भाग लिया की नहीं ये बात जानना सबसे ज्यादा जरुरी है क्योकि येहि किसान भाई आज भी क़र्ज़ के अंदर है और पूरी पैदावार नहीं होने के कारण परेशान है | ये दोनों ही खबर अख़बार में पढ़कर ऐसा लगा जैसे एक ही राजस्थान दो अलग अलग दिशाओ में जा रहा है | जहा हम अफ्रीका को भी दुगनी प्रोडक्शन रेट के बारे में बता रहे ही और आपने ही देश में क़र्ज़ के लिए लड़ रहे है

 

Cazari sikar

by Rohit

images

क्यों बच्चो को ही ब्लू व्हेल गेम अपना शिकार बना रहा है

07/09/2017 in Education

ब्लू व्हेल गेम आजकल सभी के बीच आज चर्चा का विषय बना हुआ है यह गेम 2013 में रूस में फिलिप नाम के लड़के ने शुरू किया था जिसका मानना था की बायोलॉजिकल वेस्ट बच्चों की समाज से सफाई करने के लिए बनाया है जबकि इस बात का निर्णय ये कौन करेगा की कोई बच्चा वेस्ट है या नहीं |
आजकल माता पिता की व्यस्थता के कारण बच्चे अपना ज्यादा समय मोबाइल के साथ ही बिताते है , और आजकल सबके पास अलग अलग कमरे होने के कारण हमको पता नहीं रहता की बच्चे क्या कर रहे है इंटरनेट की विशाल दुनिया में कहा पर गोते लगा रहा है इसकी जानकारी हमको नहीं है |
बच्चे अपने आप को स्पेशल फील करने के लिए या डिप्रेशन के कारण कुछ नया करना चाहते है जिसके कारण वो इस तरह के सुनियोजित ट्रैप में फस जाते है जिसके कारण उनको ये भी ध्यान नहीं रहता की की इसकी कीमत उनकी जान भी हो सकती है |
शुरुआती दौर में बच्चों को हॉरर मूवी दिखा कर या कुछ ऐसे एकांत वाले टास्क दिए जाते है जैसे की कब्रिस्तान में जाना वह की फोटो लेना और खुद को स्पेशल बताना |
जब तक माता पिता आपने बच्चों को ये फील नहीं करेंगे की वो उनके लिए कितने स्पेशल है तो बच्चे ऐसे ट्रैप में फसते ही जायेंगे | आजकल प्रतिस्पर्त्धा के चलते बच्चे आपने आपको अकेला महसूस करने लगे है जिसके कारण वो ऐसे गेम के प्रति आकर्षित होते है |
देखा जाये तो बच्चो के पास ज्यादा दोस्त भी नहीं है जिससे कारण भी वो मोबाइल के साथ समय बिताते जा रहे है
माता पिता को अपनी बिजी ज़िन्दगी से समय निकलना ही होगा , उनको समझना होगा की बच्चो की सोच बड़ो की सोच से बहुत अलग है उनकी दुनिया बहुत अलग है .उनकी दुनिया में जा कर , उनके साथ समय देना होगा |
बच्चो की संवेदनाये और उनकी मानसिकता को जानना होगा क्योकि बच्चे ये तो जानते है की काम शुरू कब करना है पर ये नहीं जानते की उसको बंद कब करना है यानि बच्चो को अगर आप कार दोगे चलाने को तो उनको ये नहीं पता की ब्रेक कब लगाना है |

by Rohit

Why refinery head office and Petrochemcial Complex should be loacted at Jodhpur not at Jaipur

31/07/2017 in Mines and Refinery

पश्चिमी राजस्थान आद्यौगिक क्षेत्र में सबसे पिछड़ा  हुआ है  लाखो राजस्थानियों  को रोजगार के लिए देश के अन्य स्थानों पर जाना पड़ता है | बाड़मेर में   रिफाइनरी आने से पश्चिमी राजस्थान में रोजगार के अवसर पैदा होंगे | लघु  उद्योगों का  भी विकास होगा | शुष्म, लघु और  मध्यम उधम   मंत्रालय के अनुसार पश्चिमी राजस्थान का बाड़मेर ,जैसलमेर  व् जोधपुर  (नोटिफिकेशन नंबर 10404  (फाइल नंबर 142 /20 /94  टिपिल (पीटी– 3 ) dated 3 /9 /1997 ) देश में पिछड़े  राज्यों की   catogary -A में आता है |  जिन स्थानों पर बड़े उद्योग होते है वही पर लघु उद्योग बढ़ते है | बड़े उद्योगों की अपेक्षा  लघु उद्योग  अधिक  संखिया में रोजगार  उत्पन करते है  परन्तु प्रत्येक काम के लिए जयपुर जाकर  अनुमति लेना   छोटे व्यपारियो के लिए संभव नहीं है | ऐसे में लघु उद्योग दम  तोड़ देंगे  और पश्चिमी राजस्थान रोजगार के मामले में बाँझ  ही रह जायेगा |

रिफाइनरी  आने के बाद   पेट्रोकेमिकल कॉम्प्लेक्स में तेलशोधक कारखानों की स्थापना  होगी  जिसमें एरोमेटिक कंपाउंड , नैप्था एवं अन्य रसायन पर कार्य होगा जिससे  पश्चिमी राजस्थान  आने वाले समय में भारत का नेतृत्व करेगा  |  रिफाइनरी आने सेबायप्रोडक्ट इंडस्ट्री  की सम्भावनाय   होती है जिससे यहाँ के लोगो का रोजगार के लिए पलायन बंद होगा |अगर पेट्रोकेमिकल  कॉम्प्लेक्स जयपुर होगा तो पश्चिमी राजस्थान इससे वंचित रह जायेगा  और पश्चिमी राजस्थान आद्योगिक पिछड़ेपन का शिकार होगा |

जैसा की आप  जानते है की अन्य  तेल    की सभी कंपनी जैसे की IOCL ,केयर्न  और ONGC  के भी मुख्यालय जोधपुर में ही है |  जोधपुर में मुख्यालय  होने से ट्रेवल अलाउंस  और डेली अलाउंस का भार भी राज्य सरकार पर कम  होगा | जामनगर  की रिफाइनरी का पेट्रोकेमिकल कॉम्प्लेक्स और रिफाइनरी का मुख्यालय भी जामनगर में ही खोला गया है |

रिफाइनरी का काम जब पुरे ज़ोर शोर से चलगा तो उस हिसाब से जोधपुर में सारी सुविधाय  उपलब्ध है | चिकित्सा के लिए AIIMS , एयर कनेक्टिविटी  और दिल्ली से रेल कनेक्टिविटी भी है  इन सब माप दण्डो से जोधपुर रिफाइनरी के मुख्यालय के लिए उपयुक्त स्थान है |

by Rohit

bl18_barmer_basin__1398190f

बाड़मेर का तेल गुजरात को सप्लाई

08/03/2017 in Mines and Refinery

बाड़मेर बेसिन से निकलने वाले खनिज तेल का डिलीवरी पॉइंट गुजरात के तटवर्ती बिंदु सलाया में होगा | यह तेल बाड़मेर से सलाया तक पाइप लाइन से पहुचेगा | इससे राजस्थान को मिलने वाले राजस्व में कोई अंतर नहीं पड़ेगा | २४ जून २००७ को केयर्न इंडिया ने बाड़मेर से गुजरात के समुंदरी तट तक ६०० km  लंबी पाइप लाइन बिछाने के लिए बनासकाठा के बेवड़ा क्षेत्र में पाइप लाइन का प्रोजेक्ट शुरू किया

by Rohit

jawai

Jawai Dam in Jodhpur

07/03/2017 in Water Harvesting

पाली से लगभग ८५ किलोमीटर दूर स्थित जवाईबांध मारवाड़ जंकशन -अहमदाबाद रेलमार्ग पर स्थित है | यह रेलवे स्टेशन भी है | अंग्रेजो के समय में यह एरणपूरा नाम की सैनिक छावनी थी जिसने १८५७ के स्वतंत्रता संग्राम में विद्रोह का बिगुल बजाया | इस बांध की नींव १३ मई १९४६ को जोधपुर के महाराजा उम्मेद सिंह जी दिव्वारा राखी गयी | उम्मेद सिंह जी की मृत्यु के पश्चात उनके पुत्र हनुवंत सिंह जी ने बांध का निर्माण को निर्बाद गति से चलाया परंतु इसके पूर्ण होने से पूर्व ही हनुवंत सिंह की मृत्यु हो गयी | रियासत काल में इस बांध का निर्माण स्टेट के इंजीनियर एडगर व् फेर्गुसन की देख रेख में हुआ | इसके निर्माण में कुल दो करोड़ साठ लाख रुपये की लागत आयी |इसका जल आवक क्षेत्र ३०४ मील तथा जलमग्न क्षेत्र दस वर्ग मील है |

by Rohit

ashok and bjp

काश RAS और फर्स्ट ग्रेड की परीक्षा समय पर न होने देने वाले आधिकारियो की लिस्ट तैयार करते राजनेता

20/02/2017 in Administration, Employment

ओसियां के केलनसर गांव निवासी राजाराम पुत्र पाचानाम बिश्नोई ने प्रथम ग्रेड शिक्षक भर्ती की तैयारी कर रहा था | इन सबसे परेशान होकर उसने अपनी जीवन लीला समाप्त कर ली | बार बार एग्जाम का आगे होना ,पेपर आउट होना या एग्जाम का नियमित रूप से न होने से हजारो युवाओ को रोजाना घुटन हो रही है इसका जिम्मेदार कौन है | पूर्व मुख्यिमंत्री कहते है की अफसरों ने अगर उनके लोगो को परेशान किया तो सही नहीं रहेगा | तत्कालीन सरकार बाप का राज है जैसे कह कर आलोचना करते है | अगर लिस्ट बनानी है तो इस बात की बनाओ की परीक्षा समय पर हो और सुचारू रूप से हो | परंतु राजनीती अब व्यतिगत स्वार्थो की हो गयी है | आज RAS की परीक्षा की रोज स्थागित होना राजस्थान के यूवओ और युवा शक्ति का हनन है | जो किसी भी राज्य के लिए नुकसान दायक है |First Grade exam

by Rohit

donald-trump-melania

अमेरिका की इमीग्रेशन रोक का असर भारत व् राजस्थान के लोगो पर

19/02/2017 in Administration, Employment

अमेरिका में राष्ट्रपति चुनाव में ” अमेरिका फर्स्ट ”  को टेग लाइन के रूप में खूब इस्तेमाल किया गया | इसका परिणाम ये रहा ही विवादित डोनाल्ड ट्रम्प आज वह के राष्ट्रपति है | उनके राष्ट्रपति बनने के बाद वहा की जनता है उसके खिलाफ सड़को पर आ गयी | इतना  भारी विरोध अमेरिका के इस्तिहास में किसी राष्ट्रपति का नहीं हुआ | आज जब ट्रम्प सरकार ने इमीग्रेशन वीसा कैंसिल किये तो  वहा की जनता उनके पक्ष में गयी| उनकी लोगप्रियता में १०-१२ फीसदी का  बढ़ावा मिला  |

पूरी दुनिया को रोजगार देने के लिए मशहूर अमेरिका आज अपने ही लोगो को बेरोजगारी से लड़ते देख रहा है | यूरोपियन यूनियन भी आर्थिक तंगी झेल रहे अन्य यूरोपियों देशो के इमीग्रेशन से परेशान है | ब्रिटैन में आज कोई भी  यूरोपेन नागरिक वहा की कौंसिल में जा कर ये कहता है की उसके पास खुद के लिए घर नहीं है तो यूरोपियन संधि के कारण उसको हर माह ५०० पौंड औऱ रहने के लिए घर दिया जाता है | अगर बच्चे हो तो उनका भी पढ़ने औऱ रहने का भुकतान किया जाता है | इस बात से ब्रिटैन  औऱ अन्य समृद्ध यूरोपियन देशो  के नागरिक बहुत नाराज रहते है | जितना पैसे  वो मेहनत कर के कमाते है एक संधि एक कारण उनको उन लोगो को देना होता है जो कुछ काम  नहीं करते या करना नहीं चाहते है | इससे परिणाम स्वरूप  ब्रिटैन जैसे देशो का ग्रोथ रेट कम होती  जा रहा है | अमेरिका के अपने लोगो को प्राथमिकता के सिद्धान्त को ब्रिटैन जैसे देशो का भी साथ मिल रहा है | इस निर्णय से ब्रिटेन ओर अन्य यूरोपियन देशो से भी उनको सहयोग मिला | आज पूरा विश्व आपने घर को बचाने में एक साथ स्वर मिला रहा है |

H1B  वीसा सबसे ज्यादा भारतीयों को मिल रखे है | अमेरिका अगर इसी नीति पर चला औऱ जैसा की होता आया है, अन्य देश अमेरिका का अनुसरण करते है तो भारत जैसे विकासशील देशो के लोगो का रिवर्स माइग्रेशन होगा | जिससे यहाँ बेरोजगहरो की तादात 13.5 % फीसदी  बढ़ेगी  जो की usual  principal status   के हिसाब से  २०१५-१६ में ५ %  है |  गुजरात में  बेरोजगारी सबसे काम है जबकि राजस्थान में बेरोजगारों का आकड़ा सबसे ज्यादा है | राजस्थान के लोग देश विदेश में आज फैले हुए है | अगर रिवर्स माइग्रेशन होता है तो अनुमानित रूप से १ से १.५ करोड़ लोगो को राजस्थान दोबारा आना पड़ेगा अगले 6-7 सालो में | क्या राजस्थान आज अपने ही लोगो को रोजगार दे पायेगा ? आज विश्व अपने घर को बचाने के लिए अन्य प्रवासियों को बहार ढकेल रहा है | वही नीति कई राज्य भारत में भी आपन रहे है | आज हमे राजस्थान में रोजगार उत्पन करने होंगे | यहाँ के नागरिको जो कल आएंगे उनके लिए नए  अवसर बनाने  की आवश्यकता है | अगर पूरा विश्व अपने घर को बचाने चला तो हमे अपनों लिए गूँज करनी होगी | राजनीतिक व् गवर्निंग बॉडी को यहाँ रोजगार उत्पन करने के लिए विवश करना होगा |

राजस्थान को उत्तर प्रदेश औऱ बिहार के लोगो के साथ जैसी हिंसा ना हो उसपर कार्य करने की जरुरत है | दोबारा राजस्थान लोट रहे लोगो  औऱ यहाँ रह रहे प्रवासियों के बिच संघर्ष ना हो उसके लिए नयी संभावनाएं पैदा करनी होगी |

by Rohit

industry-4

Jalore :- A Land for Industrial Possibility waiting for large scale industries and Public sectors

01/01/2017 in Decentralization, Development, Industrial Development

Jalore has a wide potential in industrial sector that has to be exploited properly. The following industries has a good potential

 

Granite based Industry – Arawali mountain range is spread throughout the district giving a wide range of granite stone.

District has developed 6 industrial areas. Here nearly 400 granite units working, where colourful granite Tiles of 20 types are produced

Agro Based Industry- Jalore is a agriculture based area, here Mustard (Raida),Tomato, Arandi, Isabgol, Matira Mungfali are produced .These crops are grown in Bhinma,Sayla and Sanchore area mostly.

 

Here Arandi Oil Mill,Isabgol processing Unit and tomato Ketchup units can be created.

Engineering Units – Due to availability of granite concrete and raw material and availability of labor Iron based mechanical big-small units can be developed.

Cement Industry is also feasible here.

 

Other Industry – Sanchore tehsil is connected with national highway and nearer to Gujarat state. Here industry and commercial activities can be motivated, gypsum, guar gum etc are available here in ample amounts. Plaster of Paris based industry can be produced here. Guar gum process industry can also be established. Animal husbandry and forest produce are also feasible.

There is not a single large scale Industries/public sector under taking present in Jalore Districts

by Rohit

jalorecity.com-13

जालोर जहा प्राचीन संस्कृत पाढ्शाला होती थी वो आज शिक्षा के क्षेत्र में सबसे पीछे

01/01/2017 in Administration, Education

जालोर नगर के मध्य में परमार राजा भोज के काल में निर्मित एक भव्य संस्कृत पाठशाला एवम् देवालय के हिस्से मौजूद है जो सदियाँ बीतने पर भी अपनी पूरी भव्यता को संजाये हैं। राजा भोज संस्कृत साहित्य का अधिकारी विद्वान् थे उन्होंने के प्रचार-प्रसार के लिये अनेक शालायें बनवाईं जिनमें भोज की राजधानी धार, अजमेर तथा जालोर में बनवाई गई तीनों पाठशालायें एक ही आकृति की हैं। आजकल धार की संस्कृत पाठशाला एवम् देवालय कमल मौला की मिस्जद के नाम से, अजमेर की पाठशाला एवम् देवालय ढाई दिन का झोंपडा के नाम से तथा जालोर की पाठशाला तोपखाना के नाम से जानी जाती है।

जालोर स्थित पाठशाला में पत्थरों पर अत्यन्त बारीक एवम् सुन्दर कारीगरी की गई है। दोनो ओर के पाश्र्वों में छोटे-छोटे देवालय बने हुए हैं जिनमें अब कोई प्रतिमा स्थापित नहीं है। प्रवेश द्वार के ठीक सामने मुख्य आहता बना हुआ है। जिसके विशाल स्तंभों पर छत टिकी हुई है। प्रत्येक स्तंभ अपनी बारीक कारीगरी से दर्शक को घंटों तक बान्धे रख सकता है। इन पर उत्कीर्ण फूल, घन्टे, जंजीरें, लता, हाथी तथा ज्यामितीय आकृतियां मध्यकालीन कला वैभव का मुंह बोलता उदाहरण है। मुख्य प्रांगण के दाहिने कोने में एक कक्ष भूमि से लगभग 10 फीट ऊपर बना है। जिस पर जाने के लिये सीढ़िया बनी हैं। यहां संभवत: आचार्य के बैठने की व्यवस्था थी जहां से वे बड़ी संख्या में उपस्थित विद्यार्थियों को एक साथ सम्बोधित कर सकते थे।

इस स्मारक में आज भी 276 खम्भे हैं जो कि इसकी समृद्धता का प्रतीक है। मुख्यद्वार से प्रवेश करते समय बाईं ओर को एक भग्न देवालय अलग से बना हुआ है जहां संभवत: शिवलिंग स्थापित था। अब यहां विभिन्न देव मूतियां खण्डित अवस्था में पड़ी हैं। जिनमें शिव-पार्वती, गणेश तथा वाराह अवतार की मूर्तियां हैं।‘शाला में स्थित दाहिनी ओर का पाश्र्व अधूरी कला से सज्जित है। ऐसा प्रतीत होता है कि इसका निर्माण कार्य निरन्तर चल रहा था किन्तु किसी कारणवश इसका निर्माण कार्य अधूरा छूट गया।लगभग यही स्थिति मुख्य मण्डप के बाहर की ओर स्थित `आर्च´ की है जो बनाते बनाते अचानक अधूरे छोड़ दिए गए हैं। राज्य सरकार की ओर से पिछले तीन सालों में तोपखाने के विकास के लिए लाखों रुपए खर्च किए जाकर इसे दर्शनीय बनाने का प्रयास किया जा रहा है। वर्तमान में केमिकल ट्रीटमेंट से तोपखाने का रूप निखारा जा रहा है।

मुख्य  दीवार पर प्रवेश करते समय  बाई ओर एक भग्न देवालय अलग से बना हुआ है जहा संभवत शिवलिंग स्थापित था | अब यहां विभिन देव मुर्तिया खंडित अवस्था में पड़ी है जिसमें विष्णु शिव पार्वती गणेश तथा वराह अवतार की मुर्तिया विशिष्टि है | शाला में स्थित दाहिना ओर का पार्श्व अधूरी कला से सज्जित है |ऐसा प्रतिक होता है की इसका निर्माण कार्य अधूरा छोड़ देना पड़ा | लगभग यही स्थति मुख्य मंडप के  बाहर की ओर स्थित ‘आर्च ‘ की है जो बनते बनते अचानक अधूरे छोड़ दिए गए |संभावता किसी मुस्लिम आक्रांता के आक्रमण के कारण |

इसके तीनो दीवारों में से उत्तर के दीवार पर फारसी लिपि में एक लेख खुद है जिसमें सुल्तान मोहमंद बिन तुगलक का नाम है |

आज वही जालोर शिक्षा के क्षेत्र में सबसे पिछड़ा हुआ है कौन है इसका ज़िमेदार |

by Rohit

traffic

Traffic Problem @ Jodhpur in 2017: What will happen in 2030

30/12/2016 in Administration

Jodhpur, the second largest city in Rajasthan, is one among the popular tourist destinations of India. It is known as the “Sun City” because of its bright and sunny weather. Jodhpur, with a current population of 12.65 lakhs (projected from 2001) is one of the fastest growing cities of the country with an annual average growth rate of 3% slightly more than that of the nation’s urban growth. On an average about 4000 tourists visit the city every day. It is envisaged that by the year 2030, the population within the Jodhpur Region will be about 28 lakhs. This would translate into about 1.97 lakh peak hour motorized trips in the year 2030, which will be about 3 times the present day peak hour trips.

The road network of Jodhpur currently 700 km. In that only 34% having two lane and 9% four lane. In four lane some area encroachment by the people. In Jodhpur almost 15 lakhs vehicle register out of which 18% four wheeler and 45% two wheeler.

In a year around 400 people in Jodhpur died due to Road accident. If we really want to do something for Jodhpur traffic problem then we should promote the public transport rather than our own car.

We should ask government for BRTS and Metros rather than purchasing the Car and bikes .

by Rohit

maxresdefault

The Great Gama started his wrestling career from Jodhpur

30/12/2016 in Sports

Gama was born in 1878 into a family of wrestlers. His father ,Aziz Baksh, was a famous wrestler in the court of Raja Bhavani Singh of Datiya in Modern Madhya Pradesh. After his father died, when Gama was only six year old, he was put under the care of his maternal grandfather Nun Pahalwan, also a wrestler. When his grandfather died soon after, Gama’s uncle ,Ida Pahalwan  took him under his wing and began training him in the intricacies of  wrestling.

Gama showed his first signs of greatness when as a ten-year-old he sought permission to compete in an exercise competition held by the ruler of Jodhpur in 1888, to which he was taken by another wrestler-uncle Buta Pahalwan.

The contest was attended by more than four hundred wrestlers and young Gama was among the last fifteen. At that point the Maharajah of Jodhpur announced Gama as the victor due to his remarkable show of enormous stamina and dedication

 

 

Gama Pahalwan
Gama Pahalwan

The center pieceof the competition was finding out which wrestler could do the most bethaks (knees bend). More than four hundred wrestler began the contest, but after several hours, only fifteen remained in the fray, one of then being Gama.

He was declared the winner because of his young age.

 

 

by Rohit

फलोदी को ज़िले का दर्जा

30/12/2016 in Administration, Decentralization

सन 1460 में राव जोधा जी ने अपने पुत्र राव सूजा को फलोदी का शासक बना के भेजा | सन 1469 में सिद्धजी(Sidhuji) की सहायता से दुर्ग की नींव रखी गयी | इस कार्य में “फला” नामक महिला ने धन उपलब्ब्ध कराया इसी के नाम से आज फलोदी नाम पड़ा है |

फलोदी शहर अपने धार्मिक महत्वता के लिए प्रसिद्ध है यहाँ स्थित भगवान कल्याणजी ,लटियालजी ,शांतिनाथ जी एवम पार्श्वनाथ के मंदिर अति  प्राचीन है | कल्याणजी का मंदिर सन 1236 में निर्मित हुआ था  |

फलोदी शरह नमक उत्पादन व व्यवसाय का एक प्रमुख केंद्र है | शहर के आसपास नमक की मात्रा ज्यादा होने से यहाँ की आर्थिक गतिविदियों में विस्तार हुआ और स्थानीय रोजगार के अवसर उपलब्ध हुए |

नगर के विकास एवम विस्तार के साथ साथ यहाँ नगरीय समस्याए भी बढ़ने लगी है जिसमें पानी की नकासी, यातायात अवरुद्ध संकरे मार्ग प्रमुख है |

शहर के बाहरी  क्षेत्रो में अव्यवस्था एवम अनियोजित बस्तिया विकसित हो जाने से यहाँ मुलभुत सुविधायो का अभाव होता जा रहा है

इसी कारण फलोदी को सुनियोजित विकास के लिए ज़िला बनाने की जरुरत है |
 

by Rohit

Rajasthani Language : Kiran Jhadiwal Records her name in Limca Book of Records 2017 without attending a school

12/09/2016 in Rajasthani Language

She never attended a single class in her life, but will be featured in the Limca Books of Records for her scholastic achievements.
Kiran Jhadiwal recorded her name in limca book of records 2017 by doing MA without taking any formal education from school. She did her MA in Rajasthani Language and want to continue her study in Rajasthani.

Kiran is only 21 year  old .She is selected for  Young achiever  for 2017. She belongs to Churu district ,Rajasthan.

Her Father or Mentor or teacher  Mr. Sangmanand  insist  her for  doing MA in  Rajasthani Language.

Vijaya Ghose, editor of Limca Book of Records (LBR) confirmed that Kiran’s story will be featured in 2017 edition.

by Rohit

VIJAYDAN DETHASAHITYA AKADEMY AWARD

राजस्थान के प्रेमचंद विजयदान देथा (बिज्जी ) का जीवन राजस्थानी को समर्पित

01/09/2016 in Rajasthani Language

विजयदान देथा  (बिज्जी  ) को राजस्थान के प्रेमचंद के नाम से भी जाना जाता है  | राजस्थानी भाषा व् संस्कृति को दुनिया भर से परिचित करने का श्रये बिज्जी को ही जाता है | जोधपुर के बोरुंदा मैंने अप्पक जनम १ सितम्बर १९२६ मैं हुआ था | आपकी  मृत्यु १० नवम्बर २०१३ में हुई जब तक आप राजस्थानी भाषा को मान्यता के लिए संघर्ष करते रहे | आपको १९७४ में साहित्य अकादमी पुरस्कार (Batan Ri Phulwari, vol. १०  ) जो अब तक ६० साहित्यकरो को मिल चूका है | आप राजस्थान से ४२ साहित्यकारो मैंने सबसे प्रथम व्यक्ति  थे जिनको ये अवार्ड मिला | ,१९९२ में भारतीय भाषा पुरस्कार ,१९९५ मैंने मरुधर पुरस्कार ,२००२ मैंने बिहारी पुरस्कार ,२००६ में  साहित्य चूड़ामणि पुरस्कार , २००७ में पदम् श्री ,२०११ में  राव सीहा पुरस्कार ,२०११ में नोबल के लिए नामित व् २०१२ में राजस्थान रतन पुरस्कार |

Vijaydan Detha (1 September 1926 – 10 November 2013), also known as Bijji, was a noted writer from Rajasthan and a recipient of the Padma Shri award. He was also recipient of several other awards such as the Sahitya Akademi Award.

He has more than 800 short stories to his credit, which are translated into English and other languages. He was co-founder of Rupayan Sansthan with late Komal Kothari, an institute that documents Rajasthani folk-lore, arts and music. His literary works include Bataan ri Phulwari (garden of tales), a fourteen volume collection of stories that draws on folk-lore and spoken dialects of Rajasthan. His stories and novels have been adapted for many plays and movies including Habib Tanvir‘s Charandas Chor, Prakash Jha’s Parinati, Amol Palekar‘s Paheli, and Duvidha by Mani Kaul.

Vijaydan Detha hails from charan caste. His father Sabaldan Detha and grandfather Jugtidan Detha were also well-known poets of Rajasthan. Detha lost his father and two brothers in a feud at the age of four-year. At the age of six he moved to Jaitaran (25 km from Borunda) where his brother Sumerdan used to work in civil court. He studied there till class IV. His brother had transferable job hence Vijaydan also had to move with him. Vidaydan did his school study at Bihar and Barmer. Detha in his school years was poor in English language and had to face many embarrassing moments. In Barmer, while competing with another student Narsingh Rajpurohit, he realised that he wants to be a writer. His brother then transferred to Jodhpur where Detha studied in Durbar School.

Vijaydan Detha considers Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay as his first inspirer. He is equally good fan of Chekhov. In beginning he was critical of Tagore but after reading Tagore’s Stripatra he became fan of Tagore.

Detha joined college in 1944, by that time he had already established his name in poetry, however he gives credit for it to his cousin brother Kuberdan Detha, who had left school after standard X. Vijaydan says he used to pass his cousins poems in his name, applause brought from those poems made him to think to establish his own name in writing.

One of his first books to create a storm was Bapu Ke Teen Hatyare. The book is critique of the work of Harivanshrai Bachchan, Sumitranandan Pant and Narendra Sharma. The trio brought out books about Gandhi within two months of Gandhi’s death.

Nathuram Godse may have killed Gandhi physically, but these three writers killed his soul

— Vijaydan Detha, Bapu Ke Teen Hatyare

In 1950–52, Detha read and was inspired by 19th Century Russian literature. That is when he thought: “If you do not want to be mediocre writer, you should return to your village and write in Rajasthani.” By that time he had already written 1300 poems and 300 short stories. In 1973, renowned filmmaker Mani Kaul, directed ‘ Duvidha’, based on Bijji’s story’ duvidha’. The film was appreciated all over the world. much of it was shot at his village Borunda in Jodhpur district. Later Shah Rukh Khan made ‘ Paheli’ on the same story, which was directed by Amol Palekar. “Paheli’ was also India’s entry in Oscar. Prakah Jha made’ Parinati’, a wonderful film based on Bijji’s story.Habib Tanvir, adapted Bijji’s story into one of his most acclaimed play’ Charandas Chor’, the same was converted into a film by Shyam Benegal. Bijji’s stories have been converted into various films and dramas all over. Talking to Mahendra lalas in India Today, he said,’ My land ( Rajasthan) is full of stories, whatever I’ve written is just a drop of the ocean. Bijji, was inspired by Shah govradhan Lal Kabra to write in Rajasthani’ till date I have not written in any other language, he says regarding his immense love for the language. His favourite authors include Sharat Chandra Chattopadhya, Anton Chekhov and Rabindranath Tagore. Bijji has always portrayed the sufferings of the poor in his writings,’ he is one of the finest authors, the world has ever produced, says Professor Gopal bharadwaj, former head of Sociology department of Jai Narayan vyas university, Jodhpur. Bijji was also tipped for the Nobel prize for literature in 2011 which ultimately went to Tomas TranströmerBijji was awarded rao Siha award by Mehrangarh Museum trust on 24 November 2011. Vijay dan detha has four sons and one daughter- Premdan detha,Kailash kabir,Kaushlya(daughter), satyadev detha, mahendra detha. Vijaydan detha’s grandson and son of Kailash dan detha, Mr. Levin detha is currently owe a reputed coaching centre”pathshala” in Jodhpur.

Due to respect for his mother tongue Rajasthani,’Bijji’ has never written in any other language, most of his works are translated into Hindi by one of his sons Kailash Kabeer.

  • Usha, 1946, poetry
  • Bapu ke teen hatyare, 1948, critics
  • Column in Jwala Weekly, 1949–1952
  • Sahitya aur samaj, 1960, essays
  • Anokha Ped, illustrated children’s stories, 1968
  • Phoolwari, Hindi translation by Kailash Kabir, 1992
  • Chaudharain Ki Chaturai, short stories, 1996
  • Antaral, 1997, short stories
  • Sapan Priya, 1997, short stories
  • Mero Darad Na Jane Koy, 1997, essays
  • Atirikta, 1997, critics
  • Mahamilan, novel, 1998
  • Priya Mrinal, short stories, 1998

Rajasthani

  • Batan Ri Phulwari, vol. 1–14, 1960–1975, folk lores
  • Prerana co-edited with Komal Kothari, 1953
  • Soratha, 1956–1958
  • Parampara , edited three special issues – Folk songs, Gora Hatja, Jethava Ra
  • Rajasthani Lokgeet, folk songs of Rajasthan, six volumes, 1958
  • Tido Rao, first pocket book in Rajasthani, 1965
  • Uljhan,1984, novel
  • Alekhun Hitler, 1984, short stories
  • Roonkh, 1987
  • Kaboo Rani, 1989, children’s stories

Detha also been credited for editing following works

  • Complete work of Ganeshi Lal Vyas for Sahitya Akademi
  • Rajasthani-Hindi Kahawat Kosh

Awards and honours

  • Sahitya Akademi Award for Rajasthani in 1974
  • Bhartiya Bhasa Parishad Award in 1992
  • Marudhara Puraskar in 1995
  • Bihari Puraskar in 2002
  • Sahitya Chudamani Award in 2006
  • Padmashri in 2007[5]
  • Rao Siha award 2011 by mehrangarh museum trust.
  • Rajasthan Ratna award in 2012

Source : Patrika and wikipedia

 

by Rohit

Jalore-4648_5

Story of Education City Sachore :No Government College for Students

29/08/2016 in Education

Sanchore tehsil has 70 schools (government and private), 2 English middle schools, some 10,000 students and 1,000 teachers.

As of 2012 many infrastructure projects were in progress in Sanchor. Oil exploration company Cairn Energy, discovered 480,000,000 tonnes (1.06×1012 lb) of crude oil in the Barmer-Sanchore basin in 2010.[3] The Narmada Canal, which begins in Gujarat, enters Rajasthan state near the village Silu in Sachore tehsil, after passing through 458 kilometres (285 mi) in Gujarat.

Sachore is know for its education . After 12 th  student either has to take admission into private college , has to go outside for education or left the studies. Most of the Sachore girls are not fortunate. They have to leave there education in between.

Literacy rate in female is 32% and male literacy is 62%. Total literacy rate is 48% which is much lower than India literacy rate 58%.

Poor family not able to  educate   there child because of expensive fees  structure in private college.

One of the largest Cattle  Gopal Goverdan Gaushala and 480,000,000 crude oil storage city waiting for administration to boost the education.

 

 

by Rohit

jodhpur-5_1470691692

उत्तरी भारत का पहला इंटरनेशनल एयरपोर्ट:जोधपुर एयरपोर्ट 1924-25

29/08/2016 in Transport

जोधपुर एयरपोर्ट का विस्तार का काम इस महीने के अंत से शुरू हो सकता है। ये उत्तर भारत का पहला इंटरनेशनल एयरपोर्ट था, जहां कभी 10 और 5 रुपए में लोगों को प्लेन की सवाई करवाई जाती थी। एयरफोर्स की खाली पड़ी 23 एकड़ पर पहले फेज में 9 एप्रिन यानी पार्किंग का निर्माण शुरू होगा। विमानों के एप्रिन तक आने के लिए नया टैक्सी वे भी बनना शुरू होगा। इसके बाद 50 हजार स्क्वायर फीट एरिया में दो मंजिला नई टर्मिनल बिल्डिंग बननी शुरू होगा। जिसका कुल बजट 200 करोड़ का है।
1942 में जोधपुर की सैर करवाता था विमान…
– ये टिकट था टाइगर मोथ का। एक छोटा 2 सीटर विमान। जो सन 1942 में जोधपुरवासियों को 10 रुपए में शहर की सैर करवाता था।
– अगर कोई सिर्फ इस विमान में बैठना चाहता हो तो 5 रुपए लगते थे।
वर्ष 1924: उत्तरलाई एयरबेस सहित मारवाड़ में बनाए थे 21 रनवे
– महाराजा उम्मेद सिंह ने जोधपुर एयरपोर्ट का निर्माण 1924-25 में शुरू कराया जो 1.36 लाख रुपए में 1932 में तैयार हुआ था। 1931 में जोधपुर फ्लाइंग क्लब की स्थापना की गई।
– 29,333 रुपए से कंट्रोल टॉवर (वर्तमान में एटीसी टॉवर) बनवाया। महाराजा ने मारवाड़ में 21 रनवे बनवाए, जिनमे मौजूदा उत्तरलाई एयरबेस भी शामिल है।
वर्ष 1931: जोधपुर फ्लाइंग क्लब ने 10,896 रु. में खरीदा पहला विमान
जोधपुर फ्लाईंग क्लब ने 10 अक्टूबर, 1931 को पहला विमान वीटी-एबीवी 10 हजार 896 रुपए में खरीदा। विमान उड़ाने की ट्रेनिंग के लिए लंदन से विंग कमांडर जीएस गोडविन मुख्य प्रशिक्षक नियुक्त किए गए। यह उत्तरी भारत का पहला इंटरनेशनल एयरपोर्ट बना।
वर्ष 1942: द्वितीय विश्वयुद्ध में यहां से मित्र राष्ट्रों की 1063 उड़ानें
28 मई, 1942 में रॉयल एयरफोर्स की शुरुआत हुई। इसके लिए इलिमेंट्ररी फ्लाइंग ट्रेनिंग स्कूल स्थापित किया गया। द्वितीय विश्व युद्ध के दौरान जोधपुर एयरबेस से मित्र राष्ट्रों के विमानों ने 1063 उड़ानें भरी थीं। बर्मा और चीन तक सामग्री पहुंचाई गई। यहां करीब 1200 लोग काम करते थे।
वर्ष 1945: 40 टाइगर मोथ, 1 हार्वर्ड से हर महीने 2130 घंटे की उड़ानें
1945 में ही महाराजा उम्मेद सिंह को रॉयल एयर फोर्स के एयर वायस मार्शल का सम्मान दिया गया। अप्रैल 1947 में जोधपुर फ्लाइंग स्कूल में 40 टाइगर मोथ और 1 हार्वर्ड था जो हर महीने 2130 घंटे की उड़ान भरते थे।
वर्ष 1936: शहर की सैर से रंगून-पेरिस तक
1936 में जोधपुर से इंडियन ट्रांस कांटिनेंटल एयरवेज, एयर फ्रांस, डच केएलएम की उड़ानें शुरू हुई। कराची, रंगून और कायरो के लिए यहीं से फ्लाइट पकड़ते। चीन, बर्मा, लंदन और पेरिस के लिए भी उड़ानें भरी गईं। रोजाना तीन इंटरनेशनल उड़ानें थी। हफ्ते में करीब 18 विमान ठहरते थे। उस समय टाइगर मोथ से ट्रेनिंग उड़ानें शुरू हुई। महाराजा ने जोधपुर शहर की हवाई सैर के लिए उड़ानें शुरू कीं।
Future Jodhpur Airport
Future Jodhpur Airport
(कंटेट सोर्स: महाराजा मानसिंह पुस्तक प्रकाश, मेहरानगढ़, द हिस्ट्री ऑफ जोधपुर फ्लाइंग क्लब, करणीसिंह जसोल, निदेशक, मेहरानगढ़ म्यूजियम ट्रस्ट)
www.bhasker.com

by Rohit

ks

Prof Karan Singh First Dronacharya Awardee of Rajasthan: Ignorance of Sports in India

28/08/2016 in Sports

 

 

 

 

 

karan Singh

 

Prof Karan Singh was born in Jodhpur District Rajasthan . He was the first Dronachayra awardee of  Rajasthan. He was  honored by  Noble Prize winner Prof C.V.Raman for his contribution in sports.karan singhji

 

Dronacharya Award is an award presented by the Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports, government of India for excellence insports coaching.[1][2] The award comprises a bronze statuette of Dronacharya, a scroll of honour and a cash component of Rs.7,00,000. The award was instituted in 1985.[3]

As the best sportsperson award is named Arjuna Award, it is appropriate that the coaching award is named afterDronacharya, as he was the teacher of Arjuna. B.I. Fernandez is the first foreign coach to be awarded Dronacharya Award.

by Rohit

sneha Jain

Sneha Jain : A girl with 259 Gold for India from Rajasthan

28/08/2016 in Sports

s jain

  • Gold 259
  • Silver 54
  • Bronze 16
  • National record in long Jump 5.16 Meter
  • Asian Record in Triple Jump
  • International Record Srilanka Record in Tripal Jump(10.01) 2010
  • International Record Thailand Record in Tripal Jump (9.30)2012sneha jaina

by Rohit

10008.png

पर्यटन में पीछे होता जा रहा है राजस्थान

01/07/2016 in Tourism

राजस्थान पर्यटन में दिनों दिन पीछे होता जा रहा है | पर्यटन विभाग की ओर से जारी  आंकड़ों के अनुसार  2015 में 143.2  करोड़ लोगो ने विभिन्न राज्यों का भ्रमण किया जबकि  ये संखिया 2014 में 128.28 थी | तमिल नाडु व् उतर  प्रदेश  पहले व् दूसरे स्थान पर रहे | राजस्थान में 3.52 करोड़ घरेलु व् 14.8  विदेशी पर्यटन आये |  तेलंगाना  में 9.45  करोड़  व् गुजरात 3.63 करोड़ पर्यटक आये |
2014 में  विदेशी पर्यटन  2.23 करोड़ थे वही 2015 में विदेशी पर्योटको को इजाफा 2.33 करोड़ हुआ है

by Rohit

football1

History of Sports in India : In 1920 out of Eleven nine are Indians in Football team

28/05/2016 in Sports

In British era sports were also officially encouraged. In 1900,Lord Horatio H. Kitchener, the commander in chief of the army in India recommended all healthy outdoor games and sports.

In 1908 Kings Royal Rifle  Corps challenged  their counterparts in the Jubbalpore garrison. The event include cricket, polo, a road race,a walking race, billiards, golf, shooting, racquets, tennis  and tug of war .Duration of event was 6 weeks. The GreenJacket was only fifteen won over fifty opponents.

In photo it is clearly seen that only two are non India in Twentieth Duke of Cambridge  football team.

In the early years of Indian independence , Jawaharlal Nehru’s government had plenty to worry about , and  sports weren’t on top priority. As a time when the Indian economy was inward looking and stagnant, the financial outlay for sports in the First Plan was a paltry Rs 150,000 but this increased substantially by the Third Plan to Rs 110 million.

1951 Nehru understand the potential of sports in Asian Games to projects India’s image and forge international ties.

In 1948 , Tara Chand , made several recommendations regarding physical education in school study.

Acting on recommendations ,Central Advisory Board of Physical Education was established in 1951, followed by the All-India Council of Sports (AICS) in 1954 headed by the retired military Chief K.M. Cariappa , to act as a liaison between the government and the various national sports federation.

Although, there was no sports minsitry yet, India’s first health , minister , Rajkumari Amrit Kaur, herself a tennis player and president of the All-India Tennis Federation in the 1950 , had a keen interest in sports.

In 1958 the sports and welfare department was created under the Ministry of Education.

by Rohit

narendra-modi-poll-top

What Rajasthan Got after completion of 2 years to Modi Government

28/05/2016 in Administration, Development, Lok Sabha

The Narendra Modi government has initiated several policy aimed to improving the business environment.

Swachh Bharat, Jan Dhan :- Modi announces all school in the country have toilets , with separate toilets for girls. This traget should be finished within one year  and on the next 15 August we should be in a position to announce that there no school in India without separate toilets for boys and girls.

Against the targets 4.19 lakh toilets by the end of May only 1.21 toilets had been built. In rajasthan ratio is much more lower.On 4 August 2015 , the minister of HRD claimed that 3.64 lakh toilets had been constructed.  Rajasthan especially western Rajasthan not able to achieved 1% of total toilets. Vidya Balan  is also adding for toilet but still awareness is not upto the mark.

Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojna :- In Western Rajasthan more than 50 lakhs  account had been opened out of that 46.91%   on zero balance.

Skilled India :- Rajasthan Skilled center Headed by  IAS Mr Gaurav Goyal was Managing Director of Rajasthan Skill Development Center was award twice for skilling Rajasthan. Because of Tourism Hub in service industry like Hotels, Retail etc Rajasthani getting jobs but unfortunately western Rajasthan not able to open Manufacturing Industry. In Manufacturing Industry India share with world is only 2.7%  as compared to china 27.6%.

If we compare Skill Center in Western Rajasthan as compared to Eastern Rajasthan  is less than 20% .

The question that has been asked but not answered by the government.

Western Rajasthan not qualify for the  Modi Dream Project Smart City.

No policy was prepared for the development of sport.

In the end,Western Rajasthan Still waiting for Acche Din.

 

by Rohit

index

Border Area Barmer without RAC Rajasthan Armed Constabulary

26/05/2016 in Administration

In Barmer whether any VIP visit  or any type of Mela and other celebration is there we have to sent Rajasthan Armed Constabulary (RAC)   from Jodhpur. Jodhpur is 200 km away from Barmer.In barmer there is no RAC battalion  is present for security. In 120 javans consist of one battalion.

!8 year before there was one battalion and on Gadara circle Barmer one land was allotted.  1998 to 2001 RAC was there but state government single order changed the office from Barmer to Jodhpur.

Now barmer is border area and it is much more sensitive than any other district.

 

Hopefully Surender Goyal and Rajveer singh Thakur might resolve the above problem.

 

by Rohit

rajasthan-tourism-map

In Tourism Project Investment Goverment Ignored Major Western Rajasthan Cities

22/04/2016 in Tourism

Having recorded a tourist count of up to 34.59 million, Rajasthan offers numerous opportunities to expand the luxury tourist segment of the country as a whole.Tourists greatly add to a state’s economy. Rajasthan is no exception to this. It was on November 4, 2015 that Rajasthan signed the 76 memoranda of understanding (MOUs) worth Rs 319 crore in its tourism sector with different private entities. These MOUs are specially focused on setting up hotels, resorts and motels with the aim to provide direct employment to over 2800 people. The state’s Tourism Minister Krishnendra Kaur took the decision to sign MOUs as an initiative to take Rajasthan on a global level in terms of tourism. The Indian Hotels, ITC-Sheraton, The Oberoi and Holiday Inn are the renowned and predominant names in the Tourism industry of Rajasthan.

The Resurgent Rajasthan Partnership Summit will also focus on leveraging tourism for the state’s sustained development. Economic benefits like creation of jobs, foreign exchange earnings and the infrastructure development of local tradition and handicrafts will accompany the tasks performed for Rajasthan tourism’s development. With a large number of tourist areas located in Rajasthan’s thick forest cover, the state’s tourism industry takes every possible care to ensure that the natural eco-system isn’t being disturbed due to tourism development campaigns. Some of the well-identified areas that can be consumed for developing eco-tourism projects include Jaisamand Lake, Talab-e-Shahi of Dholpur and the Sambhar Wetlands of Jaipur.

Projects for Investment

Thousands of new hotel rooms across categories and price points are needed to cater to the ever growing tourist influx. Looking at the increasing trend, it is estimated that foreign tourist arrival will increase to 2.5 million in next 3 years. With an estimated shortfall of 36,000 rooms by the year 2021.

Estimated Additional Number of Hotels required by 2020:

  • Luxury – 27
  • Mid priced – 111
  • Economy – 176
  • Others -547
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ScPPdMKqSVM&feature=youtu.be

PPP Projects

1. Adventure Sports

Particulars Estimated Cost
Water based activities like cruise and boating in Chambal and other water bodies Rs 100 to 200 million for each activity per site (excluding land/rental cost) depending upon the equipments/location/scale.
ATVs (All Terrain Vehicles) in sand dunes of Jaisalmer / Barmer / Bikaner
Mountaineering and Trekking activities in Mount Abu/Jaipur

2. Establishment of Golf Resorts and Convention Centres

Particulars Estimated Cost
Centres near Jaipur-Sambhar and Udaipur Kumbhal Garh areas.

  • 18 hole Golf Course
  • Resort
Rs 250 to 500 million
(18 hole Golf Course Rs 50 million + Resort Rs 200-450 million)
Convention Centre Rs. 1 billion to Rs 10 billion

3. Development of Summer Tourism

Night viewing of monuments at
Particulars Estimated Cost
Jaipur Rs. 100 million
Jaisalmer Rs. 20 million
Udaipur Rs. 20 million
Bharatpur Rs. 20 million
Chittorgarh Rs. 20 million

4. DEVELOPMENT OF 7 KOSI PARIKRAMA

Particulars Estimated Cost
7 Kosi Parikrama in Pushkar (Ajmer) Rs. 100 million

5. DEVELOPMENT OF ECO-TOURISM IN THE STATE

Particulars Estimated Cost
Badupol (Hanumangarh) Rs. 5 million for each site
Badi Kaler (Udaipur)
Badi Mansarovar (Chittor)
Jawai Dam (Pali)
Sambhar (Jaipur)
Udpuria (Kota)
Chambal (Kota and Dholpur)

6. DEVELOPMENT OF TOURISM

(Joint Venture)
Particulars Estimated Cost
Sambhar (Jaipur) Rs. 1 billion
Jaisamand Lake (Udaipur) Rs. 100 million

7. PROTECTED FORTS & PALACES FOR TOURISM UNITS

Name Type Location
Shahabad Fort
Kelwara Fort
Badal Mahal, Shahabad Palace Baran
Shergarh Fort Fort Atru, Baran
Sukhmahal Palace Bundi
Jalore Fort Fort Jalore
Phalodi Fort Fort Phalodi, Jodhpur
Sojat Fort Fort Sojat, Pali
Siwana Fort Fort Siwana, Barmer
Timangarh Fort Fort Karauli
Sarwar Fort Fort Ajmer
Kishori Mahal Palace Bharatpur
Weir Fort Fort Weir, Bharatpur
Kishangarh Fort Fort Kishangarh, Jaisalmer

8. PROTECTED PROPERTIES FOR CONSERVATION & UPKEEP

Particulars Location
Shiv Temple, Bhand Deora Ramgarh, Baran
Group of Temples Kiradu, Barmer
Deep Stambh, Niyana Anta,Baran
Group of Temples Manas Village, Kota
Shiv Temple and Math Chandresal (Kota)
Harsh ka Deval (Shiv Temple) Varna Bilara, (Jodhpur)
Shiv Temple Lamba (Jodhpur)
Chhaneri Paneri Temple Jhalrapatan (Jhalawar)

by Rohit

padharo-mhare-des-banner

Tourism in Western Rajasthan : A Land of Hospitality

21/04/2016 in Tourism

Western Rajasthan is immensely rich from the viewpoint of tourism. But reasons best known to the situations prevailing in this part of the country the numerical data oftourists is comparatively quite less. One of the main reasons for this fact may be said tobe its geographical condition. The best suited months for tourist activity in this regionare between October and March. With the beginning of April to almost entire September adverse climatic conditions present unpalatable situation such as duststorms, scorching beat etc.
 In southern and easternpart of Rajasthan during rainyseason things become still worse and most of the places become inaccessible. This precisely accounts for the problem of the development of tourist industry in Rajasthan.After the adverse geographical condition which prevents the development of tourism, we may account yet another important reason for this. Rajasthan is underdeveloped and backward in means of transport and communication especially when compared with other regions of the country. The Western Rajasthan particularly has limited means and resources of communication network. To start with the railways, the share of Rajasthan regarding the development and modernization process is quite negligible.
It is still continuing in the age old feudal railway system which has become obvious and rotten. To cope up with the facilities which ought to be provided to the tourists who are accustomed to modern comfortsand luxuries of the west, the Government should take up the modernization of the railways in a big way. Important cultural, political and commercial centers of Rajasthan ought to be provided with broadcasting railway lines. The superfast trains with Air Conditioned coaches and dining car equipped with appropriate eatables and beverages and mineral water be started at the earliest. It has been observed that the tourists fa ce great problem regarding drinking water while travelling. The tourism department and concerned agencies should see that this problem is solved. The important railway stations and terminals should be modernized to lodge the tourists at least temporarily. They should be provided with special reservation facilities and if possible some coached be made reserved exclusively for the tourists. The medical postal and communication facility besides banking facility be also provided on important railway stations to encourage tourism. The experiment of palace on wheels should be extended and other su ch special trains be introduced to promote tourism in Rajasthan.
Similarly road transport should be also modernized.The roads should be built, repaired extended to different tourist spots in Rajasthan. It is an open secret that compared to neighboring States of Haryana and Uttar Pradesh the transport network is far from satisfactory in Rajasthan. The State Road Transport and private transport network ought to be improved to the satisfaction of the tourists. For this quite a good number of deluxe buses and luxury coaches should be introduced to facilitate the flow of tourists in Rajasthan in general and Western Rajasthan in particular. The touristbuses should be suitably equipped with modern amenities for the convenience of the tourists. It is important to mention here that Western Rajasthan is a vast region having its own peculiarities. Barmer-Jaisalmer parliamentary area alone is almost equal to the area of Kerala State. That is yet another reason making this area inaccessible to the tourists. The tourists have a given schedule of stay in the country and they visit this part of the country almost at the end of this period. It is suggested that about a fortnight’s period may be given to them over and above the normal period so that they could visit the remote quarters of Western Rajasthan.
Coming to the problem of accommodation and lodging facilities vis-à-vis influx of thetourists in the Western Rajasthan since last ten years the picture is quite disappointing.To facilitate the comfortable stay of the touriststhe hotel industry should be given all possible encouragement. For building standard hotels and lodges the Government should earmark the suitable lands, financial assistance and other such subsidies which can encourage the hotel business communities and agencies to build enough accommodation for tourists. The hotel business communities in their turn should evolve code of good behavior towards the tourists and refrain themselves from the mentality of extorting money and creating bad impression about the country and its people.
Rajasthan in general and Western Rajasthan in particular is famous for its hospitality and respectful behavior towards the guests. Guests are always welcome like rains in the Western Rajasthan. In typical Marwari language the word Panvana stands as synonym for guests and Panvana means son-in-law. Therefore, it is quite natural that guests are treated at par with son-in- law. People now are forgetting gradually this worthy tradition and have started mocking at the incoming guests and tourists. They never hesitate in extorting as money as is possible on flimsy pretexts.This tendency should now come to a stop and the age old tradition of utmost hospitality be revived.The tourism department needs complete gearing of its administrative machinery to look into and solve various problems pertaining to lodging and transport of the tourists. The department ought to organize its activity in such a way that the tourist should be guided so that the tourists do not fall in the hands of unscrupulous people.The Government should make all arrangement in such a way that the tourists return with good impression about the country and its people in general. Only then they will encourage others to visit this glorious and wonderful country of ours.
The people of Rajasthan had been hearing since long that important tourist spots such as Jaisalmer, Abu Ranakpur, Osian etc. are going to be connected with air service. But unfortunately nothing had been done so far in this regard. Similarly no efforts to natural habitat. Perhaps Western Rajasthan is the only place in the world where protection of wild life and trees is regarded as a sacred duty or religion. The Bishnoi community is famous for its supreme sacrifices in this regard. This has led to the growth of wild life population and these animals are almost domesticated to the extentthat they feel no fear in approaching the visitors.Therefore, it is suggested that the entire region of Jodhpur, Jaisalmer and Bikaner be converted into wild life sanctuaries. Sardar Samand in Jodhpur and Sharda in Pali district attract birds of Central Asia and South Europe. The migration of the birds from these faraway places is being noticed every year. These places may also be developed at par with Bharatpur’s Ghana bird sanctuary. Similarly Guda, about twenty five kilometers away from Jodhpur is famous for its prized possession of Chinkara and black buck. This place should also be converted into sanctuary. For greater flow of tourists it may be suggested that the tourism department should plan the appropriate strategy. Several measures may be adopted to meet this objective such as:-

1.It should be determined that which country and area is prone to tourist activities for example countries like Britain, France and United States of America and other European countries send good number of tourists to visit Western Rajasthan. The Tourism Department should propagate the features of Western Rajasthan and places and things of especial interest to these countries.
2.Special cultural delegation of intellectuals, writers, journalists etc. should be invited by the Tourism Department to pay a visit to Western Rajasthan and educate the people of their respective countries regarding the cultural heritage of India in general and Rajasthan in particular.
3.Literature pertaining to history, tradition, art, culture, artifacts and handicrafts, natural phenomenon etc. be prepared and given wide publicity.
4.The maps of important tourist spots should be prepared incorporating details of these spots means of transport and communication available for the tourists. Lodging and boarding facilities and photographs of important objects such as monuments, sculptures, paintings, ornaments, musical instruments, objects of handicrafts etc. should be published in form of leaflets and handy books for the convenience of the tourists. Similarly calendars containing photographs of typical objects of Western Rajasthan be prepared and if possible distributed among the tourists and exhibited in hotels, railway stations, air ports, tourist lodges and other public places. At least a calendar incorporating the most important tourist spots of every district of Western Rajasthan be printed and distributed.
5.Handbooks and pamphlets in different languages of the world especially English and French are prepared to highlight the main features of tourism in Western Rajasthan. This should be done in such a way that when a tourist visits a particular place of interest he should have the feeling of some association with that place. In another words the tourist should be given

proper information and education regarding different places and objects of the tourist interest.
6.The tourist guides can play a big role in the development of tourist industry in
Western Rajasthan. They should not only be given proper education and training regarding the culture and tradition places
of historical interest, history of place and monuments and main features of art and
craft of Western Rajasthan but also they should be made committed the norms of their profession. They should have sense of involvement in the whole gamut of tourism, instead of taking it as a mere money making business. They should be
given excellent training in understanding, speaking and writing foreign languages such as English, French etc. They would not hesitate in helping the tourists in whatever little manner they could do and solve their minor problems in routine way. The educated youth are employed in tourism industry to meet the twin ends of solving unemployment problem of the country and development of tourist industry.
7.The problem of beggars is a menace for the country as a whole and it affects the tourists also in its own way. This is a social evil and the solution should be found to meet it in an appropriate way. The tourism department should make arrangement to keep the tourist spots free from beggars, thieves and cheats and discourage all such nasty activities. They not only bring bad name to our country but also hamper the tourist influx in the country.
8.It has been observed that the festivals and melas are organized by the tourist department have not yielded the desired results. A large amount of money is being spent on them every year. Instead of these festivals and melas the tourist department should organize symposia and seminars to highlight the features of tourist interest. Competitions of different types such as photography, music, handicrafts etc be organized and given due publicity.
9.The technology of audio-visual system be pressed in to service to present features of history and life of the people of Rajas than who are quite district from others in several respects. The radio and television should give due coverage to these features. It is the pins duty of the journalists of Rajasthan to highlight its culture and tradition by writing articles and publishing photographs in newspapers and magazines.
Source:IMJT Journal Dr Irfan Mehar report

by Rohit

rural-sports-in-rajasthan-1-638

In India and Rajasthan Sports & sports person should be consider “National Pride” like in China and South Korea

20/04/2016 in Sports

India’s Poor performance in international Sports events is a serious concern for all sports lovers. After every
international events, be it Asian Games, the commonwealth Games or Olympic Games, a lot of hue and cry is raised in Parliament, in the public and in the press. Why is it that, India which ranks third highest in trained scientific and technical
manpower, next only to the USA and USSR, lags behind even small nations like the Germany or Japan. A vast country like India with a population of more than 100 crores, performs so poorly in international events, when small countries like South Korea with hardly a twentieth of India’s population have own more gold medals then the total of this country’s gold, silver and bronze medals put together.

India, which is the second largest country in terms of population and seventh largest in terms of area in the entire
world has not performed very well in the Olympic Games. Till 1986 Seoul Asian Games, India has stood record in the First Asian in Delhi, Fourth in Second Asiad in Manila, Seventh in Third Asiad in Tokyo, Fourth in Fourth Asiad in Jakarta, Sixth in Fifth Asiad in Bangkok, Sixth in Sixth Asiad in Bangkok, Sixth in Seventh Asiad in Teheran, Sixth in Eighth Asiad in Bangkok, and Seventh in Ninth Asian in New Delhi in terms of medal tally. However, in the tenth Asiad at Seoul, India ranked first in the medal tally. But, it was again relegated to the eleventh position in the Eleventh Asiad at Beijing. In the 12th Asian Games held in Hiroshima in 1994. India’s performance was again dismal, though it was placed in the 8th Position in the medals tally. While analysing the reasons for India’s poor performance in sports, one can not avoid comparing it with that of China, Japan and South Korea. China has made a big leap in the sports arena and it can be described as the world’s sports super power today. South Korea too is not far behind. In China, it is a national pride. The coordinated efforts of various sports organizations involved in sports promotion and creation of infrastructure from the grassroot level, intensive training are the secret of their success. Children in China are involved in sports right from the early school age. They are provided enough incentives with a view to motivating them to take up sports as a career. The sports federations in China are run on professional lines and are generally needed by former record-holders in various sports disciplines.
The Rajkumari sports coaching scheme was initiated in 1953 and after eight years was merged with the National Coaching Scheme of the National Institute of Sports at Patiala. The NIS began to impart coaching in all disciplines and secured the services of renowned coaches from abroad to train Indian Coaches. The other nations in Asia, Europe and America continued to consolidate the lead they had in the sports arena. As compared to this, there has been deterioration in India’s performance over the years despite spending considerable money and creating necessary infrastructure in the country.

by Rohit

Decentralization1

Decentralization :- Luni in Rajasthan near Jodhpurs starts its journey for development.

29/03/2016 in Decentralization

Luni now got its own wheels to move forward in the path of development.

by Rohit

Hospital

Phalodi, Bilara, Oasia and Pipad struggling for Health: No Doctores avaliable for Treatment in Western Rajasthan

18/03/2016 in Healthcare

In the population of more than 1 lakhs only 50 beds are available. No doctors are available to  attend the people

by Rohit

Highcourt

हाई कोर्ट मे भी पिछड़ा राजस्थान का युवा रोजगार पाने में :राजस्थानी भाषा

16/03/2016 in Employment, Rajasthani Language

To resolve the issue the government should include the Rajasthani Languages otherwise days are not far away when Rajasthani boys will  remain unemployed .

by Rohit

Stadium

बरकतुल्लाह खान स्टेडियम : सचिन की सेंचुरी भी नहीं बचा सकी जोधपुर के स्टेडियम को राजनीति से

14/03/2016 in Sports

Barkatullah Khan Stadium is located in Jodhpur, Rajasthan. It is currently used mostly for cricket.

The stadium was established in 1986/87 but has been used only sporadically. The stadium’s current capacity is 30,000 people and the ends are called Cox Cutir End and Regidency Road End. It became India’s 35th ground to host a one-dayer, while Jodhpur became India’s 31st venue to host an ODI.

Now this ground has flood lights fitted by GE electric and capacity is enhanced up to 30,000 and world class newly developed team dressing rooms, also new stands for camera to set best live coverage

ANSHUMAN SHUKLA was 10th in the queue, after having joined it at 11 in the night for the match to start 10 hours later. He had spent the night outside the Green Park, not to grab a vantage seat but, as he put it, to get into the enclosure in one piece. After all, he had spent hours in trying to procure the match ticket, pushing and jostling to reach the counter at one of the banks. His misery had just begun.

In India, the ticket-buying spectator is the last priority for everyone, from the Board officials to players to police. From the time he buys a ticket, the cricket lover becomes part of the circle which swells the coffers of the administrators and the players but leaves him fending for himself.

A one-day international at any venue in India is a carnival which politicians, bureaucrats, and above all policemen, must watch free. It is a disgusting trend which leaves the cricket administrators helpless for they are dependant on these three sections of society for so-called smooth conduct of cricket matches.

There can be no greater hindrance than the police, brash and rude uniformly, in the smooth conduct of a cricket match. In places like Kanpur, Jaipur, Cuttack, Jodhpur, the police has allegedly been interfering with the official work and behaving in a high handed manner. The police virtually holds the local organisation to ransom in the name of making security arrangements, leaving the poor spectator in discomfort.

It is no secret that the local officials go underground during one-day matches, especially in Cuttack and Kanpur to avoid harrassment from the police and pass seekers. One can understand the pitiable position of Uttar Pradesh Cricket Association (UPCA) secretary, Mr. Jyoti Bajpai, who ends up repairing portions of his house after every international match in Kanpur, a `reward’ from those denied free passes.

It is pertinent to note that the itinerant cricket reporters rarely get to meet the secretaries of the staging associations on the eve of the match but they surface appropriately at the prize distribution ceremony, not to forget the toss where officials, photographers, members of the media and the police invade the square. There is this irritating official from the Delhi and District Cricket Association (DDCA) who revels in placing himself at the right spot to figure in the television shots and pictures in newspapers.

Back to the poor spectator. He occupies the seat a good two to three hours before the match and waits to be treated with disdain by the police and the cricket officials, who, for years, have done little to improve the facilities for the paying public. The attitude of the police is what leaves one disappointed. “Cricket in India is organised for policemen I think” said a dejected Rahul Rastogi, a student who saved money to buy ticket to the Green Park but was thrown out because there was no space inside. What a shame that his valid ticket, bought after considerable toil, failed to gain him entry when all and sundry were escorted by the police in connivance with the local officials.

At the Green Park, the Barabati Stadium, the Ferozeshah Kotla, the Sawai Man Singh Stadium, the Barkatullah Khan Stadium, the story is the same. It is the khaki uniform which calls the shots even as the Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) turns its back on the problems facing the spectators or the media. Officials like Raj Singh Dungarpur take great pride in narrating their passion for the game but come a cropper when pressed to list the progress made in terms of providing facilities to the two most important sections associated with the game-the press and the public. The Board secretary Mr. J. Y. Lele chooses the easy way out “it is the problem of the local association” but as a parent body the Board does little to improve things.

At Jodhpur, the National selectors were embarrassed and aghast as the observer appointed by the Board refused to issue passes to them. The reason : how to recognise them? The local association allotted an ill- equipped hotel for the selectors and the Board could do little about it. In recent times Jaipur and Mohali have provided better facilities for the selectors, and spectators too.

Why are spectators treated like cattle at international matches? Does a cricket lover not deserve decent treatment for supporting the game by buying a ticket to the match than those who sit in complimentary comfort. No roof from the scorching sun, drinking water highly priced, seat not guaranteed. The Board is least concerned about the paying public.

It is strange that the police, in all these years, has not learnt to control the trouble makers in the crowd and has treated everyone similarly. At many centres, women have stayed away for lack of security and genuine lovers of the game prefer the television at home. At least the fear of being caned or being driven out of the venue is not there when you follow action on television.

The lack of training is the main cause for police failing to control crowd invasion and missile throwing. Instead of facing the crowd, they happily engross themselves in the game and wake up when a missile lands or an invader beats the so-called security cordon. And then they chase and whip him, inviting more missiles. The scene at Jodhpur was most distressing for the organisers who had worked hard to stage the first one- day international at the Barkatullah Khan Stadium.

It is time the local officials, provided the Board is interested, took steps to ensure the paying public is treated with respect. And the police too must realise the responsibility towards the organisers and show compassion when dealing with those who flock to the venue to cheer their heroes.

Policemen trained in crowd control should be posted at cricket venues and not those who just prefer watching the contest.

The staging associations will need to protect cricket lovers like Anshuman Shukla and Rahul Rastogi, unsung but priceless contributors to the popularity of the game. They better act fast or else be prepared, at some time in the near future, for cricket to be reduced to a TV sport. How long would anyone suffer humiliation despite holding valid tickets to the match!

by Rohit

steel in jodhpur

स्टील इंडस्ट्री को पीछे ले जाता एंट्री टैक्स : सबसे ज्यादा स्टील प्रोडक्ट देता है जोधपुर पुरे देश को

13/03/2016 in Development, Industrial Development

सरकार जोधपुर के स्टील उद्योग को बड़ा सकती है अगर यहा एंट्री टैक्स को काम कर दे असीम रोजगार के अवसर उपलब्ध हो सकते है अगर जोधपुर को कस्टम ड्यूटी को काम किया जाये . जोधपुर पुरे भारत को और विदेशो में स्टील बर्तनो ,शीट और हेंडीक्राफ्ट आइटम के लिए अप्प्णी पहचान रखता है

by Rohit

balotra

More than 7 Lakh people waiting for Balotra as District for last Five decades

09/03/2016 in Decentralization, Development

बालोतरा को इस बार के बजट में भी सिटी का दर्जा न मिलने से  पश्चिमी राजस्थान में निराशा की लहर है

Balotra to become a district was started in the year 1964 . All previous and old MPs and MLA also assured them to decentralized the power and announce Balotra as district . Area wise Barmer is second largest district in Rajasthan . RTO office is located in Barmer.If we want to make licence in Balotra we have to travel more than 100 KM . Balotra is already completing all the parameter to become the district.

Balotra is famous for its textile and printing industry.Tourist also get attracted by deserts festival Tilwara and Nakoda Jain Temple . It is very near to Jodhpur.

Barmer is even larger than Manipur,Tripura  and Sikkim . If we reduce the distance then it will expedite the development of  Balotra and neighboring village.

Center government also get  easy and early result. Hope in this budget 2016 we get something from our Finance Minister Mr Arun Jaitley .

by Rohit

pak_signal_pic

Jaisalmer People getting strong mobile signal from Pakistan :Reason for using Pakistan Sim

09/03/2016 in Development

 

JAISALMER: The district administration has banned the use of Pakistani SIM cards in Jaisalmer to contain illegal activities along the Indo-Pak border here.

Mobile towers installed in Pakistan’s border have strong signal connectivity with its local sim and hence it was necessary to ban it with immediate effect, an official said today quoting the district Collector and Magistrate Vishwa Mohan Sharma’s order.

sim
Indian Government need to install  more telephone tower in border area. On other side Pakistan had total connectivity and proper infrastructure as compared to Indian border.
Rather then Banning the sim government understand the reason behind for using the Pakistan Sim by Border People.

With Pakistan installing new mobile phone towers along the 270 km border in Barmer despite objection from India, the administration has banned the use of Pakistani mobile SIM cards in the district.

The step comes after the issue was raised during the meeting of the Internal Security Committee recently.

The Indo-Pak border at Barmer.

Pakistani mobile phone network has a penetration of 30-40 km in Indian territory.”This network penetration can be a threat to security as it can be used by smugglers or for any other anti-national activities,” district collector Gaurav Goyal said.He said that security agencies wanted the use of mobile SIMs from Pakistan to be declared an offence as it is not an easy task for them to track the calls made from such SIMs.

“Considering this apprehension of the agencies, we, using the powers under Cr.PC, declared the use of Pakistani SIMs in Barmer an offence,” Goyal said.

Superintendent of Police Santosh Chalke said the network of Pakistani mobile companies has been traced in many villages along Barmer border starting from Gujrat frontier like Bhakhasar, Pipala, Krishna ka Tala, Janpalia, Kabul ki Dhani, Sajjan ka Par, Surte ki Dhani and Munabao.

“If any person uses the mobile SIM of Pakistan in these areas, we can not intercept such calls or monitor such conversation.

“The issue came up many times during discussions with security agencies and on the basis of these discussions, we requested the district administration to make the use of Pakistani SIMs in the region a punishable offence,” he said.

The SP said this “will atleast discourage the use of such SIMs in Indian territory, if any”.

During flag meetings, the BSF has registered its protest with Pakistan over installation of mobile towers along the border but it did not heed the requests and has recently increased the number of mobile towers along the border, said a BSF official.

by Rohit

no-train-sign-icon-great-any-use-vector-eps-vectors-icons-set-50141413

No train for Jodhpur to Udaipur after Independence

08/03/2016 in Development

JU/Jodhpur to UDZ/Udaipur City: 0 Trains – India Rail Info

 

1. Re: Best Train Connection Udaipur to Jodhpur?

Dear ,

From Udaipur to Jodhpur No direct train.

Chhotaram Prajapat

by Rohit

health

बाड़मेर में मरीजों को कोई देखने वाला नहीं रविवार को

07/03/2016 in Healthcare

Why doctors not attending the OPD patience  in Barmer on Holiday ??

by Rohit

Cummins

जीरा किसानो के दर्द को कम करने के लिए क्या केंद्र और राज्य सरकार मुवावजा देगी

07/03/2016 in Environment

Rain destroy the cummins and isabgol will be the huge loss for western Rajasthan.

by Rohit

jpls2

Rajasthan Sleeping when GE and Alstom selected Bihar for 40,000 Crore Railway Project.

03/03/2016 in Employment, Industrial Development

 

Railways awards Rs.40,000 crore of projects in Bihar to GE, Alstom

Bihar got two major foreign direct investment (FDI) projects in railways .
US-based GE got the contract for the Rs 14,656 crore diesel locomotive factory at Marhowra, 81 km north of state capital Patna. French transport giant Alstom got the electric locomotive project, worth Rs 20,000 crore in Madhepura, about 280 km northeast of Patna.

These are the first major projects of their kind in the sector. They have been awarded less than two months after the Prime Minister’s Office (PMO) pulled up Railways Minister Suresh Prabhu for lack of progress in major projects in the sector.

“Indian Railways has taken a giant leap in making ‘Make in India’ a success by issuing the Letter of Award (LoA) for setting up a diesel locomotive factory at Marhowra and procurement and maintenance of mainline diesel electric locomotives to GE Global Sourcing India,” Railway Board’s Member (Mechanical) Hemant Kumar said.

With the government allowing 100 per cent FDI in the railways, the infrastructure of the most important mode of public transport in the country is likely to get a major boost with the setting up of these two joint venture projects.

Both projects were announced by former railway minister Lalu Prasad – whose Rashtriya Janata Dal won big in Bihar – in 2007 but got mired in delays and controversies and could not take off.

Prabhu had asked the Board to speed the two major FDI projects, officials said.

In a statement, GE said the deal – the largest it has landed in a century in the country – reinforces India’s position as a global manufacturing destination. The company will also build maintenance sheds at Bhatinda in Punjab and Gandhidham in Gujarat.

It said the project would prove to be a major boost for railway’s modernisation efforts and will provide skill development opportunities for local talent. “This infrastructure project is further evidence of India’s position as a growth engine for Asia,” GE Chairman and CEO Jeff Immelt said.

Apart from GE, three other companies – including US-based Electro-Motive Diesel and two Chinese firms – were in the race for the Marhowra project.

The Chinese firms were disqualified by the railway ministry and the request for proposal (RFP) was issued to the two shortlisted bidders on 11 March. The final bid was opened on 1 September.

Now, a joint venture (JV) company, with the railway minister and GE together, will be set up to construct and run the Marhowra factory.

“The railway ministry will have 26 per cent equity in the JV company, subject to a maximum of Rs 100 crore. Railways has completed the acquisition of 226 acres of land for this project. The factory is expected to be established within the next three years at a cost of Rs 1,000 crore,” Kumar said.

The company will work on an assured off-take model of 100 locomotives per annum for 10 years. The basis cost of 1,000 freight locos will be around Rs 14,656 crore. The company will also maintain the locomotives for 13 years, after which the Indian Railways will take over. The locomotives will also support the upcoming dedicated freight corridors on the Delhi-Mumbai and Delhi-Kolkata routes. The ministry said the project will lead to setting up of support ancillary industries in Bihar, promote fuel efficiency through latest technology and push indigenisation of production within two to three years of commencing operations. As part of the pact, GE will import 100 locomotives and manufacture the rest 900 at the factory.

A senior railway ministry official said as part of the Madhepura contract, Alstom will supply 800 locomotives over 10 years. Apart from manufacturing 80 locomotives a year, the company will maintain them for 12 years.

by Rohit

the_12_sports

Whether Rajasthan have capacity to become Olympics sports factory for India

29/02/2016 in Sports

Rajasthan Sports

Sports always counts with the bravery and culture of Rajasthan. With a full enthusiastic sporting spirit, Rajasthan has a tradition of sporting culture. With its trational games, there are some royal games also which was a status symbol of Rajasthani rulers.

Horse riding, kite flying, gulli danda, shooting, archery, camel riding were some of the sports and activities in Rajasthan which have always been the way of spending leisure time. Now sports like cricket, polo, atheletics replace some of the traditional games of Rajasthan.

Rajasthan produces many sportsmen for the country. Wrestler Guru Hanuman, shooting champion His Highness Maharaja Karni Singh and Rajyavardhan Singh Rathore, Padma Sri awardee squash champion Bhuvneshwari Kumari are some of few names of the long list of sportsmen of Rajasthan.

List of Awards in Rajasthan

  • Arjun Awards
  • Guru Dronacharya Awards
  • Gru Vashisth Awards
  • Khel Ratna Awards
  • Maharana Pratap Awards
  • Padam Shree Awards
  • Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna Awards

Stadiums in Rajasthan

Sawai Mansingh Stadium, Jaipur – International Cricket Stadium

Barkatullah Khan Stadium, Jodhpur – International Cricket Stadium

Chaugan Stadium, Jaipur – Venue of festivals

Sports Authority in Rajasthan

Rajasthan State Sport Council is the supreme council in Rajasthan state which takes care of the youth and sports department of Rajasthan. It was established in 1958

List of Awards in Rajasthan

  • Arjun Awards
  • Guru Dronacharya Awards
  • Gru Vashisth Awards
  • Khel Ratna Awards
  • Maharana Pratap Awards
  • Padam Shree Awards
  • Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna Awards

Stadiums in Rajasthan

Sawai Mansingh Stadium, Jaipur – International Cricket Stadium

Barkatullah Khan Stadium, Jodhpur – International Cricket Stadium

Chaugan Stadium, Jaipur – Venue of festivals

Sports Authority in Rajasthan

Rajasthan State Sport Council is the supreme council in Rajasthan state which takes care of the youth and sports department of Rajasthan. It was established in 1958.

Case Study of Mizoram

This is the off-season in Mizoram. But if you weren’t told that, you’d think otherwise.League play-off being fiercely contested at the Assam Rifles’ Lammual Stadium and it’s being telecast live across the state, in HD no less. In between the two legs of the series, the ground staff is meticulously re-marking the touchlines and penalty areas with fresh white paint — the Santosh Trophy (senior Nationals) qualifying round will be kicking off soon and that is serious business for the locals here. A double-header with arch-rivals Manipur will be the main draw.
Football is everywhere in Mizoram. In 2014 when they won the senior Nationals surprising all observers, TOI was the first to highlight this silent revolution in the state, and how Mizoram could be the flagship example for all of the north-east. A closer look reveals a well-oiled assembly line.

Every afternoon, you can spot kids trooping in to do all that a kid with a ball would do, under the benign gaze of the academy coaches. Mizoram is the pilot project under FIFA’s Grassroots Project and in startling egalitarianism, Luangmual stadium’s artificial turf set up in 2011, belongs to simply everyone who wishes to make use of it.

Elsewhere, Aizawl FC is swiftly getting accustomed to life in the big league. They’ve just sacked their Spaniard manager Manuel Retamero Fraile for the little-known Jahar Das. Then, as the results still don’t come, they jettison Japanese striker Atsushi Yonezawa for Nigerian Sunday Ayeni. The club has just hosted Shillong Lajong, and awaits Mumbai FC almost immediately.

All this activity, undertaken with a missionary zeal, takes some getting used to. In another world, clubs are shutting down, fans bases and corporate sponsorships dwindling.

And in all this, seemingly unaffected by it all, is Mizoram, proving the exception to the trend. To think that they have been successfully conducting a highly-popular semi-professional league since 2012, with an investment of a mere Rs 25 lakh per season, flies in the face of the argument that modern-day football needs huge investments.

But Mizoram didn’t realise just how good they were until they saw themselves on television. The Mizos, short and sprightly, always knew that they had the ability but seldom found themselves within a shouting distance of their neighbours, most notably Manipur which was, at the turn of the century, ‘exporting’ quality footballers to the mainland by the dozens.

Today, Mizoram can claim to have surpassed the pioneers. At the time of writing, Mizoram had edged out a strong Manipur to make the finals of the Nationals in Nagpur. That’s not all. As many as 42 Mizo footballers featured in the line-ups of the nine I-League teams this season — a good 20% of the player-share. This is in addition to the slew of National titles — they followed up the 2014 victory with a semifinal finish last year and are favourites for this edition in Nagpur — and top-four finishes in all age-groups that Mizoram have notched up since 2010, making them the most sought-after footballers from a single region in the country. Today, they regularly send their youngsters to be groomed in academies in Pune, Chandigarh and Goa.

In the 800-odd villages across its eight districts, you can be sure to find a football field, a church and a well-fed sow behind each house. Patches of forest would have been cleared, in some cases, gorges cut and levelled, to create space for a football field and two goalposts. Crucially, these are all clay or mud fields since Mizoram has no natural grass and this is where the state government stepped in and created artificial turfs across the state. Six in all, two are actively operational in Aizawl alone.

For over two decades, Mizoram’s youth had little to do in the afterhours. Aizawl shuts down each day at 6pm (more than half of Mizoram’s 1.2 million live in the capital city). The evening ennui coincided with the explosion of cable television — soaps, Korean and Burmese, were translated in the local Mizo language and ran on primetime. Football needed no translating, and so as the sun set on the Mizo hills, the European leagues came to life, hooking an already-football crazy race further on the game.

 

by Rohit

Decentralization

Decentralization of Parliament

28/02/2016 in Decentralization, Lok Sabha, Vidhan Sabha

Congress MP Rajeev Satav on Sunday favoured holding Parliament sessions alternately in three major metros besides the national capital, an idea first mooted by former Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee.

Satav, Lok Sabha member from Hingoli in Maharashtra, said such a move would help promote national integration and connect people better to the “idea and ideals” of the Indian republic. Satav told PTI that the idea was first floated by BJP patriarch Atal Bihari Vajpayee, who wanted Parliament sessions to be held alternately in Mumbai, Kolkata and Chennai, besides New Delhi, long back, and the present NDA government can help fulfil the dream of the elder statesman

Besides, holding Parliament sessions in the four metros located in four corners of the country will also convey a strong message about federalism and decentralisation, key ingredients for a strong democracy.

http://www.dnaindia.com/india/report-congress-mp-wants-parliament-sessions-in-three-metros-besides-delhi-2183553

by Rohit

rajasthani

Detail 2011 Report on Rajasthani Languages by Kakali Mukherjee

28/02/2016 in Rajasthani Language

Marwari is a speech of a community called Marwari (alternatively Marvari, Marwadi, Marvadi etc.) mainly in the state of Rajasthan of Indian Union. The language as well as the community is also found in the neighbouring state of Gujarat and in some adjacent areas of Pakistan. In Rajasthan the Marwari people live mainly in Jodhpur, Bikaner, Barmer, Nagaur, Pali and almost all the districts of Rajasthan.

Family Affiliation

In Linguistic Survey of India by Sir George Abraham Grierson Marwari has been attested as one of the dialects of Rajasthani language that belongs to the Central group of Inner Indo-Aryan languages. Rajasthani is comprised of Western, Central-Eastern, North- Eastern and South-Eastern dialect groups. Marwari is the principal member of Western Rajasthani dialect which is spoken in various forms in Marwar, Mewar, Eastern Sindh, Jaisalmer, South Punjab and north-west of Jaipur state. Jaipuri and Harauti mainly constitute the Central-Eastern Rajasthani whereas Mewati and Ahirwati comprise the north-eastern Rajasthani group and Malvi being the principal member of South-eastern dialect meets Bundeli (a Western Hindi dialect) to its east and Gujarati to its west. The other member of this South-eastern group is Nimadi (LSI, Vol.IX Part II, pp 1-3). In ‘Language Handbook on Mother tongues in Census’ by R.C. Nigam. Marwari has been classified as ‘the principal dialect of Western Rajasthan spread along a wide area and also written as a common form of speech by the native speakers who are found spread along all over country. Marwari is known to have several traits showing affinity with Sindhi” (1971, pp-162-163). Dr. L.P. Tessitori in his ‘Notes on the Grammar of the Old Western Rajasthani with special reference to Apabhramsa and to Gujarati and Marwari’ has opined that Marwari language along with Gujarati is affiliated to Old Western Rajasthani which is the immediate off spring of the Sauraseni Apabhramsa (1914 -1916 ; p-1). Marwari is included in Wikipedia (the free encyclopaedia) as the largest member of Rajasthani cluster of western dialects of Hindusthani. However, in Indian Census Marwari has been appearing as a member of Rajasthani language till 1961. The treatment has undergone changes from 1971 census onwards when Marwari along with Rajasthani has been classified as one of the mother tongues grouped under Hindi language.

LOCATION

According to Grierson, Marwari is bounded by the “Eastern dialects of Rajasthani (of which Jaipuri is the Standard) on the east; on the south-east it is bounded by Malvi dialect of Rajasthani and a number of Bhili dialects; on the south-west it is bounded by Gujarati. On the west Marwari meets with Sindhi”. And “on the north-west Marwari merges into Punjabi and the Bangaru dialect of Western Hindi through Bagri” (LSI Vol.IX Part-II, p-16). Presently, Marwari is spoken in the state of Rajasthan which is constituted of 32 districts according to 2001 census, being the latest published census report. It is spoken also in Maharashtra, Gujarat with considerable number of speakers. In the year of 1829 the word “Rajasthan” first came into use by Sir Colonel Tod in his well known book “Annals and Antiquities of Rajasthan” which gradually gained popularity and was consequently accepted by the Indian National Congress prior to Independence of India. The same has been accepted by the Government of India after Independence of the country. Rajasthan became a full fledged state on 1st November, 1956 through a process of state formation effected from 28th February of 1948. The present Rajasthan state covers an area of 342,274 square kilomtres (Census of India, 2001, Primary Census Abstract) and is situated in the North-West direction of the country. As a state it is bounded by Uttar Pradesh state in the east and from east to south by Madhya Pradesh while the South-Western boundary is marked by the state of Gujarat. The west of Rajasthan meets the area of Sind (at present Sindh is beyond the territory of Independent India). Haryana and Punjab are the two states marked as the northern boundary of Rajasthan.

Keeping this geographic surrounding of Rajasthan state in view it can be said that starting from east to west via south and from south to north via west, Marwari is bounded by the Hindi dialects gradually assimilating with Gujarati through Bhili/Bhilodi on its way from east to west and that from western tract to northern tract Marwari meets Sindhi, Lahnda and Punjabi.

SPEAKERS’ STRENGTH: Language – Mother Tongue – Bilingualism

Till 1961 Census Marwari has been treated as a dialect of Rajasthani which has changed in subsequent Censuses. Since 1971 Census it has been classified and presented as a grouped mother tongue of Hindi – one of the 22 Scheduled Languages of Indian Union – . According to latest Census of 2001, the Marwari is spoken by 79,36,183 speakers in India and they are majorly concentrated in the states of Rajasthan, Maharashtra and Gujarat. The following is the distribution of Marwari along with Rural-Urban break-up as per 2001 Census.

Rajasthani speaking people

District wise record

BILINGUALISM

Information on bilingualism in Marwari or any mother tongue grouped under Hindi has not been appearing in Indian Census since 1971 onwards as Marwari bilingual figures are clubbed with bilingual returns of Hindi language. Hence the information on bilingual/trilingual returns of Hindi language include the information/returns of Marwari also in the published Census data from 1971-2001. The individual bilingual figures of Marwari last appeared in Indian census in 1961, according to which the bilingual returns of Marwari both in India and Rajasthan ar e as follows:1961 Rajasthani survey

Accordingly, it is established that Hindi language speakers are majorly bilingual in English which is applicable to Marwari also, being a mother tongue of Hindi. English language is followed by Urdu language by Marwari as well as Hindi speakers as a language of bilingualism. Hence, the influence of Urdu may be realized in Marwari in perceivable quantity.

SOCIOLINGUISTIC SITUATION/ INFORMATION

The first and foremost distinguishing feature so far as sociology of Marwari language is concerned that throughout the Rajasthan state, whether consciously or unconsciously, people avoid using or uttering the names of the dialects like Marwari, Harauti, Mewari, Mewati etc. Instead, people feel encouraged to identify themselves as speakers of ‘Rajasthani’ only, whether he be a Marwari or Mewati or Mewari or Malvi or so on. And this trend is general irrespective of linguistic dimension or any socio-political or others dimension. Prior to Independence of India the Marwari speaking area was larger among the Rajputana Agency. Moreover, the people of Marwar have dispersed into the various parts of India as well as abroad, mainly in connection with business and industry, for which the term “Marwari” has become most popular and widely known by the people. The general use of the name “Marwari” has been co-termed for “Rajasthani” language and literature. After the independence of India when the states of India were reorganized under State Reorganisation Act, 1956 the people of Rajasthan expected that Rajasthani will be recognized as the language of the state. Out of this expectation the people of Rajasthan consciously adopted the strategy for promoting “Rajasthani” at all level in the whole province under which “Rajasthani” is used consciously and awarely to distinguish as the language of Rajasthan. Marwari along with other mentioned mother tongues are treated as the varieties of “Rajasthani” along with the acceptance of Marwari as the written/literary variety of Rajasthani language. The people of Rajasthan have become aspirant that by implementing this strategy of identifying themselves and their language as “Rajasthani” in the near future it will gain the status of one of the Scheduled Languages in India at par with other Scheduled Languages of Indian Union. Further, the name ‘Marwari’ is traced back to the old and popular name(s) of Rajasthani like Maru Bhasha, Marubhum Bhasha, Marwadi Bhasha, Maru Bani etc. The name ‘Rajasthani’ is the later one which has been named after the name of the state i.e. Rajasthan. But Marwadi/Marwari is widely popular as well as famous name than Rajasthani. For its use in Dingal Literature (a form of Rajasthani literature since 15th century) Marwari or Maru Bhasha was treated as identical with Dingal and was considered as the most important among the dialects spoken in Rajasthan. Rajasthani, as such, is better known through its several dialects (like Marwari, Mewari, Jaipuri or Dhundhari, Harauti, Mewati, Ahirwati, Malvi etc.) than Rajasthani language itself. However, presently Sahitya Academy, National Academy of Letters, University Grants Commission recognize ‘Rajasthani’ as the individual language which is taught in the University of Jodhpur and Udaipur as well as which is an optional subject under the Rajasthan Board of Secondary Education since 1973. Moreover, Marwari has been considered as the language of the oldest, richest, varied and unbroken literary tradition among the five branches of Rajasthani namely, 1. Marwari-Mewari,2. Jaipuri-Harauti, 3. Mewati-Ahirwati, 4. Malvi, 5. Bhili or Wagdi (Bagadi). Marwari has achieved the form of poetic speech as well as the standard variety through its use in literature for about last 500 years (Maheswari, 1980, pp-12-13). † Keeping this sociolinguistic scenario as the background in the state of Rajasthan the over all sociolinguistic situation prevailing in the ‘Marwari’ speaking region is presented in the following dimensions based on the survey conducted in Rajasthan during the period 21st April, 1998 to 16th June 1998 in connection with the Linguistic Survey of India – Rajasthan scheme. 1. Marwari as a ‘L1’ in the home domain In the home domain Marwari is used as a mother tongue in the ‘parent-ego children’ situation. The usage varies since the so called pure Marwari is restricted among the older generation people and it has started reshaping in the tongue of the younger generation Marwaris whose speech is a kind of Marwari mixed with Hindi, the superposed variety and the official language of the state of Rajasthan. 2. Marwari as L1 in domain other than home Marwari is used in the public places, locality and the market where even the non- Marwaris come down to Marwari in their interaction with Marwari brethren. 3. Marwari in the domain of education It has already been discussed that consciously people of Rajasthan are avoiding the use of the term “Marwari” for the sake of Rajasthani though the language used in literature and other written documents is mainly Marwari – a variety of Rajasthani. †Footnote The five-tier classification of Rajasthani as pointed out by Dr, Hiralal Maheswari in History of Rajasthan literature (1980 p-12-13) is the following 1. Marwari – Mewari – spoken in the Jodhpur, Bikaner, Jaisalmer, Udaipur, Sirohi, Sekhawati region of Jaipur, part of Kishangarh and Ajmer – Mewara, some parts of Punjab and Haryana around the district of Ganganagar with slight variations; 2. Jaipuri – Harauti – a popular speech spoken in Jaipur (Except Sekhawati), Tonk, Part of Kishangarh and Ajmer-Mewara and the Harauti regions including Bundi, Kota, Jhalwar; 3. Mewati – Ahirwati – spoken in Bharatpur, Alwar, some parts of Gurgaon in Haryana and Mathura in Uttar Pradesh (It carries slight influences of Brajbhasha and Hariani). ; 4. Malwi – having the characteristics of Marwari and Jaipuri – Harauti is spoken in the Malwa region of Madhya Pradesh. (It has a slight tinge of Gujarati as well as Marathi and Bundeli) ; 5. Bhili or Wagadi – popularly spoken in Dungarpur, Banswara and some parts of Mewar. It is slightly influenced by Gujarati. Relevantly it may be mentioned also that Banjari and Gujari, spoken in different parts of the country, have affinity with Rajasthani, as most of the Banjaras and Gujars were originally the residents of Rajasthan.

In schools under Rajasthan Board the same Marwari variety is taught in the name of Rajasthani narratives and poems as the main vernacular paper up to Secondary level. For Senior Secondary i.e. XIth and XIIth standard the same Marwari variety of Rajasthani is taught as an optional subject for vernacular. In B.A. Degree course Rajasthani is an optional subject. In Jay Narayan Vyas University at Jodhpur and in Sukharia University at Udaipur there is a full fledged department of Rajasthani from where M.A., M. Phil., Ph.D.. degree and D.Litt in Rajasthani are awarded. In the University of Rajasthan at Jaipur, Rajasthani is an individual paper under Hindi M.A. course. In addition to this, UGC has recognized Rajasthani as a separate subject for NET and the Department of Education of Government of Rajasthan has sanctioned few projects on Rajasthani among which “Rajasthani Folklore” project coordinated by the Department of Rajasthani of Jay Narayan Vyas University is mentioanable one. In state Public Service Commission, Ajmer there is an individual compulsory paper on ‘Rajasthani language-literature-culture’ for 100 marks. Leaving aside the educational institutions in the state of Rajasthan there is an autonomous body named “Rajasthani Language Academy” at Bikaner established and funded by Government of Rajasthan which is working sincerely to promote the linguistic-literary and cultural activities in Rajasthani language. Some of the most remarkable literary magazines published from this Academy are Jagti Jodh, Sodh Patrika, Maru bharati etc. which cover the linguistic as well as grammatical features of language communities, literary, cultural, social aspect, specially, of the state of Rajasthan.

4. Use of Marwari as ‘L2’

Among the people of Rajasthan, that too, especially, among the so-called Rajasthani speech-community, generally the Marwari variety of Rajasthani is used for common interaction whether he happens to be Jaipuri or Mewati or Harauti or any one else. And in the cultural assembly, or meeting or any discussion on literature/language of Rajasthan, the Marwari is used by the participants as the lingua franca. But in the common gatherings where both the Rajasthanis and non-Rajasthanis assemble Hindi is commonly used for interaction.

Use of Marwari in Judiciary

 

In rural court – the pleading is processed in Marwari or in relevant local dialect

In Sub-Divisional court – The pleading proceeds in Marwari/relevant local dialect & or Hindi or English according to the convenience in

In Tahsildar Court language use of the person concerned be he the Advocate or the accused.

In District Courts – Hindi/English is the main language of the court but the evidence is permissible in local dialect.

In High Court – The principal language from pleading to delivery of Judgement is English although hearing and cross- examination are done in Hindi and English either according to the situation.

Of course, if the plaintiff or the defendant is a rural one he is heard and cross- examined in Marwari/or relevant local dialect with the help of interpreter

Use of Marwari in Assembly

In Assembly of the Sate of Rajasthan, Hindi is the ‘lingua franca’ though communication in Rajasthani local dialects is also privileged.

Script

The script of Marwari presently is Devanagari. An older Marwari as well as Rajasthani script also is traced which is popularly known as Modi/Modiya/Muriya / Mhajani / Vaniyavati etc. The character of this script is like Gujarati script since the script characterizes without overhead line. Even today the old rural people are used to write in this script only. But now the younger generation and specially the literate people have shifted to the Devanagari script for representing Rajasthani. This script is used in literature, text books, primers, partial Government instructions in the state of Rajasthan.

Literature

Marwari (Rajasthani) is having a rich literary heritage. Starting from the early and medieval period upto the present Century the major trend of literature is poetic only which have five distint divisions – 1. Jain 2. Charan 3. Akhyan 4. Sant and 5. Laukik including secular love.

Among the above five divisions the Charan trend deserves special mention. The relations between Charan poets and the Rajput warriors were deep rooted in medieval period. The Charan poets used to accompany their heroes to battle fields even. Charan poets used ‘Maru Bhasha’ or ‘Dingal’ and the ‘Bhats Pingal’ in their poetic compositions. According to Maheswari (1980 p-7), upto the end of the 19th Century Dingal was treated as identical or synonymous with ‘Maru Bhasha’ , which is the literary and poetic speech as well as the speech of the people. The Maru Bhasha is otherwise called as Marwari Bhasha. The old writers of ‘Dingal’ or ‘Maru Bhasha’ confirm the fact that the language and metre used by them is the spoken language of the land. Dingal literature was mainly composed as a form of hero-worshipping. On the other hand, Pingal means prosody originally but in Rajasthan the term ‘Pingal’ is used to denote a form of language which is a combination of Brajbhasha and Marwari variety of Rajasthani. The modern Marwari as well as Rajasthani poetry has come out from the hero- worshipping trend and presently distinguished by compositions on the themes of nature, sufferings of human beings, socio-political condition of the country etc. The modern period of Rajasthani (Marwari) dates back from 1850 onwards. Along with poetic composition of different tastes and styles, the Modern period experiences Humour, Satire, Prose forms like Novels, Stories, Dramas, One-act plays, Biographies and sketches, Essays, Literary criticism etc. The literary activities in Rajasthani (Marwari) has been advancing through different Institutions which are working to promote Rajasthani (Marwari) language (and literature) for recognition of the same as one of the Scheduled languages in India.

Mention may be made in this regard about the following :

a. The formation of Rajasthan Sahitya Akademi (Sangam) – established at Udaipur in 1958. The journal Madhumati being its publication has given a new impetus to the writers of Rajasthani as well as of Marwari.

b. The Rajasthani Bhasha-Sahitya Akademi (Sangam) at Bikaner, established in 1972 as a separate unit of the Akademy and the journal Jagti Jodh is its regular publication.

c. In different stations of All India Radio and Doordarshan of Rajasthan state specific schedule have been programmed for presentation of Rajasthani on daily basis where programmes in Marwari and in other regional varieties are aired by the arrangement of Ministry of Information and Broadcasting of the State of Rajasthan.

d. ‘Rajasthani’ has been introduced as a full-fledged Department in the Jay Narayan Vyas University at Jodhpur. Marwari language and literature is the main concern of the Department.

e. Last but not least, the Rajasthani has been recognized by the Sahitya Akademi, New Delhi (National Academy of Letters, India) by which Marwari is also taken care.

REVIEW OF EARLIER LITERATURE AVAILABLE

Before the present survey several other studies were carried out towards the description of Marwari as well as Rajasthani language.

A brief account of the earlier studies is given below in chronological order

i. First and foremost the name of Rajasthani language was brought in the light of Indian linguistic scenario by Sir George Abraham Grierson in his Linguistic Survey of India (LSI Vol.IX Part-II) where “Rajasthani” was genealogically classified as an Indo-Aryan language mentioning Marwari as its most important and prominent dialect substantially keeping distance from Western Hindi.

ii. Next, mention may be made of Dr. L.P. Tessitori’s “Notes on the grammar of the old western Rajasthani with special reference to Apabhramsa and to Gujarati and Marwari” – which is an approach of historical grammar deriving its source from old Indo-Aryan passing through the stages of Middle Indo-Aryan and coming down to the gateway of new Indo-Aryan, that is, Apabhramsa state (sourced from Sauraseni Prakrit) correlating Marwari and Gujarati as the two branches descending from old Western Rajasathani.

iii. Next comes the works of Professor Suniti Kumar Chatterji. His

a. ‘Rajasthani Bhasha’ projects Rajasthani language or the so- called Marwari as coming out with its structural independence from that of Hindi through its literary exposure in the form of Dingal.

b. ‘Indo-Aryan and Hindi’ – etymologically establishes the Sanskrit sources of the lexicons used in Marwari along with other New Indo-Aryan equivalents.

iv. Narottam Das Swami’s ‘Sanksipta Rajasthani Vyakaran’ is a traditional Rajasthani grammar written in Hindi language in Devnagari script.

v. Padmasree Sitaram Lalas’s ‘Rajasthani Vyakaran’ is also a traditional reference grammar where Rajasthani language has been described in a most systematic way in Devnagari script.

vi. Dr. Hiralal Maheswari’s ‘History of Rajasthani Literature’ is also a scholarly account about the origin and development of language and literature of Rajasthan from the period of 1050 A.D. to the end of the twentieth century establishing the rich literary heritage of Rajasthan under the royal patronage.

vii. Dr. Sidheswar Verma’s ‘Bihari-Hindi and Rajasthani – a linguistic analysis’ is a summarized version of Grierson’s narrated Bihari, Hindi and Rajasthani in Linguistic Survey of India Volumes VI and IX, following the modern descriptive format.

viii. B.L. Mali’s ‘Rajasthani Bhasha ar Vyakaran’ is a traditional grammar of Rajasthani along with historical source of Rajasthani language.

ix. The most interesting and fascinating work on Marwari as well as Rajasthani towards the end of the twentieth Century is Dr. Kali Charan Bahl;’s ‘Adhunik Rajasthani ka Samracanatmak Vyakaran’ which is the Hindi version of original English book ‘A structural grammar of Modern Rajasthani’ [Published from University of Chicago] is an exclusively scholarly work that deals with the Marwari speech of Jodhpur (Standard Marwari region) in the name of Rajasthani. The book presents a detailed grammatical description of Marwari from the structuralist point of view.

x. In addition to above works, a list of publications on Marwari/Rajasthani languagre has been referred by Sir G.A. Grierson in his LSI Vol.IX Part-II p-19. These are :

Robson, Rev. J A selection of Khyals or Marwari plays with an Introduction and Glossary, Bewar Mission Press, 1866.

Kellog, Rev. S.H. A Grammar of Hindi Language, in which are treated the High Hindi ………. also the colloquial Dialects of ………….. Rajputana…………….. with copious Philological Notes. First Edn., Allahabad and Calcurtta, 1876. Second Edn. London, 1893.

Fallon, S.W. A Dictionary of Hindustani Proverbs, including many Marwari, Panjabi, Maggah, Bhojpuri and Tirhuti Proverbs, Sayings, Emblems, Aphorisms, Maxims and Similes, by the Late S.W.F. Edited and Revised by Capt. R.C. Temple, assisted by Lala Faquir Chand Vaish, of Delhi. Benaras and London, 1886.

Pandit Ram Karan Sarma MarwaRi VyakaraN. A Marwari grammar written in Marwari. No date or place of publication in my copy ? Jodhpur, About 1901”.

BASE FOR ANALYSIS AND DETAILS OF INFORMANTS

The present work is a Descriptive Grammar of Marwari in Rajasthan, which is one of the major members of Indo-Aryan languages surrounded by the languages like – Hindi, Gujarati, Bhili, Sindhi, Lahnda and Punjabi. Ofcourse, Marwari is one of the mother tongues grouped with Hindi in Indian Census. The present description covers Phonology, Morphophonemics, Morphology and Syntax of Marwari language in the following chapters. Linguistic and socio-linguistic data were collected during the field trip to Rajasthan from April, 1998 to June, 1998. The data, based on which the present grammar has been prepared, consist of 500 core lexical items and around 2000 various lexical items, 800 sentences of different types and patterns along with one connected text. Apart from these data a few folk songs, folk stories and other relevant sociocultural – literary information were collected during the field work. The analysis of Marwari language in this volume is based on the elicited data from the following informants : Shri Rajendra Singh (Barhath), Shri Prehlad Ram Solanki and Shri Kishan Singh Rathore of Jodhpur acted as the main informants for the collection of Standard Marwari data. Shri G.B. Goswami of Nagaur, Shri Narayan Singh Peethal of Jaipur, Mrs. Puspa Vyas, Shri Satya Prakash Acharya, Shri Srilal Nathmal Joshi of Bikaner and Shri Ghanashyam Acharya of Jaisalmer extended their help whole-heartedly for checking of the Marwari data collected from the basic informants.

2. PHONOLOGY

Phonology being concerned with the patterns and organizations of a language in terms of the phonetic features and categories involved, the phonemic analysis consists in allotting all the indefinite number of sounds occurring in utterances to a definite and limited set of phonemes contrastive in at least some environments. Accordingly, the phonemic inventory given below will show the distinctive sound units occurring in the Marwari speech.

PHONEMIC INVENTORY

Both the segmental and suprasegmental phonemes of Marwari are presented in the following inventory . 2.1.1 Segmental Phonemes The Segmental sounds used in Marwari can be classed into a number of 42 phonemes of which 10 are the vowel phonemes and 32 are the Consonant phonemes. Out of the 10 vowel phonemes 4 are front, 2 are central and 4 are back. Among the 32 consonental phonemes 20 are stops, 4 nasals, 2 fricatives, 1 trill, I flap, 2 laterals and 2 approximants. The description of each phoneme has been presented in details in the following section

record3

MORPHOLOGY The internal structure of a word is dealt in morphology since “Morphology is the study of morphemes and their arrangements in forming words” (Nida, 1963, p-1). And considering pause as the basic potential of a word, a word is defined as “Any segment of a sentence bounded by successive points at which pausing is possible” (Hockett 1970 p- 167). Semantically a word may be defined as “the union of particular meaning with a particular grammatical employment” (Lyons 1969 p-200). Below is presented the details of word formation and word classes in Marwari. 4.1. Word-formation Following the definition of “word” as given by Hockett a Marwari word is pronounced with a potential pause before and after it, as for example, / O ek kuttO hE / “This is a dog” where O, ek, kuttO, hE are all individual words with a particular pause between each other. And according to the semantic definition of a word, as given by Lyons, the Marwari words contain at least one stem which is a free form and takes the inflectional and derivational affixes to form a word. Thus a Marwari stem by itself can be a word such as /chori/ “girl, ”/chorO/ “boy”, /pothi/ “book”, /beTO/ “boy” etc. which are all free morphemes as well as /-i/ – ending feminine words and /-O/ ending masculine words. Again /chorIyã/ “girls” , /pothIyã / “books”, /chora/ “boys”, /beTa/ “sons” are also individual words consisting of stems /chori/ , /pothi/ , /chorO/ , /beTO/ and the plural suffixes / – (y) ã / and /-a/ respectively. Therefore, in Marwari morphologically a word may consist of one stem (or more than one) which is followed by affixes. 4.1.1. Word classes in Marwari Based on morphological and syntactical structure the word classes of Marwari are established. Since a morpheme is a minimum meaningful unit which is equivalent to stem the stem classes in Marwari can be divided into different groups on the basis of the inflectional endings e.g. kuttO “dog” a masculine stem (-O being the masculine marker) minni “cat” a feminine stem (-i being the feminine ending)

Thus, forms (derived from stems) which show identical inflectional behavior or which have similar privileges of occurrences in building larger forms can be called as Form class (Hockett 1970 p-162). Accordingly, Marwari words are divided into following classes 1. Nouns 2. Pronouns 3. Adjectives 4. Post-Positions 5. Conjunctions 6. Verbs 7. Adverbs. Out of these seven word classes the nouns, pronouns, adjectives and verbs are based on morphological grounds whereas rest are based on syntactic ground. The above mentioned seven word classes are broadly grouped into two categories —- Declinables and Indeclinables. Declinables are those which are declined for number – gender – person, for example, nouns, pronouns, adjectives and verbs. And the post- positions, conjunctions, adverbs belong to the Indeclinables. The morphological processes found in the seven class of words in Marwari are – Prefixation, Suffixation, Reduplication and Compounding. Prefixation in the word like AgUN “quality” = A- + gUN Suffixation in the word like moTai “thickness” = moTA- +-i Reduplication in the word like kAda kAda “often” = kAda + kAda Compounding in the word like jam phAL “guava” = jam + phAL The morphological structure thus classed in Marwari is described in the following sections of Noun Morphology and Verb-Morphology

Noun Morphology

Noun Morphology deals with the forms and classification of Nouns, Pronouns and their declensional/ inflectional pattern in association with Gender – Number – Adjective etc. The Marwari nouns denoting animate or non-animate, human or non-human being belong to one of the two genders – Masculine and Feminine. Among the animate human nouns the classification of the gender is based on some suffixes consistently and among inanimate nouns the small variety is classed under feminine and the big variety is classed under masculine (e.g. DuMgri “small hill” DuMgAr “big hill” ; b’elRi “small creeper” b’el “big creeper” etc.) in addition to the classification of gender based on vowel ending. And the distinction between human and non-human is natural as well as conventional.

Most of the Marwari nouns end in vowels. The final vowel gives a clue to the gender of a particular noun. The nouns which end in consonant are masculine nouns. Below are presented the types of nouns available in Marwari: 1. Masculine Nouns 2. Feminine Nouns i) ending in –O

i) ending in –i

ii) ending in –u

ii) ending in vowel cluster

iii)ending in Consonant

iii)ending in Consonant

iv)ending in –yO

REFERENCES Census of India, 2001, Series –I Primary Census Abstract Census of India, 2001, Series –I , Language Table C-16 Census of India, 2001, Bilingualism and Trilingualism Table C-17 Census of India 1991, Series – I , Paper 2 of 1992 Census of India 1991 , Series – I – Part – IV B(i)(a) -C Series Table C-7 Census of India, 1961, Vol-1 Part – II – C (ii) Vol-1 Part-II – C (vi) Census of India, 1961, Vol.XIV , Part-II C(i)

http://www.censusindia.gov.in/2011-documents/lsi/lsi_Rajasthan/5_Marwari.pdf

 

 

 

by Rohit

dhola maru

राजस्थानी भाषा एवं साहित्य :प्रेम कहानी “ढोला-मारू” (Dhola-Maru Famous Love Story of Rajasthan)

28/02/2016 in Rajasthani Cinema, Rajasthani Language

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oTMpfIZPTS8

राजस्थान की लोक कथाओं में बहुत सी प्रेम कथाएँ प्रचलित है पर इन सबमे ढोला मारू Dhola Maru प्रेम गाथा विशेष लोकप्रिय रही है इस गाथा की लोकप्रियता का अंदाजा इसी बात से लगाया जा सकता है कि आठवीं सदी की इस घटना का नायक ढोला राजस्थान में आज भी एक-प्रेमी नायक के रूप में स्मरण किया जाता है और प्रत्येक पति-पत्नी की सुन्दर जोड़ी को ढोला-मारू की उपमा दी जाती है | यही नहीं आज भी लोक गीतों में स्त्रियाँ अपने प्रियतम को ढोला के नाम से ही संबोधित करती है,ढोला शब्द पति शब्द का प्रयायवाची ही बन चूका है |राजस्थान की ग्रामीण स्त्रियाँ आज भी विभिन्न मौकों पर ढोला-मारू के गीत बड़े चाव से गाती है |

इस प्रेमाख्यान का नायक ढोला नरवर के राजा नल का पुत्र था जिसे इतिहास में ढोला व साल्हकुमार के नाम से जाना जाता है, ढोला का विवाह बालपने में जांगलू देश (बीकानेर) के पूंगल नामक ठिकाने के स्वामी पंवार राजा पिंगल की पुत्री मारवणी के साथ हुआ था | उस वक्त ढोला तीन वर्ष का मारवणी मात्र डेढ़ वर्ष की थी | इसीलिए शादी के बाद मारवणी को ढोला के साथ नरवर नहीं भेजा गया | बड़े होने पर ढोला की एक और शादी मालवणी के साथ हो गयी | बचपन में हुई शादी के बारे को ढोला भी लगभग भूल चूका था | उधर जब मारवणी प्रोढ़ हुई तो मां बाप ने उसे ले जाने के लिए ढोला को नरवर कई सन्देश भेजे | ढोला की दूसरी रानी मालवणी को ढोला की पहली शादी का पता चल गया था उसे यह भी पता चल गया था कि मारवणी जैसी बेहद खुबसूरत राजकुमारी कोई और नहीं सो उसने डाह व ईर्ष्या के चलते राजा पिंगल द्वारा भेजा कोई भी सन्देश ढोला तक पहुँचने ही नहीं दिया वह सन्देश वाहको को ढोला तक पहुँचने से पहले ही मरवा डालती थी |

उधर मारवणी के अंकुरित यौवन ने अपना रंग दिखाना शुरू कर दिया | एक दिन उसे स्वप्न में अपने प्रियतम ढोला के दर्शन हुए उसके बाद तो वह ढोला के वियोग में जलती रही उसे न खाने में रूचि रही न किसी और कार्य में | उसकी हालत देख उसकी मां ने राजा पिंगल से ढोला को फिर से सन्देश भेजने का आग्रह किया, इस बार राजा पिंगल ने सोचा सन्देश वाहक को तो मालवणी मरवा डालती है इसीलिए इस बार क्यों न किसी चतुर ढोली को नरवर भेजा जाय जो गाने के बहाने ढोला तक सन्देश पहुंचा उसे मारवणी के साथ हुई उसकी शादी की याद दिला दे |

जब ढोली नरवर के लिए रवाना हो रहा था तब मारवणी ने उसे अपने पास बुलाकर मारू राग में दोहे बनाकर दिए और समझाया कि कैसे ढोला के सम्मुख जाकर गाकर सुनाना है | ढोली (गायक) ने मारवणी को वचन दिया कि वह जीता रहा तो ढोला को जरुर लेकर आएगा और मर गया तो वहीँ का होकर रह जायेगा |

चतुर ढोली याचक बनकर किसी तरह नरवर में ढोला के महल तक पहुँचने में कामयाब हो गया और रात होते ही उसने ऊँची आवाज में गाना शुरू किया | उस रात बादल छा रहे थे,अँधेरी रात में बिजलियाँ चमक रही थी ,झीणी-झीणी पड़ती वर्षा की फुहारों के शांत वातावरण में ढोली ने मल्हार राग में गाना शुरू किया ऐसे सुहाने मौसम में ढोली की मल्हार राग का मधुर संगीत ढोला के कानों में गूंजने लगा और ढोला फन उठाये नाग की भांति राग पर झुमने लगा तब ढोली ने साफ़ शब्दों में गाया –
” ढोला नरवर सेरियाँ,धण पूंगल गळीयांह |”

गीत में पूंगल व मारवणी का नाम सुनते ही ढोला चौंका और उसे बालपने में हुई शादी की याद ताजा हो आई | ढोली ने तो मल्हार व मारू राग में मारवणी के रूप का वर्णन ऐसे किया जैसे पुस्तक खोलकर सामने कर दी हो | उसे सुनकर ढोला तड़फ उठा |

दाढ़ी(ढोली) पूरी रात गाता रहा | सुबह ढोला ने उसे बुलाकर पूछा तो उसने पूंगल से लाया मारवणी का पूरा संदेशा सुनाते हुए बताया कि कैसे मारवणी उसके वियोग में जल रही है |

आखिर ढोला ने मारवणी को लाने हेतु पूंगल जाने का निश्चय किया पर मालवणी ने उसे रोक दिया ढोला ने कई बहाने बनाये पर मालवणी उसे किसी तरह रोक देती | पर एक दिन ढोला एक बहुत तेज चलने वाले ऊंट पर सवार होकर मारवणी को लेने चल ही दिया और पूंगल पहुँच गया | मारवणी ढोला से मिलकर ख़ुशी से झूम उठी | दोनों ने पूंगल में कई दिन बिताये और एक दिन ढोला ने मारूवणी को अपने साथ ऊंट पर बिठा नरवर जाने के लिए राजा पिंगल से विदा ली | कहते है रास्ते में रेगिस्तान में मारूवणी को सांप ने काट खाया पर शिव पार्वती ने आकर मारूवणी को जीवन दान दे दिया | आगे बढ़ने पर ढोला उमर-सुमरा के षड्यंत्र में फंस गया, उमर-सुमरा ढोला को घात से मार कर मारूवणी को हासिल करना चाहता था सो वह उसके रास्ते में जाजम बिछा महफ़िल जमाकर बैठ गया | ढोला जब उधर से गुजरा तो उमर ने उससे मनुहार की और ढोला को रोक लिया | ढोला ने मारूवणी को ऊंट पर बैठे रहने दिया और खुद उमर के साथ अमल की मनुहार लेने बैठ गया | दाढ़ी गा रहा था और ढोला उमर अफीम की मनुहार ले रहे थे , उमर सुमरा के षड्यंत्र का ज्ञान दाढ़ी (ढोली) की पत्नी को था वह भी पूंगल की बेटी थी सो उसने चुपके से इस षड्यंत्र के बारे में मारूवणी को बता दिया |
मारूवणी ने ऊंट के एड मारी,ऊंट भागने लगा तो उसे रोकने के लिए ढोला दौड़ा, पास आते ही मारूवणी ने कहा – धोखा है जल्दी ऊंट पर चढो और ढोला उछलकर ऊंट पर चढ़ा गया | उमर-सुमरा ने घोड़े पर बैठ पीछा किया पर ढोला का वह काला ऊंट उसके कहाँ हाथ लगने वाला था | ढोला मारूवणी को लेकर नरवर पहुँच गया और उमर-सुमरा हाथ मलता रह गया |
नरवर पहुंचकर चतुर ढोला, सौतिहा डाह की नोंक झोंक का समाधान भी करता है। मारुवणी व मालवणी के साथ आनंद से रहने लगा |

इसी ढोला का पुत्र लक्ष्मण हुआ,लक्ष्मण का भानु और भानु का पुत्र परम प्रतापी बज्र्दामा हुआ जिसने अपने वंश का खोया राज्य ग्वालियर पुन: जीतकर कछवाह राज्यलक्ष्मी का उद्धार किया | आगे चलकर इसी वंश का एक राजकुमार दुल्हेराय राजस्थान आया जिसने मांची,भांडारेज,खोह,झोटवाड़ा आदि के मीणों को मारकर अपना राज्य स्थापित किया उसके बाद उसके पुत्र काकिलदेव ने मीणों को परास्त कर आमेर पर अपना राज्य स्थापित किया जो देश की आजादी तक उसके वंशजों के पास रहा | यही नहीं इसके वंशजों में स्व.भैरोंसिंहजी शेखावत इस देश के उपराष्ट्रपति बने व इसी वंश के श्री देवीसिंह शेखावत की धर्म-पत्नी श्रीमती प्रतिभापाटिल आज इस देश की महामहिम राष्ट्रपति है |

ढोला को रिझाने के लिए दाढ़ी (ढोली) द्वारा गाये कुछ दोहे –
आखडिया डंबर भई,नयण गमाया रोय |
क्यूँ साजण परदेस में, रह्या बिंडाणा होय ||
आँखे लाल हो गयी है , रो रो कर नयन गँवा दिए है,साजन परदेस में क्यों पराया हो गया है |

दुज्जण बयण न सांभरी, मना न वीसारेह |
कूंझां लालबचाह ज्यूँ, खिण खिण चीतारेह ||

बुरे लोगों की बातों में आकर उसको (मारूवणी को) मन से मत निकालो | कुरजां पक्षी के लाल बच्चों की तरह वह क्षण क्षण आपको याद करती है | आंसुओं से भीगा चीर निचोड़ते निचोड़ते उसकी हथेलियों में छाले पड़ गए है |
जे थूं साहिबा न आवियो, साँवण पहली तीज |
बीजळ तणे झबूकडै, मूंध मरेसी खीज ||
यदि आप सावन की तीज के पहले नहीं गए तो वह मुग्धा बिजली की चमक देखते ही खीजकर मर जाएगी | आपकी मारूवण के रूप का बखान नहीं हो सकता | पूर्व जन्म के बहुत पुण्य करने वालों को ही ऐसी स्त्री मिलती है |
नमणी, ख़मणी, बहुगुणी, सुकोमळी सुकच्छ |
गोरी गंगा नीर ज्यूँ , मन गरवी तन अच्छ ||
बहुत से गुणों वाली,क्षमशील,नम्र व कोमल है , गंगा के पानी जैसी गौरी है ,उसका मन और तन श्रेष्ठ है |
गति गयंद,जंघ केळ ग्रभ, केहर जिमी कटि लंक |
हीर डसण विप्रभ अधर, मरवण भ्रकुटी मयंक ||
हाथी जैसी चाल, हीरों जैसे दांत,मूंग सरीखे होठ है | आपकी मारवणी की सिंहों जैसी कमर है ,चंद्रमा जैसी भोएं है |
आदीता हूँ ऊजलो , मारूणी मुख ब्रण |
झीणां कपड़ा पैरणां, ज्यों झांकीई सोब्रण ||
मारवणी का मुंह सूर्य से भी उजला है ,झीणे कपड़ों में से शरीर यों चमकता है मानो स्वर्ण झाँक रहा हो |

दोहे व उनका भावार्थ रानी लक्ष्मीकुमारी चुण्डावत द्वारा लिखित पुस्तक “राजस्थान की प्रेम कथाएँ” से लिए गए है व चित्र गूगल खोज परिणामों से |

 

राजस्थान की मिट्टी वीरो के शौर्य और बलिदान के लिए मशहूर है। यहां के योद्धाओं

की गाथाएं आज भी बड़े गर्व से सुनाई जाती हैं। केवल वीरों की गाथाएं नहीं हैं बल्कि
उनकी कई की वसुंधरा पर कई प्रेम कहानियां भी हैं, जो आज
भी बहुत प्रचलित हैं। यहां कभी एक वेश्या ने अपने प्रेम के लिए पूरी सल्तनत को चुनौती
दी तो कभी एक दासी के रूप के आगे नतमस्तक हो गया राजा। लेकिन आज हम आपको बता रहे है राजस्थान की सबसे चर्चित प्रेम कहानी जो इतिहास में ‘ढोला-मारू’ की प्रेम कहानी के नाम से विख्यात है। आज भी इस प्रेमी जोड़े का जिक्र यहां के लोकगीतों में होता है।

नरवर के राजा नल के तीन साल के पुत्र साल्हकुमार का
विवाह बचपन में जांगलू देश (बीकानेर) के पूंगल नामक ठिकाने
के स्वामी पंवार राजा पिंगल की पुत्री से हुआ था। चूंकि दोनों अभी बहुत छोटे थे इसलिए
दुल्हन को ससुराल नहीं ले जाया गया।

बड़े होने पर राजकुमार
की एक और शादी कर दी गई। अब तक राजकुमार अपनी बचपन में हुई शादी के बारे में भूल गया
था। उधर जांगलू देश की राजकुमरी अब सयानी हो चुकी थी और उसकी खूबसूरती के चर्चे दूर-दूर
तक होने लगे थे। मां बाप ने उसे ले जाने के लिए नरवर कई संदेश भेजे, लेकिन
कोई भी संदेश राजकुमार तक नहीं पहुंच पाया।

राजकुमार की दूसरी
पत्नी ईर्ष्या के चलते राजा पिंगल द्वारा भेजे गए संदेश वाहकों को मरवा डालती थी। उसे
इस बात का डर था कि राजकुमार को अगर पहली पत्नी के बारे में कुछ भी याद आया तो उसे
छोड़कर वो पहली के पास चले जाएंगे। इसका सबसे बड़ा कारण पहली राजकुमारी की सुंदरता
थी।

उधर राजकुमारी साल्हकुमार
के ख्वाबों में खोई थी। एक दिन उसके सपने में सल्हाकुमार आया इसके बाद वह वियोग की
अग्नि में जलने लगी। उसे न खाने में रूचि रही और न किसी दूसरे काम में। ऐसी हालत देख
उसकी मां ने राजा पिंगल से फिर संदेश भेजने का आग्रह किया, इस बार
राजा पिंगल ने एक चतुर ढोली को नरवर भेजा।

जब ढोली नरवर के
लिए रवाना हो रहा था तब राजकुमारी ने उसे अपने पास बुलाकर मारू राग में दोहे बनाकर
दिए और समझाया कि कैसे उसके प्रियतम के सम्मुख जाकर गाकर सुनाना है। यह सब इसलिए किया
गया क्योंकि दूसरी राजकुमारी किसी भी संदेस वाहक को राजा तक पहुंचने से पहले मरवा देती
थी। ढोली (गायक) ने राजकुमारी को वचन दिया कि वह या तो राजकुमार को लेकर आएगा
या फिर वहीं मर जाएगा।

चतुर ढोली याचक बनकर
किसी तरह नरवर में राजकुमार के महल तक पहुंचा। रात में उसने ऊंची आवाज में गाना शुरू
किया। बारिश की रिमझिम फुहारों में ढोली ने मल्हार राग में गाना शुरू किया। मल्हार
राग का मधुर संगीत राजकुमार के कानों में गूंजने लगा।

वह झूमने लगा तब
ढोली ने साफ शब्दों में राजकुमारी का संदेश गाया। गीत में राजकुमारी का नाम सुनते ही
साल्हकुमार चौंका और उसे अपनी पहली शादी याद आ गई। ढोली ने गा-गाकर
बताया कि उसकी प्रियतमा कितनी खूबसूरत है। और उसकी याद में कितने वियोग में है।

ढोली ने दोहों में
राजकुमारी की खूबसूरती की व्याख्या कुछ ऐसे की। उसके चेहरे की चमक सूर्य के प्रकाश
की तरह है,  झीणे कपड़ों में से शरीर ऐसे चमकता है मानो स्वर्ण झांक रहा हो। हाथी जैसी चाल, हीरों
जैसे दांत, मूंग सरीखे होंठ है। बहुत से गुणों वाली, क्षमाशील, नम्र
व कोमल है, गंगा के पानी जैसी गोरी है, उसका
मन और तन श्रेष्ठ है। लेकिन उसका साजन तो जैसे उसे भूल ही गया है और लेने नहीं आता।

ढोली पूरी रात ऐसे
ही गाता रहा, सुबह राजकुमार ने उसे बुलाकर पूछा तो उसने पूंगल से लाया राजकुमारी
का पूरा संदेशा सुनाया। आखिर साल्हकुमार ने अपनी पहली पत्नी को लाने हेतु पूंगल जाने
का निश्चय किया पर उसकी दूसरी पत्नी मालवणी ने उसे रोक दिया। उसने कई बहाने बनाए पर
मालवणी हर बार उसे किसी तरह रोक देती।

आखिरकार एक दिन राजकुमार
एक बहुत तेज चलने वाले ऊंट पर सवार होकर अपनी प्रियतमा को लेने पूंगल पहुंच गया। वियोग
में जल रही राजकुमारी अपने प्रियतम से मिलकर खुशी से झूम उठी। आखिर उसे उसका प्रेम
जो मिल गया था। दोनों ने पूंगल में कई दिन बिताए। दोनों एक दूसरे में खो गए। एक दिन
दोनों ने नरवर जाने के लिए राजा पिंगल से विदा ली।

कहते हैं रास्ते
के रेगिस्तान में राजकुमारी को सांप ने काट लिया पर शिव पार्वती ने आकर उसको जीवन दान
दे दिया। लेकिन दोनों की मुसीबतें यहीं समाप्त नहीं हो रही थीं, इसके
बाद वे उमर-सुमरा के राजकुमारी को पाने के लिए रचे षडय़ंत्र में फंस गए।

उमर-सुमरा
साल्हकुमार को मारकर राजकुमारी को हासिल करना चाहता था सो वह उसके रास्ते में जाजम
बिछाकर महफिल सजाकर बैठ गया। राजकुमार सल्हाकुमार अपनी खूबसूरत पत्नी को लेकर जब उधर
से गुजरा तो उमर ने उससे मनुहार की और उसे रोक लिया। राजकुमार ने राजकुमारी को ऊंट
पर बैठे रहने दिया और खुद उमर के साथ अमल की मनुहार लेने बैठ गया। (रेगिस्तानी
इलाकों में किसी भी अतिथि की मनुहार या स्वागत अफीम के साथ की जाती है, अफीम
को अमल कहते हैं)

इधर, ढोली
गा रहा था और राजकुमार व उमर अफीम की मनुहार ले रहे थे। मारू के देश से आया ढोली बहुत
चतुर था, उसे उमर सुमरा के षड्यंत्र का ज्ञान आभास हो गया था। ढोली ने
चुपके से इस षड्यंत्र के बारे में राजकुमारी को बता दिया। राजकुमारी भी रेगिस्तान की
बेटी थी, उसने ऊंट के एड मारी। ऊंट भागने लगा तो उसे रोकने के लिए राजकुमार
दौड़ा, पास आते ही मारूवणी ने कहा – धोखा
है जल्दी ऊंट पर चढ़ो, ये तुम्हें मारना चाहते हैं।

इसके बाद दोनों ने
वहां से भागकर नरवर पहुंचकर ही दम लिया। यहां राजकुमारी का स्वागत सत्कार किया गया
और वो वहां की रानी बनकर राज करने लगी।

इतिहास में इस प्रेमी
जोड़े को ढोला मारू के नाम से जाना जाता है। तब से आज तक उनके नाम के गाने पूरे जोर-सोर
से गाए जाते हैं और उनके प्रेम का गुनगान किया जाता है।

ढोला को रिझाने के लिए दाढ़ी (ढोली) द्वारा गाये कुछ दोहे –

आखडिया डंबर भई,नयण गमाया रोय |
क्यूँ साजण परदेस में, रह्या बिंडाणा होय ||

आँखे लाल हो गयी है , रो रो कर नयन गँवा दिए है,साजन परदेस में क्यों पराया हो गया है |

दुज्जण बयण न सांभरी, मना न वीसारेह |
कूंझां लालबचाह ज्यूँ, खिण खिण चीतारेह ||

बुरे लोगों की बातों में आकर उसको (मारूवणी को) मन से मत निकालो | कुरजां पक्षी के लाल बच्चों की तरह वह क्षण क्षण आपको याद करती है | आंसुओं से भीगा चीर निचोड़ते निचोड़ते उसकी हथेलियों में छाले पड़ गए है |

जे थूं साहिबा न आवियो, साँवण पहली तीज |
बीजळ तणे झबूकडै, मूंध मरेसी खीज ||

यदि आप सावन की तीज के पहले नहीं गए तो वह मुग्धा बिजली की चमक देखते ही खीजकर मर जाएगी | आपकी मारूवण के रूप का बखान नहीं हो सकता | पूर्व जन्म के बहुत पुण्य करने वालों को ही ऐसी स्त्री मिलती है |

नमणी, ख़मणी, बहुगुणी, सुकोमळी सुकच्छ |
गोरी गंगा नीर ज्यूँ , मन गरवी तन अच्छ ||

बहुत से गुणों वाली,क्षमशील,नम्र व कोमल है , गंगा के पानी जैसी गौरी है ,उसका मन और तन श्रेष्ठ है |

गति गयंद,जंघ केळ ग्रभ, केहर जिमी कटि लंक |
हीर डसण विप्रभ अधर, मरवण भ्रकुटी मयंक ||

हाथी जैसी चाल, हीरों जैसे दांत,मूंग सरीखे होठ है | आपकी मारवणी की सिंहों जैसी कमर है ,चंद्रमा जैसी भोएं है |
आदीता हूँ ऊजलो , मारूणी मुख ब्रण |
झीणां कपड़ा पैरणां, ज्यों झांकीई सोब्रण ||

मारवणी का मुंह सूर्य से भी उजला है ,झीणे कपड़ों में से शरीर यों चमकता है मानो स्वर्ण झाँक रहा हो |

Source: ajab gajab and gyan darpan

by Rohit

Gair dance rajasthan

नृत्य युद्ध शैली का अनूठा संगम “गैर नृत्य” : जालोर जिला पूरे भारत में पहचान रखता है

28/02/2016 in Art & Craft, Tourism

गोले घेरे में इस  नृत्य की संरचना होने के कारण यह “घेर ” और कालांतर में ” गैर ” कहा जाने लगा है | नृत्य करने वालो को गैरिया कहते है |मेवाड़ और मारवाड़ में इस नृत्य की धूम मची रहती है |   इस नृत्य को देखने से ऐसा लगता है मानो तलवारो से युद्ध चल रहा हो  |   इस नृत्य की सारी प्रतिक्रिया और पद संचालन तलवार युद्ध और पटेबाजी जैसा लगती है | यह नृत्य वृत में होता है और नृत्य करते करते मंडल बनाया जाते है |  मेवाड़ और बाड़मेर के गैर नृत्य की मूल रचना एक ही प्रकार है किन्तु नृत्य की लय ,चाल और मंडल मे अंतर है | नर्तक सफ़ेद धोती , सफ़ेद अंगरखी तथा सर पर लाल अथवा केसरिया रंग की पगड़ी बांधते है |

जालोर क्षेत्र में नर्तक फ्रॉक जैसी आकृति का एक घेरदार लबादा पहनते है तथा कमर में तलवार बंधने के लिए पट्टा भी धारण करते है |

गैर नृत्य तीन प्रकार के होते है
आगे बागे की गैर : इये आंगी की गैर भी कहते है इसमें नर्तक चालीस मीटर के कपडे से बनी आंगी व बागा पहनता है | कपडे का रंग सफ़ेद और लाल होता है | नर्तक दोनों हाथों में रोहिड़े या बबूल की डांडिया लिए हुए ढोल पर घूमते हुए अपनी डांडिया आजू-बाजू के नर्तक की डंडियों से ठहराते है|

नागी गैर – इससे साधी गैर भी कहते है यह दो प्रकार की होती है डांडियों वाली गैर और रुमाल वाली गैर |

स्वांगी गैर :- इसमें अलग अलग नर्तक वैश में माली ,सरदार ,साधु आदि रूप धारण करते है |

by Rohit

Sharing of Water and Modernisation of Police

27/02/2016 in Lok Sabha

Sharing of Water

†348. SHRI GAJENDRA SINGH
SHEKHAWAT:
Will the Minister of POWER
be pleased to state:
(a) whether any agreement between the
Central Government and Rajasthan
Government has been signed regarding share
in Hydro Power projects of Punjab;
(b) if so, the details thereof; and
(c) the steps proposes to be taken by
the Centre to allocate the prescribed share
to the State Government of Rajasthan as
mentioned in the agreement?

by Rohit

jeeja bai

Your Ice cream Custerd Apple from Pali : Jeeja Bai

18/02/2016 in Industrial Development

Custerd Apple is grown on hills and barren land and farmers used to collect the fruit from these plants and sell them in the market. The demand for custard apple started growing in last few years and some dishes like ‘sitaphal rabdi’ and ‘sitaphal ice-cream’ gained tremendous popularity. The demand for the fruit shot up and many farmers decided to cultivate the fruit trees. Some factories were set up near Pune city in last three years to separate the seed from the fruit and process the pulp.

Like in Pune  Western Rajasthan also having the possibility to establish the Ice Cream Industry .Example are available.

A tribal from Pali district, Jeeja Bai like other village folk, never had much to do beyond subsistence farming.
A few years back, with intervention from the state government and a not-for profit organization, these women started organizing into self help groups (SHGs). They started collecting and grading custard apples from the local forests. Today, 300 such SHGs across 28 villages – part of a single federation, the Ghoomar Mahila Samiti – are engaged in this activity. In 2013, the Samiti set up a custard apple processing and marketing company. 85 tonnes of custard apple was processed and sold last year to food and ice-cream companies accruing a profit of Rs.18 lac. Each woman engaged in collecting custard apples is able to earn about 100 rupees a day and those engaged in processing about 200 rupees. This is sufficient for a daily meal for the family. Jeeja Bai, member of an SHG called Sahyog (literally, cooperation) is now an expert at processing custard apples and trains other tribal women.

by Rohit

rajasthan-3

पश्चिमी राजस्थान लिखेगा इक्कीसवी सदी में पुरे राजस्थान की विकास की नयी कहानी

16/02/2016 in Development

इक्कीसवी सदी  में राजस्थान के विकास में पांच क्षेत्र महत्वपूर्ण भूमिका निभाएंगे जिसमें राजस्थान तेजी से बदल जायेगा | इसपर लगी पिछड़ेपन की छाप मिट जाएगी और यह समृद्ध प्रदेशो की गिनती मे आ जायेगा | ये पांच क्षेत्र इस प्रकार से है

पर्यटन क्षेत्र 

पश्चिमी राजस्थान में पर्यटन उद्योग का  तेजी से विकास हो रहा है | इसमें राज्य मे कई लाख लोगो को प्रत्यक्ष एवं अप्रत्यक्ष रूप से रोजगार मिल रहा है | देश विदेश के लोगो के राजस्थान में आने से परिवाहन ,संचार, होटल ,रेस्टोरेंट ,हस्तशिल्प आदि व्यवसायों से जुड़े लोग लाभांवित होते है | पर्यटन मे अभी राज्य का हिस्सा १६% है | इसे बढ़ाकर २५% किया जाना है

सीमेंट उद्योग
पश्चिमी राजस्थान मे उपलब्ध चूना पत्थर ,जिप्सम एवं सीमेंट ग्रेड लाइम स्टोन के विशाल भंडार होने के कारण सीमेंट उद्योग भी तेजी से विकसित हो रहा है | इससे लाखो लोगो को रोजगार उपलब्ध हो रहा है | देश को लगभग १६% सीमेंट राजस्थान मे उत्पादित होता है

खनिज तेल एवं गैस
थर मरुस्थल मे विशाल खनिज तेल एवं गैसो के भंडार आने वाले एक दशक में पश्चिमी राजस्थान की तस्वीर पलट देंगे | राज्य सरकार को कर एवं रॉयलिटी के माध्यम से करोड़ो रुपये की आय होगी

खनिज उत्पादन
झारखंड एवं छत्तीसगढ़ के बाद पश्चिमी राजस्थान मे सर्वार्धिक सीसा ,जस्ता , ताम्बा ,रॉक फॉस्फेट ,जैस्पर, फ्लोराइट ,जिप्सम ,मार्बल ,चांदी, फेल्सपार , वोल्सोनाईट आदि से राज्य सरकार को कर एवं रॉयलिटी से अच्छी आय होती है

विद्युत उत्पादन
पलाना , कपूरड़ी , गिरल तथा मातासुख आदि से मिले लिग्नाइट के कारण पश्चिमी राजस्थान मे विद्युत उत्पादन से क्षेत्र मे तेजी से विकास हो रहा है | इसी प्रकार जैसलमेर ,बाड़मेर, जोधपुर मे पवन ऊर्जा से विद्युत उत्पादन को महत्तवपूर्ण योगदान है | अमेरिका के साथ हुई परमाणु संधि से राज्य के परमाणु बिजली घरो को पर्याप्त यूरेनियम उपलब होगा | राज्य मे ६ सुपरक्रिटिकल पावर स्टेशन से लाखो लोगो को रोजग़ार मिलेगा | पोकरण मे परमाणु परिक्षण के साथ अगर ऊर्जा केंद्र भी खोल दिए जाये तो पुरे भारत को पश्चिमी राजस्थान ऊर्जा दे सकता है |

by Rohit

budget

Budget 2015 : दिनांक 09.03.2015 को प्रस्तुत बजट वर्ष 2015-16 के प्रमुख बिन्दु

16/02/2016 in Administration

ECONOMIC INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT

Road

  • Work of 5 major roads to be taken up on PPP basis.
  • 2119 kms. of Grameen Gaurav Path have been sanctioned in 2154 Gram Panchayat’s headquaters. 2000 kms. of missing link roads also to be constructed. Total amount Rs. 900 crore.
  • Dholpur and Alwar districts to be taken under OPRC system.
  • Work on 1440 kms. of road connected 600 villages of population of 250-499 to be completed by December, 2015
  • Works on roads worth of Rs. 960 crore connecting 1100 hamlets of population of 250 and above to be completed this year.
  • New works to be undertaken

    • »Additional carriage way work of Bhairun Darwaja to Sawaimadhopur City Road, Rs. 30 crore.
    • »Bridge worth Rs, 40 crore on Gaghar river in Hanumangarh.
    • »Strengthening and widening of sabela bypass and Teejwad to Syntax Choraha road worth Rs. 14 crore 60 lacs.
    • »Construction of Rs. 4.43 crore Sewar to Pali road, Dholpur.
    • »Construction of Bhopal Sagar to Narela road, Chittorgarh Rs. 76 crore 88 lacs.
    • »Bridge on Chambal river between Gainta in Kota and Maakhida in Bundi – Rs. 102 crore.
    • »Bharatpur- Nadbai bypass including RoB – Rs. 105 crore.
    • »Two important roads connectivity Ahinsa Circle in Alwar – Rs.30 crore.

Road Transport

  • Rs. 120 crore granted to RSRTC for Reformed Linked Programme.
  • Rs. 300 crore for RSRTC for lands etc. to State Bus Terminal Services Authority.
  • Rs. 160 crore to RSRTC for concessional fare.
  • Opening of 1500 new routes for rural bus services.
  • Integrated computerised fitness centre and fully automated driving track under PPP in Jaipur.
  • Online application for vehicle tax, vehicle registration, driving license etc.
  • Formation of Rajasthan Road Safety Authority.
  • Road safety education in schools.

Air Transport

Rs. 30 crore for development of existing airstrips.

Drinking Water

  • Rs. 494 crore for completing 12 ongoing projects.
  • Work to start on Nagaur Lift Project Phase-II.
  • Reorganisation of Kishangarh, District Ajmer Water Supply Scheme – Rs. 185 crore.
  • Reorganisation of Tonk Water Supply Scheme – Rs. 47 crore 20 lacs.
  • Reorganisation of Pratapgarh Water Supply Scheme – Rs. 94 crore 42 lacs.
  • Preparation of DPR for diversion of water for Rajsamand from proposed Dewas-4 dam.
  • Reorganisation of Khanpur Water Supply Scheme – Rs. 16 crore 84 lacs.
  • Reorganisation of 2 water scheme in Jaisalmer – Rs. 4 crore.
  • Establishing 2000 RO Plant.
  • Constructing 1000 solar energy based bore well – Rs. 40 crore.
  • Rs. 139 crore 55 lac for repairing Janta Jal Yojanas
  • Rs. 10 crore for repairing handpump.
  • Rs. 90 crore for maintenance and improvement of diggi water supply schemes in Bikaner.

Energy

  • Rajasthan Electricity Distribution Management Bill to be introduced.
  • One GSS of 400 KV in Chittorgarh

  • » 6 GSS of 220 KV
  • » 16 GSS of 132 KV
  • » 200 GSS of 33 KV
  • » One 400 KV GSS in Udaipur
  • » Jodhpur Udaipur 400 KV new line to be constructed in 2015-16.
  • 40,000 new agriculture connections in 2015-16.
  • 5 lac 40 thousand house connections in Jaipur, Dholpur, Banswara, Udaipur, Hanumangarh, Barmer in more than 16000 hamlets.
  • Centralised Call Centres for all three DISCOMs.
  • Domestic LED lights under ESCO model.
  • MoU / Joint Venture Agreements executed this year for 14,000 MV of solar energy and 26000 MV solar park

Tourism

  • 68% hike in allocation for tourism, art and culture in 2015-16 compared to 2014-15 RE
  • IEC campaign works Rs. 38 crore.
  • Development of tourist destinations worth Rs. 35 crore.
  • Development of various museums and panoramas worth Rs. 20 crore.
  • Organisation of domestic travel mart.
  • Jaipur City to be developed as MICE destination

Devasthan

Rs. 20 crore for repair and maintenance and development of temples

Forest

  • Development of new tiger safari in Ranthambhore Tiger Reserve.
  • New Biological park in Bikaner – Rs. 25 crore.
  • Additional 7 crores to be allocated for Nature Park in Churu
  • Herbal garden at Jaipur-Pushkar bypass and Smriti Van in Nolakhha, Jhalawar.
  • Van Dhan Yojana to be launched on pilot basis.

INVESTMENT AND ECONOMIC GROWTH

Industries

  • Resurgent Rajasthan in November, 2015.
  • Land bank for industries.
  • Computerisation of District Industries Centres and Commissioner Industries Office
  • 125 acre land at Karauli Industrial, Alwar for new zone for Honda Corps vendors.
  • 50 acre land for electronic manufacturing cluster in Salarpur-Bhiwadi IT and 127 acre ESDM zone in Kaladwas extension.

Small Scale Industry

  • Price preference policy for MSME.
  • MSME facilitation Centre
  • Rs. 8 crore 50 lacs interest free loan for RAJSIICO for new centre with incubator, plug and play facilities etc. at Sodala, Jaipur.
  • Legal framework for CETP.
  • Upgradation of CETP in Pali to zero discharge plant.
  • Rs. 2.5 crore for Khadi sector development
  • Restructuring of PSUs under small scale khadi and village industries department.
  • Special Scheme under State food processing mission for districts near Delhi- 15 crores
  • Incubators in one Engineering / MBA college in each division and establishment of 3D printing and robotics lab.

Mines

98% mining lease and quarry license.

AGRICULTURE AND ANIMAL HUSBANDRY

Agriculture and Hotriculture

  • Krishi Sewa Kendra in 1410 gram panchayats and 59 panchayat samities to be completed this year. Rs. 5 crore 22 lacs for Operationalising Krishi Seva Kendra
  • Storage of 3 lacs MT Urea, 1 lac MT DAP. – Rs. 55.00 crore
  • Scheme for private honorary extension workers.
  • State Award for organic farming.
  • International-National tours for farmers for new technology information.
  • Vegetable Seed Production by Rajasthan Seed Nigam. Seed testing lab in Udaipur.
  • Distributor of selected certified seeds for farmers in TSP and other selected areas – Rs. 10 crore.
  • New Agriculture College in Nagaur District to established.
  • Rs. 6116 crore to be given to DISCOMs for tariff subsidy on agriculture connection
  • Rs. 370 crore provided for zero interest loans to farmers through Co-operative Banks. In addition Rs. 150 crores to be given as interest subsidy.
  • Long term agriculture loans with 5% interest subsidy – Rs. 30 crore
  • Rs. 10 crore for construction of godowns by 100 GSS.

Water Resources

  • Rs. 35 crore for restoration of 35 ponds transferred to PRIs
  • Bench marking study for 70 irrigation schemes
  • Renovation of 32 water bodies at cost of Rs. 36 crore
  • Completion of 33 irrigation schemes at cost of Rs. 15 crore.
  • Rs. 118 crore for construction pakke khal in 53612 hectare area
  • Repair of Jetpura Dam in Bhilwara – Rs. 21.44 crore
  • Renovation of Gopalpura medium irrigation scheme in Baran – Rs. 20 crore
  • Strengthening of canal system in Mahi Project – Rs. 110 crore
  • Rs. 300 for four water concept project in sabarmati, luni, west banas and sukli basin and Rs. 25 crore for Mahi and Bunad
  • Guradia and Roshanbadi small scale irrigation project in Jhalawar – Rs. 100 crore
  • Sprinkler set based choudhary kumbha ram lift project in Churu – Rs. 70 crore
  • Opening up of 11000 hectare area under Indira Gandhi Canal Project 2 and 7000 hectares under Narmada Project for irrigation.
  • Additional Irrigation facility in 8071 hectares in Tonk, Jhalawar, Jaipur, Chittorgarh, Pratapgarh and Banswara

Animal Husbandry

  • 200 sub-centres to be upgraded to hospitals
  • 600 new sub centres to be established
  • Mobile units to be started in 26 tehsils
  • Rs. 3.88 crore for repair and cleaning of Animal Husbandry Hospital buildings
  • Animal Expo at State level
  • Establishment of Malvi cattle breeding farm in Dug, Veterinary diploma course to be started in Dug.
  • Scheme for camel milk research

LOCAL SELF GOVERNANCE

Urban Development

  • Rs. 50 crore for open defecation free urban areas by 2018
  • VGF for solid waste collection and processing
  • HRIDAY scheme for Ajmer – Pushkar
  • Rs. 85 crore bridge in Kota
  • Mukhyamantri Janawas Yojana to be launched
  • Seven flyover-RoB-RuB in Jaipur
  • Development work of Khole ke hanumanji temple
  • LED street lights in 13 cities
  • Underground wiring of Electricity Wires in Jaipur
  • Development of botanical park, central park and silven park in Jaipur

Panchayati Raj

  • New office buildings for new gram panchayats and panchayat samities
  • Grant of more than Rs. 3500 crore to PRIs
  • Rs. 100 crore under Guru Golvalkar scheme
  • Grant for Pakka house scheme for other selected categories of people
  • Additional provision of Rs. 51.90 crore for people in forest areas and special ST groups
  • Mukhyamantri Adarsh Gram Panchayat Yojana started
  • Additional material component fund of Rs. 50 crore for NAREG

SKILL RAJASTHAN AND EMPLOYMENT

    • Establishment of Rajasthan non-resident labour cell
    • Coaching for central services and banking
    • coaching for NDA, CDS exams etc.
    • Establishment of skill and employment department
    • Recognition of prior learning for construction workers
    • Training of 500 artisans by RIICO
    • 15000 SHG formation and benefit to 2 lac women under livelihood mission
    • Extension of livelihood mission to 60 more blocks
    • Starting commercial training in 200 schools
    • Establishment of Saras booths on major NH and State Highways
    • Following steps will be taken for ITIs

      • » Rs. 28 crore for tools and equipments
      • » Rs. 82 crore for seventeen under construction ITIs
      • » 59 computer labs in ITIs – Rs.7.67 crore
      • » Upgradation of production centre in Jaipur, Jodhpur, Kota and Udaipur to ITIs
      • » Plumber trade in 28 ITIs
      • » Dedicated ITI for Art works and graphic
      • » Regional office in Bharatpur
      • » Brand Ambassador Scheme

FISCAL INDICATOR

    • Estimated Revenue Surplus for 2015-16 Rs. 556.82 crore.
    • Estimated Fiscal Deficit for 2015-16 Rs. 20609.75 crore which is 2.99% of GSDP.
    • Estimated total revenue receipts for 2015-16 Rs. 111361.66 crore.
    • Estimated own tax revenue for the year 2015-16 Rs. 47096.05 crore against Rs. 39786.88 crore in the 2014-15 RE, which is higher by 18.37 percent.
    • Estimated own tax revenue for 2015-16 as percentage of GSDP is 6.84%
    • Estimated interest payment in 2015-16 is Rs. 11962.02 crore which is 10.74% of total revenue receipts.

HUMAN RESOURCES AND SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT

    • Development works of Rs. 28.80 crore for various stadiums
    • Establishment of National Academy for Archery and Shooting
    • New Sport Academy for Hockey and Basketball for boys
    • Increase in daily allowance of sport persons participating in competitions organised by Sports Associations.
    • Package for winners of Gold, Silver and Bronze Medals in Olympics, Asian and Commonwealth Games
    • Accreditation Policy for Yoga Training Centres
    • Indoor Stadium in Sports Complex, Udaipur – Rs. 14 croreEducation
      • Upgradation of selected schools to Sr. Secondary School in phased manner in 657 Gram Panchayat
      • One Adarsh Vidhyalay in each Gram Panchayat
      • Construction of 37 Sharda Girls Hostels- Rs. 48.45 crores
      • Additional funds of Rs. 438 crores for 134 model schools
      • Establishment of District School Boards
      • Transport Voucher for Vivekananda Government Model School in same Panchayat Samiti
      • E-teaching and e-training in DIET
      • Rs. 10000 for students of private schools selected in NTSE
      • Construction of new Sainik School in Jhunjhunu

      Technical and Higher Education

      • Development of State Higher Education Development Plan
      • Rs. 33.93 crore for completion of 32 under construction college buildings
      • Scooty for 1650 meritorious girls entering colleges
      • Establishment of new colleges in Ahore, District Jalore and Degana, District Nagaur
      • Establishment of Science humanities research foundation

      Medical and Health

      • Increase of 28% in the BE of 2015-16 over RE 2014-15 for Medical Health and Medical Education.
      • Establishment of 8 new blood banks
      • Establishment of 7 new blood component separation units
      • Construction of 100 new mortuaries
      • Expansion of CHC Abu Road, Sirohi – Rs. 3 crore.
      • Rs. 10 crore for construction works in female hospital in Bikaner
      • Increase in beds from 150 to 250 in Dausa District Hospital
      • Renovation works in District Hospital, Baran
      • Development of 400 delivery centres
      • Community based management of acute malnutrition
      • Establishment of 10 new mother milk bank – Rs. 10 crore
      • Tablets to all ANM in one district of each division on pilot basis
      • Works to be done under PPP

        • »Run a PHC scheme
        • »Haemodialysis in district hospitals
        • »Running CT Scan and MRI machine
        • »Cancer Care units in 17 district hospitals
        • »IVF centre in district hospitals
      • Rs. 7 crore for strengthening food testing lab in Jaipur
      • Construction of 10 natural medicine centres
      • Healthy Rajasthan Campaign to be started
      • Adolescent girls health and hygiene scheme

      Medical Education

      • Master plan for medical colleges
      • Multi disciplinary lab in all medical colleges except SMS
      • Centre of organ transplant in SMS medical college
      • Establishment of bio-medical academy in medical colleges
      • Establishment of nursing colleges on PPP

      Food and Civil Supply

      • Decentralised wheat purchased in Jaipur and Bharatpur Division from Rabi-2016
      • Shifting of weights and measures works to consumer affairs department.
      • Distribution of fortified Atta, oil and salt through PDS system
      • Strengthening of consumer forums – Rs. 16.6 crore

      DIGITAL RAJASTHAN AND GOOD GOVERNANCE

      • Repairs of District Police lines, RAC lines and Training institution- Rs. 48 crore
      • Development of selected Police lines as Police Training Centre
      • CCTV camera in 234 Police station
      • CCTV camera in 22 District Jails and others institutions
      • Upgrade Alwar Jail to Central Jail
      • Modernise Prisoners meeting Room in various Districts Jails-Rs. 2.40 crore
      • Construction of 36 new barracks in Jails
      • E-library at Assistant Director, Prosecution offices
      • Video Conferencing facility at 5 Jails with courts
      • Merger of Civil Defence Department in Disaster Management and Relief Department at state level

      Revenue

      • Houses and Officer building for SDO and Tehsildar-Rs.110 Crore
      • Revenue Lok Adalat Campaign

      Justice Administration

      Opening of new 25 NIA Act Court, 2 Women atrocities court and 4 Civil Judge and Judicial Magistrate

      Gopalan

      Grant for fodder to cattle saved from slaughter

      Science and Technology

      • Establishment of new Sub Regional Science Centre at Udaipur
      • Up gradation of Regional Science Centre, Jaipur

      Informatioon and Public Relation

      • Modernisation of District Information Centres
      • Increase in lump sum benefit given to Journalist
      • 50% rebate in AC and Volvo buses of RSRTC to accredited journalist

Solder Welfare

  • New soldier rest house in Tonk
  • Increase in Pension of pre-2nd world war soldiers and their widows
  • Increase in amount paid to parents of soldiers killed in action after 1.4.1999
  • Increase in reward to Shaurya Padak winners and winners of Army, Navy, Air force medals
  • Call centres for soldiers

Employers Welfare

  • Increase of 10% in fixed salary of Probationers of State Government
  • Payment of uniform allowance instead of uniform
  • Digital life certificate scheme to be launched for pensioners
  • Increase in the scope of special pensionary awards

IT

  • 61 lacs families enrolled under Bhamashah Yojana
  • PACS, LAMPS and e-mitra centres to be made business correspondents
  • Micro ATMs in 9900 gram panchayats
  • 15000 e-mitra Kendra to be established
  • Video conferencing at all ATAL Sewa Kendra
  • Analytic system based on big data technique
  • New IT and e-governance policy
  • Establishment of District Level Office of Information Technology
  • Wi-Fi facilities at earmarked places at Jaipur
  • Creation of Rajasthan State Tourism Portal
  • Creation of Rajasthan Higher Education Portal
  • Establishment of Computer Labs in 2000 schools
  • Beginning of Shala Darpan Programme on Pilot basis
  • Digital Literacy Scheme
  • End to end Computerisation of PDS system
  • E-tuition in Social Justice and Empowerment Department’s Residential Schools and Hostels
  • Implementation of E-dharti programme
  • Strengthening of IFMS
  • Digitisation in DPR record,. Publication of e-book and Development of Social -Media Cell

 

 

 

 

 

by Rohit

log

विकेन्द्रीयकरण :कब तक जनता एक-एक फरियाद के लिए पूरा दिन एक अनिश्चित आस के साथ बिताएंगी ?

13/02/2016 in Decentralization

चाहे सरकार किसी भी राजनैतिक  दल की हो क्या जनता को अपने कार्यो के लिए मंत्रियो के पीछे पीछे जाना पड़ता है जँहा हम लोग रोज की रोज़ी रोटी के लिए संघर्ष कर रहे है वही पूरा दिन मंत्रियो के इंतज़ार में बिताना कहा तक तर्कसंगत है नागौर में पुरे दिन मंत्री का इंतज़ार करते- करते लोग भूके पिय्यासे बैठे रहे .जोधपुर में मुख्य मंत्री के इंतज़ार मै लोग एयरपोर्ट से मचिया पार्क और वह से होटल की बीच अपनी फरियाद लेकर दौड़ते रहे जैसलमेर से छोटे काम के लिए लोगो को जयपुर जाना कहा तक सही है . क्या इतने लोगो के जयपुर जाने की वजए मंत्री जी महीने में १० दिन एक ज़िले में क्या नहीं रह सकते जैसे वाराणसी में Mini पीएमओ तो क्या हमारे राजस्थान में Mini सेक्रेटेरिएट नहीं हो सकता. विकास के लिए विकेन्द्रीयकरण होने से पश्चिमी राजस्थान का विकास भी एक रास्ता है . कब तक जालोर,नागौर ओर जैसलमेर की जनता एक-एक फरियाद के लिए पूरा दिन एक अनिश्चित आस के साथ बिताएंगी ??

by Rohit

2016

क्या चाहते है हम अपने राजस्थान के लिए अगले बजट में?? वित्त मंत्री एवं मुख्य मंत्री से

12/02/2016 in Administration, Development

Before  budget -2016 what we want from our finance minster and Chief Minsiter . Its time to tell them .

by Rohit

Tom_Maisey_-_Jodhpur_Street_(by)

अपने वार्ड मैं 80 लाख से क्या चाहते है जोधपुर के लोग : नगर निगम बजट

12/02/2016 in Development

2014 nagar nigam

निगम कार्यालय निर्माण  3 crore
सामुदायिक भवन     5 crore
घंटाघर क्षेत्र का जीणोद्धार  10 crore
निगम मुख्यालय सुरक्षा सुधर  1 crore
निगम भवन को सोलर  1 crore
जल स्रोतों पैर खर्च  2 crore
फुटब्रिज  50 lakh
जोधपुर ट्रेडिंग ,एक्सहिबिशन सेंटर 10 lakh
निगम ऑडिटोरियम  5 crore 50 lakh
इतिहास संघ्रालय के लिए 25 lakh
गोशाला  2 crore
ग्रीन जोधपुर सिटी 15 crore
कुतो के बाड़े 10 lakh
गांधी नगर योजना दिवस 15 lakh
डंपिंग स्टेशन  1 crore
राजीव आवासीय योजना  10 crore 32 lakh
गुलाब सागर ,फ़तेह सागर  50 lakh

80 lakh हर पार्षद को अपने  वार्ड के विकास के लिए  दिए जायेंगे 796 crore 10 lakh मैं पिछले साल वाला बजट जैसा ही था

हम लोग भी अपने  वार्ड के विकास के लिए  सुझाव दे और पुराने कामो के लिए पार्षदो से पूछे मरुगूंज के जरिये

by Rohit

मरू विकास बोर्ड : बाड़मेर व जैसलमेर

11/02/2016 in Development

मरू विकास बोर्ड की घोषणा वसुंधरा सरकार ने की जिसकी स्थापना बाड़मेर मे होगी |

by Rohit

marwari

10 करोड़ लोगो की भाषा अपनी पहचान ढूंढ रही : राजस्थानी भाषा

11/02/2016 in Rajasthani Language

केवल केंद्र सरकार ही नहीं राज्य सरकार भी राजस्थानी भाषा के लिए कोई ठोस कदम नहीं उठा रही |
REET परीक्षा मै भी राजस्थानी भाषा नहीं थी |
सिंधी ,गुजराती ,पंजाबी हिंदी, अंग्रेजी ,उर्दू व संस्कृत को REET परीक्षा मै लिया है जिनके परीक्षारतीयो की संखिया कुछ हज़ारो मै होगी | जबकि राजस्थानी १० करोड़ लोगो के द्वारा बोली जाती है |
नेपाली ,कोंकणी, मणिपुरी, सिंधी ,डोगरी, कश्मीरी ,बोडो और संथाली भी राजस्थानी की अपेक्षा कम बोली जाती है वो भी रीत में है |
क्यों केंद्र सरकार राजस्थानी की मान्यता में देरी कर रही है |
हर तेरा कोस में राजस्थानी भाषा बदल जाती है पर ये तो हिंदी,तमिल,तेलगु कन्नड़ मराठी, गुजरती बंगाली कोंकणी एवं पंजाबी में ज्यादा अंतर आ जाता है राजस्थानी के मुकाबले |
राजस्थानी को मान्यता न देने के लिए सरकार कहती है की इसकी अपनी वर्णमाला नहीं है पर ऐसे २२ भाषाओ को संविधान में मानयता प्राप्त है
पिछली तीन पीडियो से राजस्थानी अपनी बोली के लिए संघर्स कर रहा है

 

source; www.aapanorajasthan.org

by Rohit

advocate

Jodhpur still waiting for Advocate academy

10/02/2016 in Development

The country\’s first academic insitute for practising lawyers, Centre for Continuing Legal Education & Rajasthan Bar Council Advocate\’s Academy\’ will start functioning from next year at the National Law University.

Justice Dalveer Bhandari of the Supreme Court, hailing the initiative of Rajasthan Bar Council, which envisaged the academy, said that continuing legal education is an integral part of every civil society and this centre will fulfil that requirement.

Stressing on the need for advocates to continuously upgrade their legal knowledge, especially in present times when legal education has become multi-dimensional and multifaceted, Justice Bhandari said that the advocate fraternity cannot afford to continue practicing with what they once learnt.

In US, it was mandatory for advocates to attend refreshment courses and India being the largest democracy, cannot afford to remain lax in legal education, Justice Bhandari said. He also stressed on restructuring the legal education, as it is far from satisfactory now.
Lamenting about the declining standards, he said it could be addressed by institutes like this, where advocates can update their knowledge and enhance their skills through various specialized courses and research works.
Vice-chancellor of NLU, NN Mathur said, \”Considering the complex nature of the country, we will have to identify the areas, where we need to train the advocates of the court, which represent the masses.\” He also emphasized on the research work.
According to Suresh Chandra Shirmali, chairman of Bar Council of Rajasthan, there were only 43 law colleges in the country in mid-fifties, churning out about 20,000 law graduates. The number has increased to over 500 now with nearly 80,000 law graduates passing out every year. This has brought a serious concern about the quality of the education being imparted in these colleges as many of them are functioning under a massive dearth of resources and in dingy buildings. Most of them are not equipped to churn out skilled and talented law professionals, who can face the growing expectations of modern times.
In view of this, the Bar Council mooted the idea of setting up such an academy and the matter was first taken up in the general house meeting in August 2003. Passing through various phases of deliberations, the Bar Council finally delivered a cheque of Rs 50 lakh to the NLU, Jodhpur, early in 2008 and signed an MoU with it.
To be constructed by Rajasthan State Road Development & Construction Corporation Ltd at a cost of Rs 306.94 lakh, the academy will be spread over 1496 sq. metre area and will be double-storied. According to Mathur, the academy will cater to 95% of advocates, who deal with the masses every day in matters like criminal, civil and similar nature and hence will prove a relief for the masses.

 

Jodhpur Still waiting for Academy ???

by Rohit

indian science acedmy

Need Rajasthan Science Academy for Development

10/02/2016 in Development

Founded in 1934 by Sir C V Raman the Indian Academy of Sciences, Bangalore was registered as a Society on 27 April 1934 with the main objective of promoting the progress and upholding the cause of science. The Academy began functioning with 65 Founding Fellows and the formal inauguration took place at the Indian Institute of Science.

On the same afternoon its first general meeting of Fellows was held during which Sir C V Raman was elected President and the draft resolution of the Academy was adopted.

In the same month of 1934, the first issue of the Academy’s earliest publication was published. The Academy from its very beginnings has taken great interest and initiative in publishing science research and today publishes 10 science journals in different disciplines, uses an online submission and review management system that’s trackable, papers are peer reviewed and published content is made available online and open access.

Gujarat Also has Academy

Gujarat Science Academy (GSA) was established in 1978. It is an academy of leading scientists in Gujarat from various disciplines including education, physical and life sciences, broad spectrum of engineering sciences, environmental sciences as well as industries and technology areas. Its activities address a wide spectrum of academic and societal issues with an emphasis on the promotion and development of science. At present time the Academy has more than 257 Fellows and 13 Associate members from various disciplines. A special committee appointed by the Executive Council of the Academy carries out the selection of Fellows and Associate Members

by Rohit

kendriya

पाली में केंद्रीय विद्याला होना चाहिए: एक भी स्कूल नहीं CBSC

09/02/2016 in Education

देश को हज़ारो जवान देने वाले ज़िले में एक केंद्रीय विद्याला होने से हज़ारो बच्चो को फायदा मिलेगा .केंद्रीय विधालय  गुणवत्ता एवं अनुशासन  के लिए पुरे देश में प्रसिद्द है पाली में एक भी स्कूल सीबीससी पैटर्न पर नहीं है

 

केंद्रीय विद्याला के उद्देश्य

केन्द्रीय सरकार के स्थानांतरणीय कर्मचारियों जिनमें रक्षा तथा अर्धसैनिक बलों के कर्मी भी शामिल हैं , के बच्चों को शिक्षा के सामान्य कार्यक्रम के तहत शिक्षा प्रदान कर उनकी शैक्षिक आवश्यकताओं को पूरा करना।

विद्यालयी शिक्षा के क्षेत्र में श्रेष्ठता और गति निर्धारित करना ।

केन्द्रीय माध्यमिक शिक्षा बोर्ड (सी.बी.एस.सी.)राष्ट्रीय शैक्षिक अनुसंधान एवं प्रषिक्षण परिषद्(एन.सी.ई.आर.टी.) इत्यादि जैसे अन्य निकायों के सहयोग से शिक्षा के क्षेत्र में नये-नये प्रयोग तथा नवाचारो को सम्मिलित करना ।

बच्चों में राष्ट्रीय एकता और भारतीयता की भावना का विकास करना ।

प्रमुख विशेषताएँ

सभी केन्द्रीय विद्यालयों में समान पाठयक्रम तथा द्विभाषी माध्यम से शिक्षण

सभी केन्द्रीय विद्यालय केन्द्रीय माध्यमिक शिक्षा बोर्डसे संबंध है ।

सभी केन्द्रीय विद्यालय सह शिक्षा व मिश्रित विद्यालय है ।

सभी केन्द्रीय विद्यालयों में कक्षा 5 से 8 तक संस्कृत पढ़ाई जाती है ।

समुचित शिक्षक विद्यार्थी अनुपात द्वारा शिक्षण की गुणवता को उच्च रखा जाता है

कक्षा 8वीं तक के लड़कों और कक्षा 12वीं तक की लड़कियों अनुसूचित जाति/जनजाति के विद्यार्थियों , के.वि.सं. के कर्मचारियों के बच्चों से कोई ट्यूशन फीस नहीं ली जाती है ।

by Rohit

thar

बाड़मेर थार महोत्सव में सरकार नहीं दे रही सहयोग : पर्यटन को होगा नुक्सान

06/02/2016 in Tourism

barmer1

1987 में शुरू हुआ थार महोत्सव ज़िले की पर्यटन , कला और संस्कृति को बढ़ावा देने का परिचायक बन गया था गुजरात में रण उत्सव , जैसलमेर के मरू महोतसव की तरह देश-विदेश में पहचान बनी और अब पर्यटन को आकर्षित केर रहा है  थार महोत्सव १९८७ के बाद लगातार चलता रहा और बाड़मेर , महाबार किराडू , बालोतरा में कार्यकर्म किये गए थे .पर्यटन विभाग की ओर से २ लाख रुपये इस आयोजन के लिए मिल रहे थे . 2012

Thar Mahotsav

के बाद थार महोत्सव का आयोजन नहीं हो रहा . जिस तरह रण महोत्सव को निश्चित समय आयोजन किया जाता है वैसे ही अगर इस महोत्सव को भी किया जाये तो पर्यटकों को आकर्षित किया जा सकता है साथ ऐसे महोत्सव राजस्थान की कला अ संस्कृति ओर लोक कलाकारों को नया मंच देने के लिए बहुत उपयोगी है बाड़मेर में जैसलमेर की तरह ही शिल्प इको टूरिज्म पेट्रो ओर बॉर्डर टूरिज्म की अपार सम्भावनाये है . बाड़मेर में  देश  के विभिन्न स्थानो के लोग यहा काम करते है जिससे उनको यहा की संस्कृति से रूबरू करने में थार महोत्सव का बड़ा योगदान  है तेल व् पेट्रोलियम के चलते यहा विदेशी भी मौजूद है . सेना वायु सेना एवं बीएसफ में देशभर के विभिन्न प्रांतो के लोग भी यहा रहने लगे है

 

 

 

 

 

 

Source : Patrika

by Rohit

cairn-india

बाड़मेर देता है 3883 करोड़ टैक्स के रूप में राजय सरकार को और १३ करोड़ रोजाना

06/02/2016 in Mines and Refinery

देश में प्रतिदिन ३१ लाख बैरल पेट्रोलियम उत्पादन की खपत होती है | सरकार वर्त्तमान में प्रतिदिन २४ लाख बैरल कच्चा तेल आयत केर रहा है | भारत में प्रतिदिन ७ लाख बैरल तेल का उत्पादन होता है जिसमें से बाड़मेर में प्रतिदिन १.७५ लाख बैरल तेल को उत्पादन हो रहा है | अगस्त २००९ से अगस्त २०१२ तक बाड़मेर से १० करोड़ बैरल तेल का उत्पादन हो चूका है | यहा उत्पादित होने वाले तेल की कीमत ७ से ८ डॉलर प्रति लीटर पद रही है | अंतर्राष्ट्रीय बाजार में इसकी कीमत १०२ डॉलर प्रति लीटर है

राजस्थान मैं वर्ष २०१२-१३ मैंने प्रतिदिन १.७५ लाख बैरल कच्चा तेल उत्पादित किया | ९ लाख घन मीटर प्राकतिक गैस उत्पादित की गयी | तेल उत्पादन पैर राज्य सरकार को २० प्रतिसत रॉयलिटी एवं २ प्रतिशत वेट मिलता है जबकि गैस १० प्रतिशत रॉयल्टी एवं ५ प्रतिशत वेट मिलता है | इस क्षेत्र से पश्चिमी राजस्थान राज्य सरकार को ४९०० करोड़ की आय देता है| अर्थात राज्य सरकार को प्रतिदिन १३.४२ करोड़ रूपया की आय होती है

by Rohit

blue city

Blue City Jodhpur : Lime Paint is safer to child health as compared to lead contain Decorative Paint

05/02/2016 in Healthcare

 

 

AIIMS Jodhpur organised First international Conference on Lead . Western Rajasthan  people are suffering for high content of lead which is very dangeorus to there health. Rather than paint your home with lead contain expensive paint western rajasthan should promote lime based paint  with NEEL to protect there family health also protect there “Blue City Heritage”

Composition of Paints

Paint is composed of two basic ingredients: pigment and a binder; a solvent (thinner) is generally added to change the application characteristics of the liquid. In paint, the combination of the binder and solvent is referred to as the paint “vehicle.” Pigment and additives are dispersed within the vehicle. The amount of each constituent varies with the particular paint, but solvents traditionally make up about 60% of the total formulation. Typical solvents include toluene, xylene, methyl ethyl ketone (MEK), and methyl isobutyl ketone (MIBK). Binders account for 30%, pigments for 7% to 8%, and additives for 2% to 3%. Pigments are insoluble solids, incorporated into the paint to contribute color, texture or some other characteristics. Opaque pigments give the paint its hiding or covering capacity and contribute other properties (white lead, zinc oxide, and titanium dioxide are examples). Color pigments give the paint its color.

Pigments may be inorganic, such as chrome green, chrome yellow, and iron oxide, or organic, such as toluidine red and phthalocyanine blue. The major leadcontaining pigments include white lead, red lead, leaded zinc oxide, chrome green, chrome yellow and chrome orange. Lead is present in these pigments as oxides, carbonates, hydroxides and chromates. Lead in Paints

Transparent or extender pigments contribute bulk and also control the application properties, durability and resistance to abrasion of the coating. There are other special purpose pigments, such as those enabling paint to resist heat, control corrosion, or reflect light.

Vehicles or Binders of paint are the material holding the pigment together and causing paint to adhere to a surface. In general, paint durability is determined by the resistance of the binder to the exposure conditions. Linseed oil, the most common binder, has been replaced, mainly by the synthetic alkyl resins. These result from the reaction of glycerol phthalate and oil and may be made with almost any property desired.

Other synthetic resins, used either by themselves or mixed with oil, include phenolic resin, vinyl, epoxy, urethane, polyester, and chlorinated rubber.

Solvents – thinners are used to adjust the consistency of the material so that it can be applied readily to the surface. The solvent evaporates, contributing nothing further to the film. Solvent most commonly used are naphtha or mineral spirits; turpentine is sometimes used but is very expensive. In paint manufacture, lead is found in the waste solvent-based paint sludges which typically contain 27.5% pigment, 25% binders, and 47.5% organic solvents.

The Indian paint industry is a Rs. 112 billion sector. The demand for paints is relatively price elastic but is linked to the industrial and economical growth. The per capita consumption of paints in India is low at 0.5 kg per capita per annum compared with 4 kg in the South East Asian nations and 22 kg in developed countries. The global average per capita consumption is 15 kg per annum.

Indian paint industry can be classified into two sub segments – Decorative Paints and Industrial Paints. Decorative Paints are acrylic emulsions used mostly in the metropolitan cities and cater to the housing sector. The medium range consists of enamels, is popular in smaller cities and towns. Distempers are economy products demanded in the suburban and rural markets. Nearly 20% of all decorative paints sold in India are distempers.

Industrial Paints include powder coatings, high performance coating, automotive and marine paints. In India the decorative paint segment accounts for 75% of the paint market while the industrial paint segment accounts for 25% of paints sold in India. In most developed countries, the ratio of decorative paints vis-à-vis industrial paints is around 50:50.

lead

The paint industry is further divided into organized and unorganized sector, the organised sector controls 65% of the total market with the remaining 35% being in the hands of nearly 2000 small-scale units

The leaders in the organised paint industry are Asian Paints (India) Ltd. (APIL), Goodlass Nerolac Paints Ltd. (GNPL), Berger Paints, Jenson & Nicholson Ltd. (J&N) and ICI (India) Ltd. Asian Paints is the industry leader with an overall market share of 33% in the organised paint market and has the largest distribution network. The Berger group and ICI share the second Lead in Paints 5 position in the industry with market shares of 17% each. GNPL has a market share of 15% in the organised sector. The demand for decorative paints is highly price-sensitive and also cyclical. Monsoon is a slack season while the peak business period is Diwali festival time, when most people repaint their houses. In the decorative segment, it is the distribution network that counts while in the industrial segment the deciding factors are technological superiority and tie-up with industrial users for assured business. APIL dominates the decorative segment with a 38% market share. The company has more than 15,000 retail outlets and its brands Tractor, Apcolite, Utsav, Apex and Ace are entrenched in the market. GNPL, the number-two in the decorative segment, with a 14% market share too has now increased its distribution network to 10,700 outlets to compete with APIL effectively. Berger and ICI have 9% and 8% shares respectively in this segment followed by Shalimar and J&N with 6% and 1% shares. The share of industrial paints in the total paint consumption of the nation is low compared to global standards. GNPL dominates the industrial paints segment with 41% market share. APIL, the leader in decorative paints, ranks second after Goodlass Nerolac in the industrial segment with a 15% market share. Berger and ICI are the other players in the sector with 10% and 9% shares respectively. Shalimar too, has an 8% share (Table 1).

Table 1: Market Share of Paint Industry Decorative Paint Industrial Paint Company Market share (%) Company Market share (%) Asian Paints (India) Ltd. 38

Goodlass Nerolac Paints Ltd. 41

 

Asian Paints (India) Ltd. 15

Berger Paints (India) Ltd. 9

 

ICI India (Ltd.) 8

 

Shalimar Paints Ltd. 6

 

Jenson & Nicholson Ltd.

A study on lead in paints in India conducted by Toxics Link and entitled “Brush with Toxics” studied different types of paints. Lead content was found to be high up to 140,000 ppm in many oil based enamel paints. Concentrations of lead in 83.87 % of the enamel paint samples were found to be more than 1000 ppm and 61.3% of samples had more than 5000 ppm. The colour of the paint was related to lead content. While yellow and orange coloured paints had the highest concentrations of lead, black and white showed the lowest concentrations (Kumar, 2007)

AIIMS Jodhpur organised First international Conference on Lead . Western Rajasthan  people are suffering for high content of lead which is very dangeorus to there health. Rather than paint your home with lead contain expensive paint western rajasthan should promote lime based paint to protect there child.

by Rohit

marwari-horses-on-trail-275

पश्चिमी राजस्थान के शोध कार्य से मारवाड़ी घोड़े को ५ रुपये से ५००० तक पहुचाया

05/02/2016 in Sports

A-Marwari-horse.preview

 

वर्ष २००७ में राजस्थान में घोड़ो की संखिया २४,५६४ पायी गयी | पश्चिमी राजस्थान के मालानी घोड़े पुरे देश में प्रसिद्ध है | इसके अतिरिक्त मारवाड़ी एवं काठियावाड़ी नस्ल के घोड़े भी पाले जाते है | अधिकतर घोड़े पर्यटन वयवसाय में लगे हुए है | इनके अतिरिक्त पुलिस बालो एवं सुरक्षा बलों दवारा भी अल्प संखिया में पाले जाते है | पुराने रजवाड़े अब भी राजसी वैभव के प्रतिक के रूप मैंने घोड़े पलते है |

आठ लाख तक बिकते मारवाड़ी घोड़े
नागौर ज़िले में फ़रवरी २०११ में आयोजित पशु मेले में मारवाड़ी नस्ल के घोड़े का मूल्य ८ लाख रूपये प्रति घोड़े तक पहुच गया | राज्य में मारवाड़ अश्व प्रजनन एवं अनुसन्धान संस्थान जोधपुर दवारा किये जा रहे प्रयासों के फलसवरूप मारवाड़ी नस्ल की संखिया में तेजी के वृद्धि हो रही है तथा एक अनुमान के अनुसार राज्य में मारवाड़ी नस्ल के घोड़े की संखिया ५ से ५ हज़ार हो गयी है |

by Rohit

g_rajasthan_web

Care Rating :Cement, ceramics, minerals and mining, handicrafts and tourism 80.1% of the Rajasthan GSDP (as of 2012-13)

04/02/2016 in Development

As a growing state faced with numerous challenges, Rajasthan in the last decade has registered some volatility in growth. On an average, the state has grown at a robust 8.5% rate in the last five years (FY09 to FY13).

Rajasthan is well known for its mineral endowments and tourist locations that are important contributors to its GSDP.
Rajasthan is the largest state in the country, area-wise, covering 10.4% of India’s land area.

It however, accounts for just 5.7% of the country’s population, with a contribution of around 4.7% to India’s GDP; largely through the primary sector.
At the micro-level, the state records a per capita income of Rs 47,506 (as of 2011-12), lower than the national average level of Rs 60,603 for the same year, suggesting that there remains scope for benefits of growth to seep to the individual level; a critical aspect for a state that has been for long been classified as a BIMARU state.

This update broadly covers the current economic scenario in the state of Rajasthan along with the government’s performance in terms of fiscal management. Finances of the government in the last three years, FY12 to FY14 (BE) are presented here.

Demographic Factsheet
Population – 6.86 crore persons (as on March 1, 2011), with decadal growth of 21.4%, considerably higher than the national level decadal growth rate of 17.6%. Population density of 201 persons per square kilometre, much lower than the national average of 382 persons per square kilometre. Birth rate of 27.2, death rate of 6.6 per thousand.
Urbanisation – 24.9% of population stays in urban areas
Literacy – 67.1% (as per Census 2011); with male literacy at 80.5% and female literacy at 52.7%
Gender ratio – 926 females per thousand males (Census 2011)

Rajasthan’s Economy
The state has registered an annualised growth rate of 8.3% (at constant prices, CAGR for the period FY09-13). GSDP growth, in terms of current prices has also been robust for the state, settling at 14.7% in FY13.
With continued pressures faced in the mining and energy sector coupled with overall slowdown in economic activity across the country, the state in its budget estimates has factored in rather conservative estimates of GDP growth in FY14.

Sectorally speaking, the secondary and tertiary sectors are crucial for Rajasthan’s economy; together they accounted for 80.1% of the state’s GSDP (as of 2012-13). Cement, ceramics, minerals and mining, handicrafts and tourism are key industries.

Despite the state being a land-locked and arid region, the agri-sector maintains an important position in the state’s economy. The primary sector accounts for nearly 20.0% of Rajasthan’s GSDP. The state is one of the largest producers of oilseeds, coarse cereals, gram, groundnut, soya-bean and pulses.Report4

Budget 2013-14

presents actual accounts (A) for the year 2011-12 and revised estimates (RE) for accounts in 2012-13 along with budgeted estimates (BE) for the year 2013-14. We examine Budget 2013-14 for the state with respect to its revenue and capital accounts and performance thereof –

Revenue Account Profile
Rajasthan since FY11 has maintained a revenue surplus position. As of FY12, revenue surplus of the state stood at Rs 3,357 crore, which dipped to Rs 772 crore in FY13 and is expected to jump back to Rs 1,026 croreReport (Table 1)

 

On the revenue receipts side, tax collections have been robust on the back of increased economic activity (particularly, on the industrial front) which has contributed to higher VAT/sales tax collections. Also, introduction of easy settlement policies by the government has increased the state’s excise collections. With local state mining activity rising and with Cairn refineries starting operation in the state, revenues from petroleum and mining activity are expected to prop-up as well.

In terms of share in aggregate revenue receipts, however, the contribution of central government grants (greater than 13.0%) and tax allocations from the centre (about 26.0%) continues to remain high. This brings in a certain degree of dependency for the state on central government collections and consequently, devolutions.

Encouragingly enough, the shares of development expenditure in aggregate revenue expenditure of the state remains greater than 65.0%. The state is a front-runner, in terms of social security programmes run by state governments across the country. Rajasthan has focussed social spending on educational and medical programmes, along with achieving targets of the World Bank Millennium Development Goals Programme.

The state has discharged its arrear obligations (on salaries and pension) with regard to implementation of Sixth Pay Commission recommendations. Hence, committed expenses of the government are not pressured to that extent. Also, interest expense sustainability ratio (interest payments as a percentage of revenue receipts) of the state remains comfortable.

Capital Account Profile
With the state increasing its expenditure on developmental projects, the capital account of Rajasthan has moved into a deficit since FY12 (Table 2). However, these projects (especially infra-projects) may be viewed as future investments towards capacity enhancement of the state, a positive

Report2

Internal debt of the state accounts for major share of capital receipts; moving from 66.3% in FY12 to 78.6% in FY14, as per budget estimates. Reliance on internal debt (market loans/borrowings) rather than government borrowings is generally viewed as a more prudential and progressive policy.
Developmental capital expenditure of the state is estimated to move from about 69.0% to nearly 74.0% in FY14 (BE), while repayment of public debt appears to be charting a diminishing share trend.

Budget Management & Fiscal Prudence
In a major move towards prudential debt management and support to state public sector entities, Rajasthan is one of the states having accepted the Financial Restructuring Package (FRP) for state power Discoms.
As of June 2013, the state accepted the FRP, whereby the state government has agreed to take over Rs 18,019 crore of short-term liabilities (STLs) of Discoms in a phased manner.Report3

As per the FRP accepted by the Government of Rajasthan (GoR) –
These STLs would first be converted into bonds with moratorium of 5 years and repayment in 10 years. Bonds to be issued by Discoms to participating lenders duly backed by state government guarantee.
GoR is to then take over bonds issued by Discoms by issuing special securities in a phased manner within 5 years of the scheme i.e. up to March 2017, as per schedule below –

Total interest liability of state government on taken over STLs amounts to Rs 17,059 crore (over 16 years, starting FY14).
Repayment of this taken over bond amount (Rs 18,019 crore) is to be undertaken in 10 equal instalments, beginning July 1, 2018.

Remaining outstanding STLs from central banks have already been restructured/ rescheduled, in line with central scheme and do not form part of debt taken-over by state and remain the liability of Discoms.

Although the FRP has been accepted only in the month of June and the state budget was prepared prior to that; the budget appears to have buffered in the impact of the restructuring that was expected and due.
Additionally, as prudential measures, the state follows a pre-defined guarantee policy (a critical policy, given that the FRP is now being implemented) and maintains a guarantee redemption fund to back contingent liabilities of the state. Moreover, Rajasthan has maintained a comfortable liquidity position, without resorting to ways and means advances (WMA) or overdraft borrowings from the RBI, generally used to meet temporary financial mismatches.

Source :- Care Rating

 

by Rohit

NLU

Rajasthan CLAT student also get State reservation like other state

04/02/2016 in Reservation, State Reservation

Reservation DetailCLAT exam is conducted on rotation by 16 National Law University (NLUs) for their under-graduation and post-graduation programmes in law. Seats are reserved for all category students in the all universities. The detail description is given below in the table.

National Law Universities

All India Quota Seats

State Quota Seats

NLSIU Bangalore 75 0
NALSAR Hyderabad 56 14
NLIU Bhopal 54 54
WBNUJS Kolkata 103 0
NLU Jodhpur 100 0
HNLU Raipur 80 80
GNLU Gandhinagar 156 0
RMLNLU Lucknow 80 80
RGNUL Patiala 175 1*
CNLU Patna 60 60
NUALS Kochi 56 48
NLUO Cuttack 106 0
NUSRL Ranchi 60 60
NLUJAA Guwahati 45 15
DSNLU Vishakhapatnam 12 120
TNNLS Tiruchirappalli 90 90

Total = 1929+235# = 2164

1308

621

Intake and Reservation:

1. National Law School of India University (NLSIU), Bangalore

3% (i.e. 2 seats) Horizontal reserved for Persons with Disabilities (PWD) for graduation and post-graduation courses.

Intake and Reservation for B.A., LL.B. (Hons.) Degree Programme:

S. No. Category (All India) Total Seat
 1 Unreserved Category 57
 2 Scheduled Caste 12
 3 Scheduled Tribe 06
 4 Foreign Nationals 05
Total 80

 

Intake and Reservation for LL.M. Programme:

S. No. Category (All India) Business Laws Total — 35 seats Human Rights Law Total — 15 seats
1. Unreserved Category 28 12
2. Scheduled Caste (15%) 05 02
3. Scheduled Tribe (7.5%) 02 01
Total 35 15

 

2. National Academy of Legal Studies and Research (NALSAR) University Of Law, Hyderabad

  • 30% Horizontal reservation shall be applicable for Female
  • 3% reserved for Persons with Disabilities (PWD) candidates

Intake and Reservation for B.A., LL.B. (Hons.) Degree Programme:

Category Seats for All India candidates Seats for Resident Students of Telangana
Unreserved 43 11
Scheduled Caste (15%) 09 02
Scheduled Tribe (7.5%) 04 01
Total Seats 56 14

 

Intake and Reservation for LL.M. Programme:

Category Seats for All India candidates Seats for Resident Students of Telangana
Unreserved 31 07
Scheduled Caste (15%) 06 02
Scheduled Tribe (7.5%) 03 01
Total Seats 40 10


3. The National Law Institute University, Bhopal
 

Intake and Reservation for B.A.LL.B. (Hons.) Course

  • Out of 68 Seats 26 Seats under unreserved category are horizontally reserved for candidates having domicile certificated of State of M. P.
  • 30% Seats are horizontally reserved for women candidates.
  • 3% Seats are horizontally reserved for Persons with Disability.
Category Number of Seats Category Number of Seats
MP State SC 09 All India SC 08
MP State ST 11 All India ST 04
MP State OBC 08 Unreserved Category 68
NRI/NRI Sponsored 18 Supernumerary Quota 02

 

Intake and Reservation for LL.M. Prog.

  • 2 seats are horizontally reserved for Persons with Disability (PWD) candidates.
  • 30% seats are horizontally reserved for women candidates.
  • # Out of 31 Seats 12 Seats under Unreserved Category is horizontally reserved for candidates having domicile certificated of State of M.P.
Category I.P. & Busi. Law Busi. Law Consti. & Admin Law Crim. Law H. R. Law
 M. P. SC 01 01 01 01 01
M. P. ST 01 01 01 01 02
M. P. OBC 01 01 01 01 01
General 05 (02#) 05 (02#) 05 (02#) 05 (02#) 11 (04#)
Total 08 08 08 08 15

 

4. The West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences

Intake for Under-graduation programmes (B.A., B. Sc. And LL.B)

  • 3% Horizontal reservation shall be applicable for Persons with Disabilities (PWD)
  • 10 seats (UR-04, SC-02, ST-01, NRI/NRI Sponsored-01, OBC-A-01, OBC-B-01) out of 125 seats given below, shall be reserved for candidates of the West Bengal domicile.
S. No. Category (All India) Total Seats
 1 Unreserved Category 80
 2 Scheduled Caste 15
 3 Scheduled Tribe 08
 4 Foreign Nationals 04
 5 Sponsored by Non-Resident Indians 18

 

Intake for Post-graduation Programme (LL.M.):

3% Horizontal reserved for Persons with Disabilities (PWD) candidates.

S. No. Category (All India) Total Seat
 1 Unreserved Category 31
 2 Scheduled Caste 06
 3 Scheduled Tribe 03
 4 Foreign Nationals 02

 

5. National Law University, Jodhpur-

Undergraduate Courses:

Candidate seeking admission in NLU, Jodhpur can opt from either of 3 streams namely five years integrated B.B.A., LL.B. (Hons.); B.Sc., LL.B. (Hons.) and B.A., LL.B. (Hons.) Degree Programs.

03% Horizontal Reservation is available for Persons with Disability (PWD) candidates.

S. No. Category (All India) Seats
 1 Unreserved Category 78
 2 Schedule Castes 15
 3 Scheduled Tribes 07
 4 NRI/NRI Sponsored 15
Total Seats 115

 

Post graduate Courses:

Univeristy offers one year LL.M. Program in Corporate Laws, IPR Laws, International Trade Law, Banking & Finance and Cyber Law & Cyber Security.

3% seats Horizontal Reserved for Persons with Disability (PWD) candidates.

S. No. Category (All India) No of Seats
 1 Unreserved Category 77
 2 Scheduled Castes 15
 3 Scheduled Tribes 08
Total 100

 

6. Hidayatullah National Law University, Raipur (Chhattisgarh)-

Under-Graduate Program B. A. LL. B. (Hons.):

  • 3% seats shall be reserved horizontally for Persons with Disabilities (PWD) at the all India level.
  • 3% seats shall be jointly reserved horizontally for the PWD and Dependants of Freedom Fighters (DFF) category of candidates belonging to the State of Chhattisgarh only.
  • 30% seats shall be reserved horizontally for female candidates across all categories of seats.
Category No. of Seats (All India) Chhattisgarh State Domicile Seats
Schedule Caste 12 (15%) 10 (12%)
Scheduled Tribe 06 (7.5%) 26 (32%)
OBC 11 (14%)
Unreserved Category 62 33
Total 80 80

 

NRI/NRI Sponsored, Foreign National and Supernumerary Seats for Wards of Kashmiri Migrants:

S. No. Category Seats
 1 NRI/NRI Sponsored 16
 2 Foreign Nationals 4
 3 Supernumerary Seats for the Wards of Kashmiri Migrants 5

 

Post-Graduate Program LL.M:

  • 3% seats shall be reserved horziontally for Persons with Disability (PWD)
  • 30% seats shall be reserved horizontally for female candidates across all the categories of seats.
S. No. Category (All India) All India Seats
 1 Scheduled Caste (15%) 07
 2 Scheduled Tribe (7.5%) 03
3 3Unreserved Category 35
Total 45

 

Wards of Kashmiri Migrants under the Supernumerary Quota:

S. No. Category Seats
1 Supernumerary Seats for the Wards of Kashmiri Migrants 02

 

7. Gujarat National Law University Gujarat-

Intake and Reservations for UG & PG Programmes:

All India Others Jammu & Kashmir (JK) residents North East (NE) India
Course UR SC ST NRI FN Total    
UG 115 27 14 18 06 180 02 05
PG 38 09 05 06 02 60 01 02

 

8. DR. Ram Manohar Lohiya National Law University, Lucknow-

B.A. LL.B. (Hons.) Five Year Integrated Programme:

S. No. Category No. of Seats
 1 Unreserved 80
 2 O.B.C. of Uttar Pradesh (27%) 43
 3 Schedule Caste of Uttar Pradesh (21%) 34
 4 Schedule Tribe of Uttar Pradesh (02%) 03

 

LL.M. One Year programme:

S. No. Category No. of Seats
 1 Unreserved 10
 2 O.B.C. of Uttar Pradesh (27%) 05
 3 Schedule Caste of Uttar Pradesh (21%) 04
 4 Schedule Tribe of Uttar Pradesh (02%) 01

 

Horizontal Reservation to the following categories for UG and PG courses shall also be available as mentioned below.

S. No. Category No. of Seats
 1 Person with Disability (PWD) 03%
 2 Dependents of Freedom Fighters of Uttar Pradesh 02%
 3 Sons/daughters of defence personnel deployed in Uttar Pradesh or defense personnel of Uttar Pradesh either retired or killed/disabled in action 05%
 4 Women candidates 20%

 

9. Rajiv Gandhi National University of Law, Punjab-

B.A. LL.B. (Hons.) Five Year Integrated Course:

  • 03% (i.e. 05 seats) Horizontal Reservation is available for Persons With Disability (PWD)
  • 10% (i.e. 18 seats) Horizontal Reservation is available for Punjab Residents
  • 01(One) seat is reserved (Horizontally) for Ancestral Resident of Village Sidhuwal, District Patiala
S. No Category No. of Seats
1. Unreserved 134
2. Schedule Caste (15%) 27
3. Schedule Tribes (7½%) 14
4. Foreign Nationals 05
Total Seats 180
5. Additional Seats for wards of Kashmiri Migrants 09
Supernumerary Quota Seats for J&K Residents 02
6. Non-Resident Indian (NRI) 05

 

10.Chanakya National Law University Nyaya Nagar, Mithapur, Patna-

Intake and Reservations for UG and PG Courses:

S. No. Category Percent Seats
 1 Unreserved 50% 60
 2 SCs of Bihar 16 % 19
 3 STs of Bihar 01 % 01
 4 Extremely Backward Classes
(Annexure – I) of Bihar
18 % 22
 5 Backward Classes
(Annexure-II) of Bihar*
12 % 14
 6 Women of backward Classes 03 % 04
Total 100 % 120
 7 Foreign Nationals/NRI/ NRI Sponsored Seats 20
Total   140

 

11.The National University of Advanced Legal Studies Kochi-

Intake and Reservations for five Years Integrated B.A., LL.B. (Hons.):

3% Horizontal reservation shall be applicable for Persons with Disabilities (PWD).

S. No Category All India Seats State Merit (Kerala) Seats
 1 Unreserved Category 56 06
 2 Scheduled Castes 09
 3 Scheduled Tribes 02
 4 Socially and Educationally Backward classes (SEBC) [Kerala] 31
  Total 56 48

 

Intake and Reservations for LL.M. (Master of Laws) Programme:

Category All India Seats State Merit (Kerala) Seats
Unreserved Category 21 02
Scheduled Castes 03
Scheduled Tribes 01
Socially and Educationally Backward classes (SEBC) [Kerala] 13
Total 21 19

 

12. National Law University Odisha (NLUO)-

Intake and Reservations for UG Course:

S. No. Category (All India) Seats
 1 Unreserved Category 82
 2 ST 14
 3 SC 10
 4 NRI 10
 5 Foreign National (FN) 04
Total 120

 

Intake and Reservations for LL.M Programme:

3 % Horizontal reservation shall be applicable for Persons with Disabilities (PWD)

S. No. Category (All India) Seats
 1 Unreserved Category 17
 2 ST 03
 3 SC 02
 4 NRI 02
 5 Foreign National (FN) 01
Total Seats 25

 

13. National University of Study and Research in Law, Ranchi-

Intake and Reservations for LL.B. Programme:

S. No. Category Seats
Jharkhand Other State
 1 General 30 30
 2 ST 16 5
 3 SC 6 9
 4 EBC 5
 5 BC 3
 6 OBC 16
Total 60 60

 

Intake and Reservations for LL.M Programme:

S. No. Category Seats
Jharkhand All India
 1 General 05 05
 2 ST 02 01
 3 SC 01 01
 4 EBC 01
 5 BC 01
 6 OBC 03
Total 10 10

 

14. National Law University and Judicial Academy, Assam-

Intake and Reservations for LL.B Programme:

3% (2 Seats) shall be horizontally reserved for Persons with Disability

S. No. Category Seats
All India State Domicile (Assam)
 1 Unreserved Category 32 15  Seats
 2 Schedule Caste 04
 3 Schedule Tribe (Plains) 06
 4 Schedule Tribe (Hills) 03
  Total 45 Seats 15 Seats
Grand Total 60 Seats

 

Intake and Reservations for LL.M Programme:

S. No. Category Seats
All India State Domicile (Assam)
 1 Unreserved Category 06 01
 2 Schedule Caste 01
 3 Schedule Tribe (Plains) 01
 4 Schedule Tribe (Hills) 01
  Total 09 01
Grand Total 10  Seats

 

15. Damodaram Sanjivayya National Law University Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh-

Intake and Reservations for LL. B and LL.M Programmes:

  • 3% Horizontal reservation shall be applicable for Person with Disability (PWD) of Andhra Pradesh.
  • 2% Horizontal reservation shall be applicable for Children of Armed Personnel (CAP) of Andhra Pradesh
  • 1% Horizontal reservation shall be applicable for National Cadet Corps (NCC) of Andhra Pradesh
  • 5% Horizontal reservation shall be applicable for Eminent Sports Persons of Andhra Pradesh
  • 33% Horizontal reservation shall be applicable for Female candidates of Andhra Pradesh.
S.. No. Category Reservation Total
Unreserved SC
15%
ST
6%
BC
A 7% B 10% C 1% D 7% E 4%
1 Other states 12
2 AP state as a unit 9 3 1 1 2 1 1 18
3 AU Region 21 6 3 3 4 1 3 2 43
4 OU Region 18 6 2 3 4 3 1 37
5 SVU Region 11 3 1 2 2 2 1 22
Total 132

 

16. The Tamil Nadu National Law School, Tiruchirappalli-

  • 03% (i.e. 01 seats) Horizontal Reservation is available for Persons With Disability (PWD)
  • 03% (i.e. 01 seats) Horizontal Reservation is available for Children of Freedom Fighter
  • 03% (i.e. 01 seats) Horizontal Reservation is available for Children of Ex-Servicemen
  • 03% (i.e. 01 seats) Horizontal Reservation is available for Eminent Sports Persons

Intake and Reservations for B.A., LL.B. (Hons.):

S. No. Distribution of Seats (100) Resident of Tamil Nadu All India basis NRI Total
I Resident of Tamil Nadu
1. Unreserved Category – 31 % 14 14
2. BC(O) – 26.5% 12 12
3. BC(M) – 3.5% 2 2
4. MBC – 20% 9 9
5. Schedule Caste(O) – 15% 7 7
6. Schedule Caste(A) 3% 1 1
7. Scheduled Tribe – 1% 0 0
II All India
1. Unreserved Category – 77.5% 35 35
2. Schedule Caste 15 % 7 7
3. Scheduled Tribe 7.5 % 3 3
III NRI 10 10
Total 45 45 10 100

 

Intake and Reservations for B.Com., LL.B. (Hons):

  1. S. No.
Distribution Of Seats (100) Resident of Tamil Nadu All India Basis NRI Total
I Resident of Tamil Nadu
1. Unreserved Category – 31 % 14 14
2. BC(O) – 26.5% 12 12
3. BC(M) – 3.5% 2 2
4. MBC – 20% 9 9
5. Schedule Caste(O) – 15% 7 7
6. Schedule Caste(A) – 3% 1 1
7. Scheduled Tribe – 1% 0 0
II All India
1. Unreserved Category 77.5% 35 35
2. Schedule Caste 15 % 7 7
3. Scheduled Tribe 7.5 % 3 3
III NRI 10 10
Total 45 45 10 100

by Rohit

minerals-ceramics-banner

पश्चिमी राजस्‍थान में मिले पोटाश के नए भंडार

02/02/2016 in Mines and Refinery

जियोलॉजिकल सर्वे आफ इंडिया के सर्वे में श्रीगंगानगर, हनुमानगढ़, बीकानेर और चूरू की धरती में 2476 मिलियन टन पोटाश होने की पुष्टि हुई है। यह पोटाश कहीं 500 मीटर तो कहीं 750 मीटर की गहराई पर है। सामने आया है। यह रिपोर्ट आने के बाद राज्य सरकार ने यहां पोटाश की माइनिंग के लिए ब्लाक बनाने का काम शुरू कर दिया है। यहां अब निजी कंपनियां आकर पोटाश निकालेंगी। उल्‍लेखनीय है कि देशभर में अभी कहीं भी पोटाश नहीं मिला है। हर साल लाखों टन पोटाश कनाडा सहित दूसरे देशों से आयात करना पड़ता है।
यहां मिले पोटाश के भंडार…

बीकानेर, लखासर, गुसाईंसर, हंसेरा, कालू, जैतपुरा, सूरतगढ़, हनुमानगढ़, सतीपुरा श्रीगंगानगर में पोटाश के भंडार ज्यादा होने की उम्मीद है। यहां 400-500 मीटर पर पोटाश आना शुरू हुआ और 750 मीटर तक पोटाश मिलता रहा।

70 बोर बनाकर हुई जांच…

जियोलॉजिकल सर्वे ऑफ इंडिया ने श्रीगंगानगर, हनुमानगढ़, बीकानेर चूरू में पोटाश का पता करने के लिए 1972 से 1993 तक खोज के दौरान 70 बोर बनाए थे। खोज के इस काम को नागौर-श्रीगंगानगर बेसिन नाम दिया गया। यह काम कई और जिलों में भी हुआ, लेकिन पोटाश यहीं मिला। अब दुबारा सर्वे हुआ तो 2476 मिलियन टन भंडार होने की पुष्टि हुई।
कनाडा पर खत्‍म होगी निर्भरता…

खनन विभाग के अधिकारियों की मानें तो खाद बनाने में पोटाश का सबसे ज्यादा इस्तेमाल होता है। पूरे विश्व में जितना पोटाश है, उसकी दस फीसदी खपत केवल भारत में है। भारत सबसे ज्यादा पोटाश कनाडा दूसरे देशों से आयात करता है। बीते साल की बात करें तो देश में 322 डालर प्रति टन की दर से पोटाश का आयात किया गया था। खपत की बात करें तो 2012-13 में 30 लाख टन हो गई थी। ऐसे में पोटाश की खुदाई होती है तो देश के नक्शे पर बीकानेर संभाग का नाम सबसे ऊपर होगा।

अभी ब्लाक बनाने की हो रही तैयारी …
अभी खनन विभाग चारों जिलों में अलग-अलग ब्लाक बना रहा है। फिर यह ब्लाक अलग-अलग कंपनियों को नीलाम करके बेचे जाएंगे। खुद सीएम वसुंधरा राजे इस प्रोजेक्ट में रुचि  ले रही हैं। बताया जा रहा है कि दिसंबर 2015 में जयपुर में रिसर्जेंट राजस्थान 2015 होगा। उसी सम्मेलन में माइनिंग के लिए कंपनियों का चयन होगा। इससे सरकार के खजाने में भी करोड़ों-अरबों आएंगे।

उत्‍पादक जिले होंगे मालामाल

श्रीगंगानगर-हनुमानगढ़, बीकानेर चूरू में सरकार अभी पोटाश की अधिकता वाले जिलों में ब्लाक बना रही है। यह ब्लाक कंपनियों को बेचे जाएंगे। कंपनी श्रीगंगानगर से चूरू आकर वहां जमीन की खुदाई

करके पोटाश निकालेंगी। इसके लिए मशीनरी तो आएगी ही, ट्रैंड स्टाफ इंजीनियर्स भी आएंगे। पोटाश मिलने के बाद यहां खाद फैक्ट्री लगेंगी। फैक्ट्री लगाने के लिए करोड़ों रुपए निवेश होंगे। इसके…

लिए जमीन की भी जरूरत होगी। खाद अन्य कारखाने खुलने के बाद संभाग के युवाओं को रोजगार मिलेगा। बाहर के एक्सपर्ट आकर उन्हें ट्रेंड करेंगे तो युवाओं में और ज्यादा निखार आएगा। चूंकि खाद की सबसे ज्यादा खपत भी इन्हीं जिलों में है। इसलिए भविष्य में खाद का संकट भी नहीं होगा। किसानों को आसानी से खाद मिलने लगेगी
Source: Money Bhasker

by Rohit

badi river

लोकसभा : (पाली ) बांड़ी नदी व नेहडा बांध लगातार प्रदुषित

02/02/2016 in Environment, Lok Sabha

Sixteenth Loksabha

Session : 2

Date : 16-07-2014

Participants : Chaudhary Shri P.P.

 

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Title: Need to send a team of experts to look into the pollution of water affecting the health of people in Pali Parliamentary Constituency of Rajasthan.

श्री पी.पी.चौधरी (पाली) : माननीय सभापति महोदय, मैं आपका ध्यान मेरे लोक सभा क्षेत्र पाली की गंभीर समस्या की ओर आकर्षित करते हुए बताना चाहूंगा कि मेरे क्षेत्र की बांड़ी नदी व नेहडा बांध लगातार प्रदुषित होता जा रहा है। वर्तमान में स्थिति बद से बदत्तर होती जा रही है। पीने के लिए भू-जल खराब हो चुका है। पानी के किनारे बसने वाले पशु पक्षी भी नगण्य के बराबर दिखते हैं। यहां रहने वाले लोगों के स्वास्थ्य में भी निरंतर गिरावट देखी जा सकती है। पाली जिले के किसानों की जमीन बंजर होती जा रही है। यदि उस जमीन पर कुछ उग भी जाता है तो उसकी गुणवत्ता बहुत ही निम्न किस्म की होती है, जिसे बाजार भाव में बेचा जाना संभव नहीं होता है।

राज्य पशुपालन विभाग की रिपोर्ट के अनुसार यहां विचरण करने वाले पशुओं में बांझपन, प्रतिरोधक क्षमता व उत्पादन क्षमता में कमी आदि दर्ज की गयी है। हालांकि प्रदूषण नियंत्रण करने के अनेकों उपायों पर विचार किया जा चुका है, जो काफी नहीं रहे हैं। इस समस्या का निदान जीरो एलडी का प्लांट स्थापित करने से किया जा सकता है, लेकिन उसकी लागत बहुत अधिक है। राज्य सरकार और औद्योगिक ईकाइयां इसे वहन करने में असक्षम हैं। केंद्र सरकार द्वारा इस संबंध में आवश्यक बजट जारी करने के बाद ही इस समस्या को दूर किया जा सकता है।

अतः मेरा सदन के माध्यम से माननीय जल संसाधन मंत्री एवं पर्यावरण मंत्री जी से अनुरोध है कि केन्द्र सरकार द्वारा एक विशेषज्ञों की टीम को राजस्थान के पाली जिले में भेजा जाए ताकि पाली जिले की इस गंभीर समस्या को दूर करने हेतु केंद्र सरकार द्वारा विस्तृत योजना तैयार की जा सके।

by Rohit

RPSC

राजस्थान उच्च न्यायालय ने आरएएस भर्ती साक्षात्कार में देरी करने RPSC को नोटिस जारी ५ लाख लोगो का भविष्य फिर अटका

31/01/2016 in Corruption, Employment

सोमवार को राजस्थान उच्च न्यायालय ने राजस्थान प्रशासनिक सेवा (आरएएस ) के परिणामों की तैयारी में राजस्थान लोक सेवा आयोग ( RPSC ) द्वारा अपनाया अमान्य स्केलिंग प्रणाली के रूप में आयोजित किया जाता है और रॉ के आधार पर आरएएस (मुख्य) के परिणामों को तैयार करने के लिए RPSC का आदेश दिया एक महीने के भीतर के निशान और बाद में साक्षात्कार का आयोजन करेगा।

राजस्थान उच्च न्यायालय ने 3 मार्च से शुरू करने के लिए पहले थे , जो राजस्थान प्रशासनिक सेवा (आरएएस) के लिए साक्षात्कार में देरी के लिए राजस्थान लोक सेवा आयोग ( RPSC ) को नोटिस जारी किया गया है 

याचिकाकर्ता भंवरलाल बिश्नोई के अनुसार, RPSC सीटों की संख्या में किसी भी परिवर्तन से पहले ही बनाया जाएगा कि एक शर्त के साथ फरवरी 6, 2012 को एक अधिसूचना के माध्यम से आरएएस के 289 पदों और संबद्ध सेवाओं के लिए 817 पदों के लिए भर्ती प्रक्रिया शुरू की थी प्रारंभिक परीक्षा। ” इस खंड के उल्लंघन में, RPSC संबद्ध सेवाओं के लिए रास के लिए 360 और 851 के लिए पदों की संख्या में वृद्धि हुई है और वह भी मुख्य परीक्षा के बाद , “

आरएएस उम्मीदवारों की ओर से दायर याचिका के जवाब में राजस्थान उच्च न्यायालय ने राजस्थान लोक सेवा आयोग कच्चे अंकों के आधार पर , इस बार आरएएस मुख्य परीक्षा परिणाम तैयार करते हैं, और ताजा परिणामों के बाद भर्ती के लिए साक्षात्कार आयोजित करने के लिए फैसला दिया है कि घोषित कर दिया। राजस्थान उच्च न्यायालय ने भी वर्तमान स्केलिंग प्रक्रिया , क्यों कच्चे निशान खुलासा नहीं किया गया है और यही कारण रिक्त पदों की संख्या आरएएस मुख्य परीक्षा परीक्षा के बाद बढ़ रहे थे समझाने के लिए RPSC को कहा है।

न्यायमूर्ति मनीष भंडारी RPSC परिणाम घोषित करने से पहले उत्तर कुंजी को आपत्ति आमंत्रित करने का कारण प्रक्रिया का पालन नहीं किया था और आरोप लगाया कि याचिकाओं पर अंतरिम रोक दिया।

इस साल 3.88 लाख उम्मीदवारों को परीक्षा के लिए लेकिन आरएएस परीक्षा आयोजित करता है जो राजस्थान लोक सेवा commisssion ( RPSC ), के आश्चर्य करने के लिए आवेदन किया है, केवल 2.55 लाख उम्मीदवारों राज्य भर में 1100 केन्द्रों के कुल में परीक्षा दे दी है। RPSC द्वारा जारी आंकड़े केवल 66% उम्मीदवारों ने पिछले कुछ वर्षों में सबसे कम है

अभिभावकों का पैसा और यवाओ की ऊर्जा का नुंकसान हो रहा है जिसके लिए कौन जिम्मेदार है एक आस के साथ युवा सालो साल कोचिंग एवं हॉस्टल  में रहे कर परीक्षा की तैयारी करते है  तीन चार साल  में लोगो की ज़िन्दगी परिवर्तित हो जाती है जिससे गंभीरता से लेना होगा

यह लापरवाही राजस्थान के विकास को कम करती जा रही है

 

by Rohit

jodhpur2

Independent fully-functional civil airport in Jodhpur by February 10

29/01/2016 in Development

The Rajasthan High Court has issued notices to the Centre, the state government and Airport Authority of India (AAI) seeking reply about the independent fully-functional civil airport in Jodhpur by February 10.
Division bench comprising Justice Govind Mathur and Justice Nirmal Jeet Kaur issued notices while allowing a PIL moved by LIBRA India, a trust engaged in legal research and advocacy, emphasising the need for an independent civil airport in Jodhpur and installation of various safety equipment like instrumental landing system (ILS). Appearing from the petitioner trust, M S Singhvi argued in the court that despite the city having soared high on educational, institutional, industrial and tourism map in past couple of years, no serious steps have been taken in the direction of ensuring enhanced air connectivity in Jodhpur. “This negligence has been depriving the city of the desired growth and development and has cost heavily on the prospects of the institutional and industrial prospects of the city,” he argued.
The petition, while citing the minutes of various Airport Advisory Committee meetings, has further emphasised on the need for an independent civil airport with adequate safety measures like ILS, resumption of morning-evening flights, etc

by Rohit

petroleum sector

विधानसभा 14/ 1 :आम जन को महंगाई से राहत देने के लिए प्रदेश में पैट्रोल एवं डीजल पर लागू वैट की दर को कम करने का विचार

29/01/2016 in Mines and Refinery, Vidhan Sabha

Q1.क्या सरकार आम जन को महंगाई से राहत देने के लिए प्रदेश में पैट्रोल एवं डीजल पर लागू वैट की दर को कम करने का विचार रखती है ? यदि हां, तो कब तक व नहीं, तो क्यों ? विवरण सदन की मेज पर रखें ।

A1- वर्तमान मे राज्य सरकार के स्तर पर पैट्रोल एवं डीजल पर लागू वैट दरों मे परिवर्तन संबंधी कोई प्रस्ताव प्रक्रियाधीन नहीं है।
Q2. क्या यह सही है कि देश के अन्य राज्यों में पैट्रोल एवं डीजल पर वैट की दर तुलनात्मक रूप से कम है ? यदि हां, तो किस-किस प्रदेश में कितनी-कितनी ? विवरण सदन की मेज पर रखें ।

 

 

A2- पेट्रोल पर राजस्थान राज्य की तुलना मे तमिलनाडु, आन्ध्रप्रदेश, आसाम, बिहार, पश्चिम बंगाल, मध्य-प्रदेश , पंजाब एवं उत्तर प्रदेश, मे वैट दर अधिक है। जबकि डीजल पर तमिलनाडु, आन्ध्रप्रदेश, केरल, मध्य-प्रदेश, छत्तीसगढ़, गुजरात, महाराष्ट्र, गोवा एवं उत्तराखण्ड मे वैट दर राजस्थान की तुलना मे अधिक है। अन्य राज्यों मे पेट्रोल एवं डीजल पर वैट दर का विवरण परिशिष्ट- ‘अ’ मे संलग्न है।

by Rohit

granite india

India Investment in Granite: Indian Mineral Report 2013

28/01/2016 in Development, Mines and Refinery

India possesses one of the best granite deposits in the world having excellent varieties comprising over 200 shades. India accounts for over 20% of the world resources in granite.

The total granite resources in India as on 1.4.2010 are:46,230 million cu m.

As per the Report of the Working Group for 12th Plan (2012-17), the Indian stone production during 2009-10 was 35,342 thousand tonnes, and in value terms, the estimated turnover of the Indian Dimensional
Stone market in 2009-10 was of the order of ` 30,000 crore out of which the southern states accounted for ` 18,000 crore, Rajasthan ` 7000 crore, and the rest of India ` 5000 crore. Granite alone accounts for 2/3rd of the value of
production.

As per the Report for 12th Plan, the Dimension stone market is said to grow at a fervent pace as the demand for granite, marble, sandstone and other dimension stones and stone products is on the rise and are anticipated to grow at around 15% CAGR. A similar rate of growth in exports can also be achieved with the help of suitable policy framework, infrastructure and other facilities which the Industry expects to consolidate for augmentation of prospects. The Working Group for 12th Plan has recommended that well-planned, concerted and dedicated efforts are essentially needed for promotion of Indian stones to galvanise their export prospects. The emphasis needs to be on popularisation of Indian stones in both the traditional markets as well as other niche markets and exploration of new avenues by strengthening the activities of the Centre for Development of Stones (C DOS) in Rajasthan by upgrading it into a national centre of excellence could render the much-needed fillip to the industry as a whole. Alternatively, other options for exporting granite and marble in processed form to maximise export earnings are to develop and promote artifacts and special decorative and ornamental items of high value addition. There is tremendous skill in the country, which can be explored and supported with special incentives. This can certainly bring about substantial foreign exchange addition, as well as significant employment generation.
The Working Group for 12th Plan had observed that the present investment in Dimensional Stone Industry in India is at ` 20,000 crore. Further, it was observed that with the right policy support, the total turnover of the sector could rise to around ` 30,000 crore in 2009-10 and even higher to over ` 40,000 crore by 2012-13, and thereafter, double every five years considering an estimated growth rate of 15%. To sustain this level of anticipated growth there must be a protracted growth, investment flow into this sector to the tune of ` 1,07,500 crore by 2022-23 (including foreign investment).

by Rohit

jalore-granite-rajasthan-india-527314

जालोर की ग्रेनाइट इंडस्ट्री से मिल सकता है लाखो लोगो को रोजग़ार

28/01/2016 in Industrial Development, Mines and Refinery

राजस्थान के ग्रेनाइट का  ७००० करोड़ का इंडस्ट्री विश्व में भारत की २० % की भागीदारी रखता है जालोर , राजस्थान के ग्रेनाइट राजधानी कहा जाता है यह अपने उच्च गुणवत्ता ग्रेनाइट के लिए प्रसिद्ध है । ग्रेनाइट स्लैब और टाइल का निर्यात ताइवान ,चीन,संयुक्त अरब अमीरात,अमेरीका,कनाडा,ब्रिटेन,जापान ,आदि कर रहे है

RIICO  ने जालोर में 4 औद्योगिक क्षेत्रों का विकास किया गया है जिसमें जालोर ,बिशनगढ़ सांचोर और भीनमाल  प्रमुख है और चौथा चरण बागरा में प्रस्तावित किया गया है , सरकार की ओर से फेज चार की  स्थापना की कवायद सालो से कागजो में ही दफ़न है।

ग्रेनाइट से सरकार को करोड़ो को फायदा होता है  जिसमें २० करोड़ से ज़यादा माइनिंग रॉयलिटी और ३० करोड़ से ज़यादा  सेलटैक्स एवं १०  करोड़ प्रोडक्शन एंड ट्रांसपोर्ट टैक्स से मिलता है  २००० करोड़ की ग्रेनाइट इंडस्ट्री कम से कम बीस हज़ार परिवारों को रोजग़ार के अवसर प्रदान कर सकती है ग्रेनाइट इंडस्ट्री पर सरकार की योजनाओ के कारण  उद्योग की कमर टूट गयी है जालोर का ग्रेनाइट उद्योग की  शुरुआत ४५ साल पहले आरसएमडीई के दवारा  तीन लीज के साथ शुरू की . इसके बाद  वर्ष ८०-८१ में सरकार ने इसका व्यावसयिककरण किया . रीको की स्थापना के साथ फस वन में १०० भू खण्डो का आवंटन किया और पहली निजी लीज वर्ष ८२-८३ मैंने मोकलसर में दी . वर्ष ९२-९३ तक दो फेज ओर विकसित किये ओर ४५० उद्द्योग की स्थापना तक हो गयी . वर्तमान में करीब १००० यूनिट संचालित है . सरकार का विकेन्द्रीकरण ना होने के कारण रीको में रिक्त पदो की भरपाई नहीं हो पा रही ओर इंफ्रास्टर्क्चरे के बुरे हाल है  

 

by Rohit

rpsc_650_080314043948

8 लाख अभियार्थियों को मिलता फायदा अगर REET मैं राजस्थानी भाषा को लिया जाता

28/01/2016 in Rajasthani Language

राजस्थान पब्लिक सर्विस कमिशन (RPSC) ने हाल ही में ग्रेड 3 शिक्षकों की भर्ती के लिए रिक्रूटमेंट कम इलिजिबिलिटी टेस्ट (REET-2014) करवाने का फैसला किया है.

REET राजस्थान सरकार की ओर से शुरू की गई एक नई परीक्षा है, जिसके जरिये ग्रेड 3 शिक्षकों की भर्ती की जाती है. अगर आपके पास बीएड की डिग्री है तो इसके लिए आवेदन कर सकते हैं.

छात्रों का चयन REET की लिखित परीक्षा और इंटरव्यू के आधार पर किया जाएगा. आपको बता दें, राज्य की मुख्यमंत्री वसुंधरा राजे ने 2014 के बजट में भी इस परीक्षा को आयोजित करने की बात की थी.

राजस्थान पब्लिक सर्विस कमिशन (RPSC) ने हाल ही में ग्रेड 3 शिक्षकों की भर्ती के लिए रिक्रूटमेंट कम इलिजिबिलिटी टेस्ट (REET-2014) करवाने का फैसला किया है.

REET राजस्थान सरकार की ओर से शुरू की गई एक नई परीक्षा है, जिसके जरिये ग्रेड 3 शिक्षकों की भर्ती की जाती है. अगर आपके पास बीएड की डिग्री है तो इसके लिए आवेदन कर सकते हैं.

छात्रों का चयन REET की लिखित परीक्षा और इंटरव्यू के आधार पर किया जाएगा. आपको बता दें, राज्य की मुख्यमंत्री वसुंधरा राजे ने 2014 के बजट में भी इस परीक्षा को आयोजित करने की बात की थी.

by Rohit

decentalization1

Decentralization : Connect local people and Expedite the development of Western Rajasthan

26/01/2016 in Development

Decentralization of local government refers to a reorganization by moving one or more operations or decision-making responsibilities out of a central city hall and dispersing them into neighborhood areas, closer to the people of the city. It can involve administrative decentralization, in which offices and services are physically moved into neighborhood centers, or representative decentralization, in which policy or decision-making responsibilities are dispersed away from the central city hall. Representative decentralization moves a step beyond ward or district elections of city council members. It involves the creation, through election or appointment, of sub-city councils to make advisory or substantive policy decisions affecting the section of the city served by that council. Administrative and representative decentralization also can be combined.

Decentralization is usually implemented with several expectations.

First, it is expected to increase government responsiveness to the desires and interests of the citizens, thereby improving people’s perceptions of local government and reducing feelings of political alienation. Decentralization creates a more effective complaint response system.

Second, it is expected to expand opportunities for political involvement, thereby creating a stronger sense of community, developing new leadership with new ideas, and strengthening the democratic process. It should allow decision-making to be done in a way that more effectively reflects the desires of the neighborhoods.

Third, it is expected to improve the quality of city services by bringing service delivery closer to the people, improving the information flow and changing city employees’ attitudes.

Finally, by changing the administrative or decision-making processes, it should increase the focus at the neighborhood level.

by Rohit

354705-track-1332646581-410-640x480

क्या पाकिस्तान निकाल रहा है हमारा तेल ?

26/01/2016 in Mines and Refinery

राजस्थान से लगती १०४० किलोमीटर लम्बी भारत पाक सीमा पर तेल गैस के विशाल भंडार स्थित है | पाकिस्तान १९५७ से इस गैस एवं व्यावसायिक दोहन कर रहा है | भारत विगत तीन साल से ही इस क्षेत्र में उतरा है | पाकिस्तान नेह आजादी के कुछ सालो में ही इस क्षेत्र मैंने ५४० कुए खोद लिए जिसमें से १४८ कुओ में तेल व गैस मिल गए | पाकिस्तान अब तक १२६० मिलियन बैरल तेल का भंडार खोज चूका है तथा  ६६० मिलियन तेल का उत्पादन कर चूका है | वर्तमान में पाकिस्तान आयल फील्ड ,ऐटॉक  आयल कंपनी ओरिएंट पेट्रोलियम इंडस्ट्री ,टुलाओ , पाकिस्तान डेवलपमेंट ,एमओल पाकिस्तान , गवर्नमेंट होल्डिंग लिमिटेड व पाकिस्तान पेट्रोलियम पाक में तेल गैस खोज का काम कर रही है | ये कंपनी जिन क्षेत्रो में काम कर रही है  उसमें राजस्थान के डण्डेवाला ,मनेहरा टिब्बा ,शाहगर्ड,बागी टिब्बा व पाकिस्तान की ओर मरी ,कंदकोट ,जकोकाबाद ,नविसर ,खसकेला व तल्हार नजदीक से जुड़े है | भूवैज्ञानिको का मानना है की धरती की ढाल राजस्थान से पाकिस्तान की ओर है | इस कारण पाकिस्तान अपने क्षेत्र से तेल व गैस निकाल रहा है |

by Rohit

malegaon-weavers

राजस्थान विधान सभा: बालोत्‍तरा में पिछले कई महीनों से कपड़ा उद्योग बंद होने से लाखों मजदूरों पर रोजी रोटी का संकट

25/01/2016 in Development, Industrial Development

1. क्‍या यह सही है कि बालोत्‍तरा में पिछले कई महीनों से कपड़ा उद्योग बंद होने से लाखों मजदूरों पर रोजी रोटी का संकट पैदा हो गया है ? यदि हां, तो क्‍या सरकार इस उद्योग को पुन: कोई योजना बनाकर वापस चालू करने का विचार रखती है ? योजना का विवरण सदन की मेज पर रखें।
2. क्‍या यह सही है कि सरकार द्वारा माननीय न्‍यायालय में बालोत्‍तरा लघु उद्योगों को पुन: शुरू कराने को लेकर मजबूत पैरवी नहीं की जा रही है ? यदि नहीं, तो फिर सरकार द्वारा उक्‍त संवेदनशील मुद्दे पर अब तक क्‍या क्‍या ठोस कदम उठाये गये ? विवरण सदन की मेज पर रखें।
उत्तर- 1) जी हॉ। बालोतरा में माननीय नेशनल ग्रीन ट्रिब्‍यूनल के आदेश दिनांक 15.5.2015 के द्वारा CEPT बालोतरा, बिठूजा एवं जसोल से जुडी हुई सभी वस्‍त्र रंगाई छपाई इकाईयों को तब तक बंद रखने के आदेश दिये गये थे जब तक की CEPT को ऑपरेट करने के संबंध मे राजस्‍थान प्रदूषण नियंत्रण मंडल एवं केन्द्रिय प्रदूषण नियंत्रण मण्‍डल की संयुक्‍त समिति द्वारा की गयी अभिशंषाओं की पालना नहीं हो जाती है। माननीय नेशनल ग्रीन ट्रिब्‍यूनल के आदेश दिनांक 04.11.2015 द्वारा इकाईयों के पुन: संचालन की अनुमति निर्धारित शर्तो की पालना की दशा में प्रदान कर दी गयी है।
2) जी नहीं। माननीय नेशनल ग्रीन ट्रिब्‍यूनल के आदेश दिनांक 04.11.2015 द्वारा इकाईयों के पुन: संचालन की अनुमति निर्धारित शर्तो की पालना की दशा में प्रदान कर दी गयी है।

by Rohit

pali

How to make Bandi River of Pali Pollution free with Industrial Development?

24/01/2016 in Development, Industrial Development

Dyeing industries located on both the banks of the Bandi river near Pali town, Pali district, Rajasthan have been discharging fowl smelling, coloured, liquid effluent in the Bandi River. During this study, emphasis was given on the nature and spatial extent of the pollution caused by these dyeing industries. Priority was given to identify the nature of effluent discharged by the polluting industries and its effect on the natural resources, namely, water and soil in the vicinity of the dyeing industries. Samples of polluted water, flowing through the Bandi River, were collected from different locations. Water samples were also collected from dug wells located either on the banks of the Bandi river or away from it in order to assess the spatial extension of pollution in these areas. The fowl smelling liquid effluent discharged by these dyeing industries was seen flowing up to Dholeria village. It was observed that these dyeing industries are causing irreparable damage to agriculture and ground water to an alarming extent. Industrial effluent flows through the Bandi river near Pali town. Geological Survey of India For cloth dyeing, huge amount of water is required by the industries. Water is supplied from the local dug wells in the agriculture fields. High rate of withdrawal of water has deteriorated the quality of ground water as reported by the local people. Wood and charcoal made from wood is used for the boilers in the factories. This has adversely affected the dwindling forest resource of the area. Downstream of Bandi River, near Nera village, a dam has been constructed. The reservoir of the dam is affected by polluted water. If the dyeing industries are not shifted to other locality, irrigation by this polluted water is going to spoil the agriculture fields further downstream of the dam. The analyses of industrial effluent and dug well water samples collected from the area show high concentration of TDS, chloride and sulphate and high conductivity. Lead content in some of the samples is above permissible limit of 0.1 mg/l.

 

The river, if it can be called that, is a stream of dark liquid of the kind that overflows city drains after heavy monsoon showers.

But the Bandi river runs through no monsoon-deluged urban sprawl. It was once, not all that many years ago, a fresh water stream which brought much-needed sustenance for the fields that sat on its banks.

Today it spreads destruction as it travels; the black muck it transports is industrial effluent from some 700 textile processing units in the vicinity. And it spells disaster for the residents of riverine villages in Rajasthan’s Pali district. It presents the classic case of industrial success being accompanied by a serious problem of pollution.

Consider the twin villages of Jaitpur, about 20 km downstream of Pali, on one bank of the Bandi, and Gadwada on the opposite bank. The only irrigated fields in these villages are the ones along the Bandi.

The Bandi river spreads destruction as it travels; the black muck it transports spells disaster for the riverine villages of Rajasthan’s Pali district.

Wells were sunk to lift water for the crops, mainly wheat and a form of mustard, but residents weren’t ever warned about the effluent. When, over time, the well water turned into a coloured liquid – the effect of dyes in the effluent discharged into the river – the farmers stopped drinking it but continued to irrigate their fields with it. Sure enough, in the course of a few seasons their crops either failed or their yields dropped, in some cases to half of what they used to be.

One farmer who suffered is Jaitpur’s Lakshman Ram. He stares dismayed at his barren fields and says: “I don’t know when this land will grow anything of worth again.” Adds Gangadan, the tall, young sarpanch of the Gadwada panchayat that includes Jaitpur: “Many people along the Bandi grew fruits and vegetables on the river bed but that time is past now. Not even grass grows any longer. Pollution has reached us in the last three to four years. Several wells in these two villages have been more or less deserted.”

Jaitpur and Gadwada are typical of the larger problem. District Collector P.K. Deb reels off troubling statistics: “About 20 villages along the Bandi have been affected. While water in 104 wells shows traces of pollution, in another 116, it is not fit for even irrigation, let alone drinking. Some effects of pollution can be seen as far as 50 km from Pali town and an estimated 5,300 hectares of cultivable land on the Bandi’s hanks have either turned barren or now produce reduced yields.”

“I don’t know when this land will grow anything of worth again.”
Lakshmanram
farmer Jaitpur village, Pali district

Deb has tried hard to cope with the problem, but he faces an uphill task. It is estimated that when the textile processing units run at full capacity, the daily discharge of effluents into the Bandi river is in the region of 12 million litres – the payload of 1,200 tankers.Dissolved solids are a parameter for measuring the absorbed waste in water and suspended solids for unabsorbed waste. Two kinds of organisms in the water, aerobes and protozoa, require dissolved oxygen in the water to attack the waste and make it harmless. If the waste is too large in quantity, the oxygen becomes inadequate and the protozoa and aerobes begin to die off. And so does life in the river.

Not surprisingly, then, Deb says the area’s livestock population appears to be affected by skin, gastric and waterborne diseases. He adds that there have been reports of the death of 150 head of cattle but these have been impossible to confirm.

Villagers believe that their health too has suffered, but nobody has done any systematic study and this also cannot be confirmed.

Alarming information comes from the state’s Ground Water Department which has found that since 1978, ground water pollution has increased by 15 km down the river. Ground water also flows in the same direction as river water.

Explains an official: “Ground water and aquifer pollution is slow in coming but once it does, it is exceedingly hard to get rid of.” Because the Bandi is dry most of the year, the effluent is never diluted. The result: ground water pollution along the Bandi threatens to move into river Luni which the Bandi joins about 40 km from Pali.

Before the Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act came into force in 1974, scant attention was paid to pollution. The Rajasthan State Industrial Development and Investment Corporation (RIICO) developed two industrial areas in Pali in the early ’70s.

“Not even grass grows any longer. Pollution has reached us in the last four years.”
Gangadan sarpanch
, Gadwada panchayat Jaitpur

From the first dyeing unit in 1962, the number has swelled to about 700 units today with a 20,000 work-force and a turnover of over Rs 100 crore – and business is still growing. While there is only one large textile manufacturing plant, most of the factories are processing units which undertake one or more of the processes from mercerising to bleaching, dyeing, printing, stentering and calendering. The entire economy of this prosperous town (population: 110,000) rests on this industry.

Unfortunately, most of these units were set up with no provision for effluent treatment. Indeed, many of the units were erected haphazardly in the centre of the town.

When the legislation was finally passed, an area called the Mandiya Industrial Estate was developed so that units within the town could be shifted there. But that didn’t happen as planned. While some entrepreneurs did move out, others started new units but continued to operate their old units too. Today, there are no fewer than 295 units within the municipal area.

These units add to the degree of alkalinity in the effluent. The high alkalinity comes essentially from a process called mercerising – used to heighten the lustre and strength of the cloth – in which the cloth is dipped under tension in a concentrated solution of alkali.

As early as 1976, RIICO decided to have an effluent treatment plant at Mandiya with a capacity of 4.50 million litres of effluent per day – and it expected textile unit owners in Mandiya to pay the cost of setting it up.

By the time the plant became operational in 1983, the entrepreneurs ended up paying six times more than what had been asked for earlier. Even so, the Rs 50-lakh plant was to prove a disaster. It costs about Rs 1 crore a year to run and runs at 25 per cent capacity because entrepreneurs refuse to pay its running cost.

“The truth is that RIICO officials never bothered to take samples of effluent or even talk to us before setting up the plant.”
M.L. Thanvi president, Rajasthan Textile Hand Processors Association

The running costs are higher than anticipated because, ironically enough, the Bombay textile strike led entrepreneurs to set up a large number of mercerising units. And mercerisation increases the alkalinity of the effluent requiring large quantities – 14 tonnes per day – of sulphuric acid to neutralise it. Complains a RIICO official in Jaipur: “There were few mercerising units at the outset but now there are about 100 of them. How could we have anticipated that?””That explanation is nonsense,” snaps M.L. Thanvi, president of the Pali-based Rajasthan Textile Hand Processors Association. “The truth is that RIICO officials never bothered to take samples of effluent or even talk to us before setting up the plant. If they had bothered so much as to read our project reports submitted to them, they would have found that most entrepreneurs planned to go in for mercerising sooner or later.”

However, even presuming that it had functioned successfully, the plant would have reduced, not solved the problem of pollution. It caters only to the 300-odd units in Mandiya.

Belatedly, the authorities are beginning to take notice. RIICO is no longer allotting plots to textile units. And the Rajasthan State Board for Prevention and Control of Water Pollution has filed cases against 66 textile units for discharging untreated effluents.

While this action has undoubtedly put entrepreneurs under pressure to fall in line, the board has made limited attempts to actually help solve the problem.

The units are so small that the ultimate solution can come only from combined treatment for all factories on a cooperative basis. Deb feels that the first step would be to shift all mercerising units to a single area so that their waste water can be collected at one point.

A caustic deposit plant would not only get rid of the alkalinity but the caustic thus recovered would to some extent cover the cost of running the plant. Meanwhile, the price to pay for fouling ground water keeps rising relentlessly.

Problems Related To Dyeing Industries of Pali, Rajasthan

1. There are only five treatment plants, which is not sufficient to treat the total volume of wastewater generated by industries.

2. Probably all the dyeing units are not linked with the drains which carry industrial waste water to treatment plants in order to avoid direct disposal of untreated effluent to the Bandi River.

3. BOD & COD of untreated wastewater has been recorded as 43 to 140 mg/l (permissible limit 30 mg/l) & 464 to 1320 mg/l (permissible limit 250 mg/l) respectively. Effluent treatment was not able to make the water colourless and reduce TDS.

4. Treated water is not fit for irrigation due to high content of TDS and can only be reused in dyeing industries.

5. Industrial wastewater flowing through Bandi River generates foul smell causing vomiting sensation to the people in the affected areas. Geological Survey of India

6. Irrigation by polluted water has rendered agricultural fields infertile.

7. There is an irrigation dam constructed downstream of Bandi River. Dam water has been found to be polluted by the effluents and may spread pollution further downstream of the dam.

8. Firewood provided to boilers of the dyeing industries is collected from local forest causing large scale deforestation.

Remedial Measures as suggested by GSI

1. No industrial unit should be allowed to discharge untreated effluent directly into the Bandi River.

2. Treatment capacity of industrial effluent treatment plants should be further augmented to treat entire volume of effluent generated per day.

3. Treatment should be more effective. Search for better treatment methods should be carried out at national and international levels.

4. Treated water should be used only in dyeing industries as it is unfit for use in irrigation.

5. Fire wood used for boilers should be replaced by lignite, CNG, cow dung cake and pellets of crop refuge.

6. Similar remedial measures should be adopted for other dyeing industries of Rajasthan located in Sanganer, Bhilwara and Balotra.

by Rohit

Mineral in Pali

MINERAL RESOURCES OF PALl DISTRICT

24/01/2016 in Mines and Refinery

The district takes its name from the town of Pali which is also headquarters of the district administration. The place has been referred to as \”Palika\” in the old inscription when and how the town acquired the short name of pali is unknown.

The district stretches roughly from 24°45\’ to 26°29\’ north latitudes and 72° 47\’ to 74° 18\’ east longitudes having total area of 12,387 sq. km. It is bounded in north by Jodhpur and Nagaur, in the north east by Ajmer, in the south-east by Udaipur, in the south west by Sirohi & Jalor districts and its vertex in the west touches tri-junction of Barmer, Jalor & Jodhpur districts. It comprises 7 tehsils namely jaitaran Raipur sojat Pali, Marwar Junction, Bali Geology: & Desuri.The District is well connected by rail i.e., Delhi- Ahemdabad  section  of North-Western Railway and Jodhpur-Marwar section of North-Western Railway. A net-work of roads is spread over the district connecting many villages and important cities of Rajasthan like Jodhpur, Jaipur Ajmer, Sirohi, Udaipur etc.

The shape of the district resembles to an irregular triangle and has generally undulated plains with scattered hills. The Aravalli Range runs along the eastern side of the district from south-west to north-east. The highest peak in the district is 1,099 m. The tributaries Lilri, Sukri, Bandi and Jawai. Discharge their water into Luni, the principal drainage of western Rajasthan. The climate of the district is, on the whole, dry and is very hot in summer and cold in winter. Normal annual rainfall in the district is about 47 cm.

 

Geology:

Geological configuration of Pali district is quite complex. It is comprised of heterogeneous assemblage of different litho units of igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic origin.

 

The geological Sequence Worked out by G.S.I. is given as under:

Supergroup/Age                                Group                                     Lithology

Quarternary                                                                                         Alluvium & wind blown sand

Nagaur Group                         Sandstone, gypsum & siltstone

Marwar Supergroup                            Bilara Group                           Limestone, chert & dolomite

Jodhpur Group                        Sandstone, shale, boulders,

chert.

Middle to U. Proterozoic                    Malani Igneous Suite              Granite (Jolor type)

Rhyolite & pyroclastics with dykes of granophyre

Erinpura Granite                     Granite and gneiss
Punagarh Group                      Basic volcanic with pillow

lava, meta tuff, quartzite, shale, slate phyllite, bedded chert

Delhi Supergroup                                   Sirohi Group                           Phyllite, mica schist, biotite

Lower to MiddleProterozoic                                                                 schist, dolomitic marble,

migmatite & gneisses epidiorite, Hornablende

Sendra-Ambaji Granite           Granite and gneiss

Phulad Ophiolite Suite            Hornblends schist, amphibolite, pyroxene granulite, gabbro & ultramafics.

Kumbhalgarh Group               Calc schist, marble, granite

schist/amphibolite, biotite schist, quartzite, mica schist and  migmatite

The oldest & prominent rock exposed along district belongs to Delhi supergroup comprising southern, eastern and north eastern margine of the metamorphosed ferruginous and massive clastics.

 

With subordinate chemogenic sediments and associated intrusive and e\’xtrusive phases. Rocks of this Supergroup have been further classified in Kumbhalgarh, Sirohi & Punagarh Groups.

The Delhi\’s are succeeded by a sequence of unmetamorphosed sedimentary rocks comprised of sandstone, limestone, siltstone, gypsum beds, This Supergroup is further divided into Jodhpur Group, Bilara Group & Nagaur Group.

The Delhi\’s are intruded by granites and rhyolite. The predominant is the Erinpura Granite.

Mineral Resources

Pali district is endowed with wide variety of minerals. Both metallic and non metallic minerals are found. Good quality deposits of asbestos, limestone, gypsum, magnesite, quartz are found which have been exploited for last so many years.

The details of mineral deposits are given below.

 

Copper

Copper mineralisation has been reported from following localities: ­

Chitar: A well developed gossan zone was located by state department at 10 kms. from Sandra railway station. It runs along sericitic quartzite and amphibolite of Delhi Supergroup. The strike length of zone is about 2.5 kms. and width varies from 1 to 5 m. As a result of exploratory

drilling totalling 1755 m. in 27 bore holes, a thin zone of mineralisation was proved, extending over a strike length of 350 m. up to 76 m. down the dip. A total of 0.26 million tonnes of ore reserves containing 0.917% Cu at a cut off of 0.6% Cu has been assessed in this area.

 

Naya Kheda: A gossan zone was located by state department near Naya Kheda, 20 km SSW of Sandra railway station. It is intermittently exposed for about 800 m. along strike in the form of letter \”L\” with width varying from less than one meter to as much as 15 m. The country rocks are Hornblende schist of Delhi supergroup As a result of the prospecting work including drilling (1796 m. in 14 bore holes), a total of 0.05 million tonnes of ore reserves having 28% sulphur, 0.5% Copper and 1.76% Zinc up to 100 m. depth.

 

Lead

Small occurrences of lead mineralization are located near Punagarh and Sandra area. Here mineralization is of disseminated and vein type and shows erratic nature. It is associated with slate/phyllite of Delhi Supergroup.

Nickel

Minor indications of nickel are noticed around Ranakpur. The occurrence is not of economic value.

Thngsten

During the field investigation carried out by the Department of Mines & Geology, numerous scheelite bearing skarns were located near village Kararavav, Kuram, Bhimana, Sirava, Thandiberi etc. in tehsil Bali. Skarns revealed presence of scheelite at surface under U. V. lamp at many places, particularly due SE of Kararavav and due east of Bhimana village. The analytical results of surface and core samples obtained from 685 m.drilling in six bore holes, indicate that scheelite mineralisation is erratic, surficial and feeble, except in few localised pockets.

 

Asbestos

The asbestos deposits in Pali district are located near Dhal, Mala-ka-Guda, Sendra, Pateria, Chhagri-Ka Bhagal, Goria, Dhambarli, Kanotiya & Ramgarh. The descriptions of important deposits are given as under.

 

Ramgarh-Kanotiya deposit: Ramgarh-Kanotia deposit is located on a hill near village Kanotiya about 800 m.east of Ramgarh village. Asbestos is generally found associated with chlorite-mica-schist and talc schist and occasionally with vermiculite and is of tremolite-anthophyllite slip fiber variety. The veins range in width from 15 to 50 cm. and pinch out within a depth of 10 to12 m.

 

Manpur deposit: This deposit is located near the deserted village of Manpur. A thin band of chloritic schist is associated with the asbestos in form of veins ranging in width from 15 to 60 cm. Generally the veins do not persist to any great depth beyond 8 to 10 m.

Goria deposit: This deposit is located about 5 km. SW of Goria village. Thin veins of magnesite and asbestos found to occur- throughout the whole at highly weathered ultra basic Veins up to 60 to 70 cm thick have been found to occur but they appear to pinch out at a depth of 9 m. The asbestos in tremolite cross fiber type and is hard, brittle and shows numerous fractures due to minor faulting.

Dhal deposit: This deposit is located near the village Dhal where asbestos of tremolite variety occurs as veins as much as15 cm. in thickness in altered calc-gneisses.The asbestos is hard, brittle and woody in appearance. The deposit is small and does not appear to be of any commercial importance.

 

Chhagri-ki-Bhagal-pateria deposit: Asbestos occurring in these deposits is of tremolite variety. The veins are short, irregular and discontinuous. Asbestos is hard, light yellowish coloured with occasional short and weak fibre. The reserves in above areas have been estimated to be 6500 tonnes upto a depth of 20 m. and 320 tonnes upto a depth of 5 m.only.

Small occurrences of asbestos are also noticed near Sandra, Belphana and Halawal villages.

White clay

At Literia large deposit of white clay was located near the top of the limestone of the Vindhyans and overlain by pebble beds. It is grayish while in colour but upper part of the deposit is iron stained. The average thickness of clay bed is 2 m. It possesses fair degree

of plasticity, the water of plasticity being 25.01 %. A total of 0.25 million tonnes. of reserves have been estimated by the state departmental.

Felspar Quartz

The pegmatites occurring around Beranthia Khurd, Bhanuira, Kalyanpura, Kalakot, Raira in Raipur tehsil near villages Nana in Bali tehsil and Sitapura in Sojat tehsil consist mainly of quartz & felspar. The felspar is of pink variety.

Calcite

Calcite occurrences are located at Bara Guda, Budha Lawa, Kalhab, Kapil-Ki -Bagal, Piplan, Nana, Khemel, Alipur, Khoral, Patan, Oayalpur etc. These areas mainly fall in Raipur and Jaitaran tehsil. A number of small pockets are being worked.

Besides, existing mining leases, there are number of small pockets and lenses of calcite occurring in Bali and Desuri tehsils which have no economic viability.

Magnesite

The magnesite deposits of Sarupa-Chhaja, Gafa and Airaberi are located in the thickly forested border areas of Ajmer and Pali districts. In Airaberi area the thickness of magnesite veins vary from 0.5 cm to as much as 12 cm. The mineralisation appears good and persists under depth of 8 m. The maximum recovery in some pits has been noticed up to 15% of the parent rock.

Small occurrences of magnesite are noticed around Koyalvav, Bhimana, Charia ki Bhagal in Bali tehsil and near Bhira in Raipur tehsil.

Garnet

This mineral has been exploited in past near Devkhedi and Karanpur villages of Raipur tehsil. It is found in garnet-mica schist and is of abrasive variety. Some times garnet on being broken, yields pieces of gem quality.

Mica

This is found associated with quartz, felspar in pegmatits near Kalatiya, Khemal etc. villages.

Soap stone

Small occurrences of soapstone associated with asbestos in ultrabasic rocks are reported from Kanatia & Manpura in tehsil Raipur.

 

Read ochre/Red oxide

It is observed near Botha-ki-Dhani in Raipur tehsil where it was being exploited by private mine owners. Red oxide and clay are also found around jaitpura & Shyamgarh and have also been worked in past.

Graphite

Small occurrences of graphite are located near Bar­- Railway station. Preliminary investigation by department has shown that carbon content varies from 6-8% only.

Gypsum

Gypsum has been worked in past near Khutani village. Mineralisation occurs over an area of about 1 sq. km. with an average thickness of 1 m. About 0.23 million tonnes reserves having 87% CaSO4 was proved by Department. This deposit was worked earlier by RSMM & private mine owners.

Wollastonite

The occurrence of Wollastonite found near Khera­Uparla village of Udaipur district also extends into Pali and Sirohi districts. The deposit was investigated by G.S.I. and 56 million tonne reserves have been inferred tentatively.

 

Lime stone:

The limestone of Delhi Supergroup occurs in Pali district in the form of ridge continuing from south of Longia in north to Deoli-Hulan in South interuptedly. The nearest railway station is Bar in north and Guria in south of Delhi-Ahmedabad line of western railway. The limestone is coarsely crystalline, having grey to dirty white colour intruded by pegmatitic at places. Limestone is also found in Nana, Kararavav and Thandiberi areas.

Deposit wise description is given below: -1

Limestone Deposit near Ras: The limestone occurs near Ras, Morai, Nimbara-Khurd, Tunkra, Butiwas etc. villages of tehsil Raipur. The area can be approached through Samokhi situated on Jodhpur-Ajmer highway. The nearest railway station is Bar situated on Delhi­Ahmedabad main line of the WR and is 10 kms away from the deposit. Limestone is coarse crystalline in nat0ure, light grey to dirty white in colour and is thickly bedded. The general strike of the belt is N30E with rolling dips and occurs as straight ridges from Longia in north to Deoli-Hullan in south for strike length of about 100 kms. Preliminary investigations revealed possible reserves of 202 million tonnes in 25 sq.kms. Area prospected near Ras. The average grade comes to be Cao 48%, MgO 1.03% and SiO2 8.8%. The department had carried out investigation just south of Ras earlier by drilling 30 boreholes totalling 721 m. in 9 sq. kms.area and proved about 47.37 million tonnes reserves of drill indicated and 37 million tonnes of inferred category. However, looking to the extension of the belt and its vicinity to road and rail the area was re-examined in 1993-94 and samples were collected.

On the basis of analysis results of the samples and past work, the area was divided in 9 blocks of about 25 sq. kms. each. Out of these 9 blocks, 4 northerly blocks fall in sanctioned areas of M/s. DLF Cement Limited (Now Gujarat Ambuja Cement) and M/s.  DLF Cement Limited. (Now Gujarat Ambuja Cement) and  M/s  shri cement  limited. In the remaining 5 areas approximate reserves have been calculated as under (above ground level):

 

 

Block -1                                                    99.00 million tonnes

Block -2                                                     99.00 million tonnes

Block -3                                                     120.00 million tonnes

Block -4                                                     61.00 million tonnes

Block -5                                                    140.00 million tonnes

 

Limestone Deposit. near Guria-Dhunimata-Deoli­Hullan: The limestone deposit is located just south of Guria railway station on Delhi-Ahmedabad meter gauge main line of the western railway. It trends SSW-NNE for an extent of about 11.00 kms. It is the southern continuity of Ras limestone belt. It is grey to grayish white in colour, fine to coloarse grained and saccharoidal in nature. 85 million tonnes limestone reserves containing 43% to 50% CaO, 0.19% to 1.56% MgO, 6 to 14% SiO2 have been assessed upto 35 m. depth measured from top of the hill. The investigations reveal that major portion of the belt is of cement grade. Limestone near Dhunimata is dolomitic. Part of the area falls in reserve forest.

Limestone Deposit near Thandiberi-Siyava: The deposit is northern extension of Amli – Pindwara belt of Sirohi district. The limestone is part of Kumbhalgarh Group of rocks of Delhi Supergroup. The rock formation extends from village Thandiberi to north of Bharja village. The strike extension being 9 kms and maximum width is 2.7 kms. The northern part of this limestone is siliceous. The limestone around Kakarla, Kararavav, Bhill colony contains 47% CaO, 7.8% SiO2 and is suitable for cement manufacture. About 8.2 million tonnes reserves have been estimated. Partly the area is in reserve forest.

Limestone Deposit near Nana-Kararavav: Limestone Deposit occurs near villages Kararavav, Kakdara, Railya etc. in Tehsil Bali. The nearest railway station Nana, on Delhi-Ahmedabad main line of the WR, is 8 kms. from the deposit. Limestone occurs in the form of hillocks trending N 100-45OE, dips ranging from 55° to almost vertical. Reserves of 15 million tonnes have been inferred containing 47% CaO, 7.6% Si02 and 2% MgO.

A long band of limestone is also located west of Kotaria over a strike length of about 1 km. It appears to be of cement grade.

Limestone Deposit near Mandla-Atbara: The limestone deposit of Mandla-Atbara, Rundla in Pali district is the part of the main limestone belt stretching over a length of 160 kms and 0.80 kms to 12 kms wide belonging to Marwar Supergroup trending ENE. The limestone of this belt comprises mainly SMS/Chemical/Cement grade having intercalations of cherty and siliceous limestone in the form of intermittent bands. Many mining leases are in operation. In Rundia area 14.40 million tonne reserves containing 45% CaO & 0.5 to 2.89% MgO have been estimated by the Department.

Marble

The search for marble in Pali district began during 1960 when first marble deposit was explored at Bheru,.Ka-Baria near Bar-Sendra. Due to varied colours and rarely seen natural figures, the marble of this district gained importance and opened up avenues for search of such more marble areas. As a result the deposits at Jadri, Sindru, Diyana, Bankli, Khiwandi, near Sumerpur town in Bali tehsil, Gurah and Kantaliya in Raipur tehsil have come up. The following table gives a summary of marble occurrences of Pali district along with their salient features

 

 

 

Name of deposit/area                          Physical character                                  Nature

Bheru Ka Baria near Bar                     Pinkish & reddish                              Calciticsilicious

Bankli Khiwandi near Sumerpur        Multi coloured                                   Calciticsiliceous

Sindru-Diyana                                     Banded, pinkish, greenish                 Calcitesiliceous

 

Jadri near Falna                                 Banded, pinkish, greenish                 Calciesiliceous

 

Guraha near Babra                            Pinkesh                                               Calciesiliceous

 

Kantala near Sojat Road                    Pinkish                                             Calcitic Siliceous

—————————————————————————————————————-

Building Stone: Extensively worked Bar conglomerate at Bar, Giri and Lawacha in Raipur tehsil being the only deposits in the district, which yields roofing and flooring slabs upto 6 m. long, 0.5 m. wide and 6 to 12 cm. thick. Small deposits of sandstone in the vicinity of Sojat are also being worked as masonry stone and at places slabs are also produced.

 

Granite: Granite occurs in a large area in southern part (Bali-Desuri-Nana) area of Pali district and also between Bar & Sandra in Ne part of the district. This granite is mainly Erinpura granite. It is off white to pink, coarse and porphyritic in nature. Small exposures are also located along Jodhpur-Pali road and at the border of Pali-Jalor district, i.e.; in SW part. In past it was used as masonry stone but after declaring the Granite Policy in 1995 by state Government, the investigations were taken up to decide the suitability of granite of Pali area as a decorative stone. As a result of which many new leases have been sanctioned in Kharda-Ki-Dhani, Dharm-Dhari-Chotila, Bali-Maniyari, Nadol-Narlai, Kotsamariya, Bar-Sandra- JhakKi-Chowki, Ramniya, Jawariya, Natra-Jhakhora-Rajora areas.

 

\"\"

by Rohit

rajasthan-industry-map

Current Status of Industry In Rajasthan

21/01/2016 in Development

RAJASTHAN ON INDUSTRIAL MAP

The State of Rajasthan has been marching ahead in terms ofindustrialisation. Due to consistent
support and growth strategy adopted by the Government, the large, medium and small scale units
are increasing every year. Rajasthan today has over 367 medium and large scale industries prov
-iding employment to 122 thousand people and over 2.29 lac small scale industries employing 8
lakhs people. Investment in the large and medium sector is estimated to be Rs. 16948 /- crores
and the figure stands at Rs. 3296 Crores for the small scale sector. Following table gives the
growth of small scale industries in Rajasthan during the last 3 years

Details of Micro & Small Industries

(Year-wise information of MSMEs )

Year Registered MSEs (Cum. Lakh numbers) Cumulative investment ( Rs. in crores) Cumulative employment (persons in lakhs)
2006-07 2.91 5918.63 11.51
2007-08 3.05 7397.88 12.35
2008-09 3.19 8888.20 13.16

Source : Commissionerate of Industries, Rajasthan.

Large and Medium Scale Industries

No of units separately registered under medium and large scale..

Type of Industry No. of Registered (Numbers) Cumulative investment (Rs. in crores) Cumulative employment (persons in No.)
Medium Scale Industry 64 1200.69 11029
Large Scale Industry 206 36307.77 117527

Division wise details of the units

S.No. Name of the District Registered
Units (Nos.)
Employment
(Nos.)
Investment
(Rs .in lakhs )
Ajmer Division
1 Ajmer 9 4084 3025.82
2 Tonk 6 1765 311.37
3 Bhilwara 38 25068 3098.91
4 Nagaur 3 430 189.87
Total 56 31347 6625.97
Bharatpur Division
1 Bharatpur 1 2735 81.35
2 Dhoplur 2 690 43.72
3 Alwar 74 17561 6032.82
4 Karoli 0 0 0
Total 77 20986 6157.89
Bikaner Division
1 Bikaner 1 462 12.71
2 Churu 1 35 11.67
3 Hanumangarh 2 1476 22.09
4 Sriganganagar 8 4262 5517.95
Total 12 6235 5564.42
Jaipur division
1 Jaipur 27 7653 1394.15
2 Dausa 0 0 0
3 Jhunjhunu 2 3078 391.93
4 Sikar 4 1593 124.14
Total 33 12324 1910.22
Udaipur Division
1 Udaipur 27 8828 849.12
2 Chittorgarh 0 5174 3139.92
3 RajSamand 2 3818 534.67
4 Dungarpur 4 3628 287.10
5 Banswara 7 11948 117.03
Total 44 33396 4927.84
Jodhpur Division
1 Jodhpur 12 3406 660.63
2 Pali 5 4175 1075.48
3 Sirohi 8 4172 3930.81
4 Jalore 2 133 13.87
5 Barmer 0 0 0
6 Jaiswlmer 0 0 0
Total 27 11886 5680.79
Kota Division
1 Kota 12 6375 5283.19
2 Bundi 4 2090 247.47
3 Jhalawar 1 3535 343.28
4 Baran 2 292 731.94
5 Sawai Madhopur 2 90 35.82
Total 21 12382 6641.7
Grand Total 270 128556 37508.83

 

EXPORTS
variety of traditional as well as non-traditional items are exported from Rajasthan. These include
precious and semi precious stones, jewellery, readymade garments, carpets, handicrafts, leather goods,
chemicals,minerals, marbles, granite, engineering products etc. The Govt. has identified exports as a
thrust area in its Industrial Policy, 1998. As a result of this, export from the state which was Rs.
688 Crores in the year 1991-92, has substantially increased to Rs. 4534 Crores in 2000-01 thereby
registering a three fold increase during these years. This has contributed to 8% share in the total
exports from our country. Export of differ.
Items from Rajasthan during the last three years is given in the following tableV.

Break-up of export of various items of Rajasthan during the last Four years.

S.No. Description of the Item

Exports (Rs. In Crores)

2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09
1. Textiles 1589.01 1807.53 1864.54 2023.16 2030.56
2. Agro and Food processing 545.60 579.10 762.07 1320.07 1877.08
3. Gem & Jewellery 1520.36 1724.32 1497.25 865.90 1710.44
4. Engineering Goods 684.81 1104.43 3301.49 2871.23 3410.85
5. Marble and Granite 470.42 581.59 923.43 1075.31 913.67
6. Electrical, Electronics &
Computer software
90.44 96.10 98.23 99.28 102.98
7. Wool and Woollen based 24.20 32.11 22.25 24.51 20.47
8. Chemical & Allied 780.41 1373.20 1367.23 1031.29 1170.65
9. Drugs and Pharmaceuticals 45.34 59.58 90.48 75.95 121.62
10. Plastics and Linoleum 39.44 85.07 84.25 78.06 99.68
11. Handicrafts 1321.28 1609.05 1960.23 1484.42 1386.67
12. Leather & leather Product 19.91 56.16 46.90 48.07 40.01
13. Readymade Garments 414.23 812.24 657.95 585.79 880.38
14. Carpet & Durries 258.51 304.95 309.21 273.16 258.52
15. Handloom 0.35 0.410 0.60 0.66 0.74
16. Mineral fuel, mineral oils
and products
2113.37 2181.01 1316.62 810.26
17. Dimond NA
18. Others 197.63 16.77 19.29 15.56 401.84
Total 8002.03 12355.97 15186.41 13189.04 15236.42

Source : – Directorate of Industries, Rajasthan.

For Sectoral development of industries in the State, following cluster industries have been identified.

S.No. Name of the Cluster Location of thecluster Implementing Agency
1 Printing & Dying Akola- Chittorgarh Will & Way Deve. Inst.
2 Handloom Cluster Darib- Churu Mansi Maru Sansthan
3 Murtikala Cluster Talwara-Banswara Jaipur Jila Vikas Parisad
4 Charm Juti Cluster Bhinmaal- Jalore Will & Way Deve. Inst.
5 Gota Loom Cluster Ajmer Janjagriti Shikshan Sansthan
6 Aari-Tari Cluster Nayla-Jaipur
7 Murtikala Cluster Gola Ka bas-Alwar Maharan Pratap Adhayan & jan
kalayan sansthan
8 Honey Cluster Bharatpur Lupin Human Welfare & research foundation
9 Pottery & Terakota Cluster Ramgarh- Alwar R.K.Sansthan
10 Abharayan Utpad Baran Mahila Udyog Prashikshan samiti
11 Stone Art ware cluster Dungarpur Jaipur Jila Vikas Parisad
12 Leather Product Cluster Jodhpur Meera Sansthan
13 Kasth kala Cluster Bassi-Chittorgarh Jankala sahitiya Manch Sanstha
14 Kashida kari Cluster Pugal- Bikaner Shanti maitri Mission
15 Stone cluster Pindwara-Sirohi Arpan Seva Sansthan
16 Tera-Kota Cluster Siyava-Sirohi Arpan Seva Sansthan
17 Auto-Component Cluster Alwar Alwar automobile components
manu. Society
18 Handloom Cluster Rajpur-jaipur Health & Social Development
research center
19 Marble Article Cluster Chotoli-jaipur Rastriya Manav Sansadhan & vikas
Sansthan
20 Sand Stone Carving Cluster Pichupada-Dausa Sunrise social services development
society
21 Carving on Peetal ke Bartan Balahedi-Dausa Maharan Pratap Adhayan & jan
kalayan sansthan
Keeping in view the rapid industrialisation of the State, thrust industries will be developed by the GOVT.
1 Gems & jewellery Jaipur
2 Hosiery Bhiwadi
3 Auto Parts Bhiwadi and Sitapura (Jaipur)
4 Ceramics Bikaner
5 Software Technology Jaipur
6 Electronics and Telecommunication Jaipur
7 Textiles Bhilwara, Sanganer, Pali, Jodhpur, Balotra
8 Agro based industries Indira Gandhi Nahar Project Area
9 Leather Manpur-Macheri
10 Wool Industries Beawar and Bikaner
11 Handicrafts Jodhpur & Jaisalmer
12 Dimensional Stone Kishangarh, Udaipur, Chittorgarh.

Source : – Industries Department, Govt. of Rajasthan.

Main raw materials available in the State which can be put for industrial use are agro-based and food products,
live stock based products, important minerals like Gypsum, Limestone, Rock Phosphate, Silica Sand, quartz,
Soapstone, China Clay, Marble Granite, Asbestos, Maganese etc.
Rajasthan State ranks second in terms of mineral production after Bihar State. There is good scope for
development of industries based on the above minerals in Rajasthan.
More than 46,706.203 acres of land has been acquired for developing about 280 industrial areas in the State by
RIICO Ltd. About 46,001 industrial plots have been developed and out of which 23,714 plots have already been
allotted to the small scale industries in the state.
The main objective of the new industrial policy of 1998 was to make Rajasthan the most preferred place for capi
-tal investment in the identified sectors and also to achieve global competitiveness. The new Industrial Policy
will lay special emphasis on accelerating the over all pace of industrial growth, increasing employment
opportunities, improving productivity, ensuring sustainable development and strengthening the MSME, tiny and
cottage industries in the State.
ARIO.

RAJASTHAN AT A GLANCE

S. No. DENSITY POPULATION
1 Area 3.42 lacs sq. kms.
2 No. of Districts 33
3 Population (2001) 565.07 Lacs
Males 294 lacs
Females 271 Lacs
Sex Ratio 922 Females per 1,000
Rural Population 43292813 (76.6%)
Urban Population 13214375 (23.4%)
Density of Population 165 Per sq. km.
Decadal Growth 28.41
Schedule Caste 9694462 (17.2%)
Schedule Tribe 7097706 (12.6%)
Literacy Rate Workers (main & Marginal) 60.41%
Non workers/workers 42.1%/ 57.9%
4 Divisions 7
5 Districts 33
6 Sub Divisions (2001) 188
7 Tehsils (2001) 241
8 Cities and Towns 222
9 Villages (inhabited) 41,353
10 Villages (Uninhabited) 1,921
11 Panchayat Samities 237
12 Gram Panchayat 9,188
13 Agriculture (2006-07)
Land utilisation Pattern 34269701 Hect.
Total Cropped Area 21533809 Hect.
Area sown more than once 4770044 Hect.
Net Area sown 16763765 Hect.
Important Crops Paddy, Jowar, Bajra, Wheat, Mustard, Maize, Barley, Methi, Tarameera, Linseed, Corriander, Garlic, Red Chillies, Soyabeeen, Ground Nut, Chaula, Moth, Urad
14 Forest (2008-09)
Reserved Area 37.78%
Protected Area 53.73%
Un Classified Area 8.49%
15 Livestock (1997) 543.48 lacs
16 Important Minerals Gypsum, Limestone, Rock Phosphate, Silica Sand, Quartz, Soapstone, China Clay, Marble, Granite etc.
17 Technical Institutions.
• Universities(Govt.&Pvt.) 14
• Engineering College 78
• MBA & MCA Institutions 124
• Polytechnique & ITI 724
• Medical & Dental College 20
18 Road Length (2000-01) 1.86 lakh KMs.
19 Motor Vehicles registered (2001-02) 31.33 Lacks
20 Railways (Gauge Length) 5920 Kms
21 Communication Facilities (March-09)
Post Offices 10316
Telegraph Offices 486
Telephone Exchanges 2334
Public Call Offices 94683
22 Bank Branches(2009)
Commercial Banks 2983
RRBs 1042
Cooperative Banks 561
Total Bank Branches 4586
23 Electricity (2006-07)
Total Generation of Electricity 3242.715 Million KWH
Total Consumption 16468.319 Million KWH
Per Capita consumption 5758.05 KWH
24 Industries 1.86 lakh KMs.
Large and Medium Scale (2001-02) 367
Small Scale Units registered with State 2,29,793
registered with State Directorate of Industries (2001-02) 8.86 lacks
Employment (in Nos) Investment (in Rs.) 3296.46 crores
25 Industrial Areas (Nos.) (Up to Novemeber-2009) 31.33 Lacks
• No. of Industrial Area Developed 322
• No. of Plots Planned 56962
• No. of Plots Allotted 49191
• No. of Units in Production 26984
26 Industries 5920 Kms
• Large Scale Industry 206
• Medium Scale Industry 64
• Small Scale Industry 3.19 lacs
27 Export (2008-09) Rs. 15236.42 Crore
28 Potential Industries
• Agro based Industry Cattle Feed, Dal Mill, Edible Oils, Guar Gum, Rice Milling, Vanaspati Ghee, Poha Making, Maida, Suji, Biscuit, Bread
• Mineral based Industry Cement, Glazed Tiles, Marble & Tiles, Quick Lime,Stone Carving Whitecement, Zinc Oxide, Refractory, Cutting & polishing of Stones
• Electrical & Electronics Black & White TV, CopperFoils, Computer Floopy,Copper Wire, Meters, Rerolled Products, TV PictureTubes, halogen Lamps &Bulbs, Conductors, Digital Electronic Watch
• Engineering Industries Ball Bearing, Hand Tools,Heavy Duty Trailers,Meters, Nuts & Bolts,SteelIngots,Railway Wagons,Machine Tools &accessories
• Leather & Leather Cycle Seats, Fancy items,Ladies Footwear, LeatherGarments, LeatherTanning, Shoes Making
• Chemical & Plastic Product Caustic Soda, Fertilizer Chemicals, Hawaii Chappal, HDPE Wove Sacks, Nitro Chloro Benzene,PVC Footwear, PVC Doors,PVCResins,PVC Rigid Pipes, Rubber & plastic based
• Textile Based Industry Dying & Printing, Grey cotton cloth, wollen blanket, processing of synthetic fabrics, various types of yarns.
• Animal Husbandry Bone Crushing, Butter, Cheese base Industry & Milk Chilling powder, Skimmed Milk

Services

District Industrial Profile

Industrial profile

State industrial profile gives a glimpse of State containing various information relating to human & natural
resources, social and economic infrastructure, cluster areas and thrust industries in the State which have scope
for industrial development in the State. The profile contains the following information –

• Geographical features and economy of the state
• Demography of the State
• Economic Indicators
• Resources including human, agriculture, livestock & natural
• Basic infrastructure facilities like transport, communication, power, water, banking
etc.
• Existing industrial scenario of the State including cluster industries and potential
industries
• Various concessions, facilities and incentives available to entrepreneurs for taking
appropriate investment decisions.
• Profile is available for sale on payment of Rs.200/-

District Industrial potentiality surveys

District Industrial Potentiality Survey Report provide information relating to the strengthen and weakness of the
district including resources, infrastructure for industrial development, potential industries as also the existing
industrial set up in the district. In order to assist the entrepreneurs to the product line industrial potentiality
surveys reports are prepared which provides the information on potential industries of the area which could be
set up exploiting locally available resources.As on date 11 districts had been covered.

by Rohit

india-smart-city-opportunity-15-638

Rajasthan Govt. ready to send Rs. 6,400 crores Smart City Proposals

15/01/2016 in Development

The Rajasthan government is ready to submit the smart city proposals of selected cities under Minister of Urban Development 100 Smart City Mission. Besides the capital city Jaipur, Udaipur, Kota and Ajmer will be developed as a smart city in the state.

According to the reports, the smart city plan were approved by a high-powered panel on Monday under the chairmanship of chief secretary CS Rajan. The government has prepared the plans worth of Rs 6,407 crore. It will cover the both specific area based development and wider region based development.

According to the deadlines of Union government, the Municipal Corporations of selected cities will have to send their smart city proposal before 15 December. The plan will cover the basic requirement of people such as proper water supply, electricity, public transportation, sustainable mobility management system, heritage conservation and solid waste management components of urban development.

Jaipur has received the Rs 2,404 crore assistance for smart city development followed by Kota which will get Rs 1,493 crore. Besides this, the projects worth Rs 1,300 crore and Rs 1,221 crore has been sanctioned for Ajmer and Udaipur respectively.

According to the article published in The Indian Express “The Smart City nominees from the desert state have been riddled in the political squabble, with former Chief Minister Ashok Gehlot accusing Chief Minister Vasundhara Raje of overlooking his hometown Jodhpur and deliberately keeping it out of the project”.

by Rohit

rajasthani-language1

संविधान की आठवीं अनुसूची में राजस्थानी भाषा को शामिल करने की आवश्यकता है

14/01/2016 in Rajasthani Language

Sixteenth Loksabha

Session : 2

Date : 11-07-2014

 

श्री पी.पी.चौधरी (पाली) : महोदय, इस जीरो ऑवर में मुझे बोलने का मौका देने के लिए आपका बहुत-बहुत धन्यवाद।

महोदय, मैं सदन का ध्यान संविधान की 8वीं अनुसूची में भाषाओं को जोड़ने के प्रस्तावों की ओर आकर्षित करते हुए बताना चाहूंगा कि संसद के दोनों सदनों के लगभग सभी सदस्यगण किसी न किसी भाषा को 8वीं अनुसूची में सम्मिलित किये जाने के पक्ष में हैं। यह पूरे देश के लोगों की मांग है कि उनके द्वारा बोली जाने वाली भाषा को उसी के देश में मान्यता मिले। सदन में कई बार विभिन्न भाषाओं को संविधान की 8वीं अनुसूची में शामिल किए जाने पर विभिन्न नियमों के तहत चर्चा की जाती रही है। जब संविधान लागू हुआ, तब 14 भाषायें आठवीं अनुसूची में सम्मिलित थीं। समय-समय पर किए गए संविधान संशोधन के माध्यम से आज 22 भाषायें आठवीं अनुसूची में सम्मिलित हैं। भाषायें क्षेत्रीय हो सकती हैं, लेकिन आज इस तेज रफ्तार युग में कौन आदमी कहां पहुंच जाता है, इसका कोई पता नहीं, सब कुछ वैश्विक हो चुका है। कहीं रहने वाला न जाने कहां नौकरी कर रहा है, कहां व्यावसाय कर रहा है। भारत अनेकता में एकता वाला देश है। यहां बोले जाने वाली भाषा, संस्कृति, पूरे देश की धरोहर रूपी सभ्यता है।  भारत में बोलने जाने वाली लगभग सभी भाषाओं का अपना इतिहास है, स्वयं की अपनी-अपनी रचनायें एवं कविताएं, लोक गीत, रागनियां, भजन, धारावाहिक, फिल्में आदि हैं।

: महोदया, मैं आपके माध्यम से सदन का ध्यान संविधान की आठवीं अनुसूची में भाषाओं को जोड़ने के प्रस्तावों की ओर आकर्षित करते हुए बताना चाहूंगा कि संसद के दोनों सदनों के लगभग सभी सदस्यगण किसी न किसी भाषा को आठवीं अनुसूची में सम्मिलित किये जाने के पक्ष में हैं। जब संविधान लागू हुआ था, तब 14 भाषाएं आठवीं अनुसूची में सम्मिलित थीं।  समय-समय किये गये संविधान संशोधनों के माध्यम से आज 22 भाषाएं आठवीं अनुसूची में सम्मिलित हैं।  भारत अनेकता में एकता वाला देश है, यहां बोली जाने वाली भाषा, संस्कृति पूरे देश की धरोहर रूपी सभ्यता है।  भारत में बोली जाने वाली लगभग सभी भाषाओं का अपना इतिहास है, स्वयं की अपनी-अपनी रचनायें, कवितायें, लोकगीत, रागनियां, भजन, धारावाहिक, फिल्में आदि हैं।

समय-समय पर सदन में उठती मांग पर सरकार ने आश्वासन दिया है कि 15वीं लोक सभा के दौरान तत्कालीन गृह राज्य मंत्री जी ने प्राइवेट मेंबर बिल के अन्तर्गत जवाब देते हुए बताया कि केन्द्र सरकार ने भाषाओं को आठवीं अनुसूची में सम्मिलित करने के प्रस्तावों पर विचार करने के लिए श्री सीताकांत मोहापात्रा की अध्यक्षता में वर्ष 2003 में एक कमेटी बनायी थी।  कमेटी ने वर्ष 2004 में रिपोर्ट तैयार कर संस्तुति के साथ मंत्रालय को भेजी थी, जिस पर कार्यवाही अभी तक भी मंत्रालय में चल रही है। वर्तमान में विभिन्न भाषाओं को आठवीं अनुसूची में शामिल करने के प्रस्ताव पर संघ लोक सेवा आयोग का परामर्श अपेक्षित है, इस हेतु आयोग ने 17.7.2009 को एक उच्च स्तरीय स्थायी समिति का गठन किया था, जिसकी रिपोर्ट अभी तक प्राप्त नहीं हुई है।  रिपोर्ट न प्राप्त होने के कारण केन्द्र सरकार निर्णय लेने में असफल है।

जहां तक मुझे जानकारी है, भारत सरकार के पास 38 भाषाओं को सम्मिलित करने के प्रस्ताव लंबित है, जिसमें राजस्थानी भाषा भी एक है, जिसे देश और विदेश में रहने वाले करीब 10 करोड़ लोग बोलते हैं।  इस भाषा का अपना साहित्य, इतिहास, सिनेमा, गायन भी है।  राजस्थानी भाषा का प्रस्ताव वर्ष 2003 में राजस्थान विधान सभा द्वारा संसद को अपनी सहमति के साथ भेज दिया गया था, जिसके बाद सदन में चर्चा के दौरान तत्कालीन गृह मंत्री जी ने 17 दिसम्बर, 2006 को भाषा को मान्यता देने के लिए बिल पेश करने का आश्वासन दिया था, परन्तु इस बार मैं राजस्थानी भाषा में कहना चाहूंगा कि ” ई बार राजस्थानी भाषा ने मान्यता मिलणी चायजे। ”

अतः मेरा माननीय गृह मंत्री जी से अनुरोध है कि राजस्थानी भाषा सहित सभी प्रस्तावित भाषाओं को संविधान संशोधन के माध्यम से संविधान की आठवीं अनुसूची में सम्मिलित करने की कृपा करें।

by Rohit

border

Smart Security Solution Require in Western Rajasthan rather than number Game: Smart City Issue (Time line of Terrorist Activity in Rajasthan)

14/01/2016 in Development

2015

February 19

Rajasthan

According to reports, states like Bihar, Rajasthan and software developer Wipro are posing hurdles to CCTNS from being rolled out any time soon. Mooted by the last UPA Government and supported by the new Narendra Modi Government, the system aims to connect all police stations in the country for real-time exchange of information on criminals and terrorists. Sources said that, while as many as seven states are lagging behind in digitizing and connecting database at their end, Bihar and Rajasthan have not even been able to kick off the system. To make things worse, Wipro, which is the core software developer for the programme, has allegedly delivered a system that neither enables real-time exchange of information nor supports search and query options. Government sources said that without these features, the system would be of no use.

Non-violent
2. July 1
Jailsalmer

Jaisalmer District administration banned the use of Pakistani SIM cards in Jaisalmer to contain illegal activities along the Indo-Pakistan border. Mobile towers installed in Pakistan’s border have strong signal connectivity with its local SIM and hence it was necessary to ban it with immediate effect, an official said quoting the District Collector and Magistrate Vishwa Mohan Sharma’s order. No person in Jaisalmer District would be allowed to use Pak’s SIM, the order said.

Non-violent
3 August 13
Rajasthan

Police arrested three men, identified as Abdul Khalid, Anwar and Kaka Singh from an unspecified location, for printing FICNs using a colour printer and circulating them in the remote rural areas of Rajasthan. The Police said that FICNs valued INR 18,000 were seized from the trio’s possession. They were scanning and printings notes in the domination of INR 1000, 500 and 100. The Police are investigating how long the accused had been involved in circulation of fake currency notes prior to their arrest. One of the accused is said to be member of a known gang

Non-violent
4 September 15 Rajasthan
A key person involved in FICN racket run from Pakistan was found poisoned to death by a NIA team in Rajasthan. NIA was following a lead on Bhojraj Singh in a case of a major seizure of INR 20, 00,000 worth fake currency on a train in Delhi. The NIA, in a charge-sheet submitted recently in the case, has said the death of Singh has “affected the investigation as it now becomes difficult to ascertain the persons responsible for providing him funds for purchase of FICN and also to ascertain other people involved in the business”.

Non-violent
5 September 28 Delhi
Central intelligence agencies have alerted Delhi and Rajasthan Police of possible terror strike by IS. Delhi Police’s intelligence unit has forwarded the threat perception alert to special cell of Delhi Police. Central intelligence agencies have said a possible strike by IS is eminent in the coming festive season. Delhi’s vulnerability has grown manifold with the merger of IS and AuT, which has been voicing its plans to target India for some time. Besides, agencies have been warning Delhi Police of impending threats and possible recruitments by IS.

With the festive season round the corner, intelligence agencies and Delhi Police have gone into overdrive to check a massive influx of FICN into the capital. According to sources, FICN kingpin Iqbal Kana and Dawood Ibrahim’s aide, Aftab Batki, are in the process of sending in huge consignments of FICN by road and air.

Non-Violent
6 December 10 Jaipur
One Mohammad Sirajuddin was arrested by Rajasthan ATS on charges of “working for the Islamic State”, publicising its ideology online and via social media, and “instigating youth to join IS”. Mohammad, posted as a marketing manager at IOC in Jaipur, according to ATS sources had been propagating “IS ideology” via his Facebook page, which had about 1,00,000 followers and was blocked following his arrest. “He was in touch with some youths from Maharashtra and a girl from Hyderabad. We tracked him after we got information about suspicious activities on his computer’s IP address,” sources said.

Non-violent
7 December 12 Jaipur
The preliminary investigations of the ATS suggested that Mohammad Sirajuddin could have been lured by the Islamic State (IS) through the woman who first befriended him on Facebook. Officers said that globally IS operatives use women who first send friend request to the male Muslim members on Facebook and later divert them towards the ideology of IS. ATS officers are going through the 2,000-page record of Facebook, WhatsApp and Telegram to find out and corroborate various evidences against the arrested IOC official. “It appears that the man was first allured by a woman who sent him a friend request on Facebook. It just started from pressing the “like” button on a post relating to the IS ideology and later the accused himself started commenting and liking it to an extent that he started urging youth to join IS,” said a senior officer of ATS.

Non-violent
8 December 12
Tonk District / Rajasthan

Police arrested at least four men for allegedly shouting pro-Islamic State (IS) slogans during a rally in the Tonk District of Rajasthan. The four accused have been identified as Firoz, Wasim, Wasim Akram and Mohammad Fahid, all of whom are reportedly aged 25-32 years. The arrested were reportedly shouting the pro-Isis slogans along with several others in the Malpura town on December 11.”The accused shouted slogans at a rally on Friday. They were identified on the basis of video footage and were named in an FIR. Some other accused are unidentified and the matter is being investigated,” according to investigating officer. An FIR was registered under IPC Section 153 (A).

Non-violent
9 December 27
Jaisalmer

A Revenue Inspector, identified as Birbal Khan was arrested on charges of spying for Pakistan. Sources told there is possibility of a ‘huge network of Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI) spies’ being neutralised, adding that more arrests are likely in coming days. The youth detained on was taking photographs of the preparations of the Indian Air Force’s soon-to-be-held Iron Fist exercise at the highly sensitive Chandan field firing range in Jaisalmer. He was also clicking photographs of other sensitive areas nearby.

Non-violent

2014

January 7

Rajasthan

TADA court in Ajmer remanded alleged LeT bomb expert Abdul Karim Tunda in CBI custody for six days in a case relating to tiffin box blasts in Jaipur on September 30, 1993, in which a teenager was seriously injured.

Non-violent
2 February 14 Jaipur
Police arrested six persons with FICN worth INR 11,500 while they were trying to sell the notes to a vendor in Jaipur.

Non-violent
3 February 24 Rajasthan
IM has established a new module in Rajasthan and operatives of the outfit were “highly motivated” to carry out terrorist activities in the country, the NIA has said in its charge sheet filed in a Delhi court.

Non-violent
4 February 26 Rajasthan
IM terrorists had on their target some tourist spots, a royal train and some other places in the state, especially in western Rajasthan including Jodhpur, Barmer and Jaisalmer, sources said.

Non-violent
5 February 28 Kolkata
NIA revealed that Kolkata (West Bengal) has been an important hub for the activities of IM.

Non-violent
6 March 10 Rajasthan
A chargesheet filed by the NIA has claimed that IM had attempted putting in place a local module on the border of Jodhpur-Nagaur Districts in 2013.

Non-violent
7 March 22 Rajasthan
Four IM terrorists were arrested by the Delhi Police Special Cell from Rajasthan. IM top ‘commander’ Waqas alias Javed Mohammmad alias Zia Ur Rehman is a Pakistani who came to India for the first time in September 2010, along with Asadullah Akhtar alias Haddi. Waqas was arrested outside Ajmer railway station when he alighted from a train, which came from Bandra. His three associates, identified as Mohammad Mahruf (21), Mohammad Waqar Azhar alias Haneef (21), both residents of Jaipur, and Shaquib Ansari alias Khalid (25), were arrested at his instance from their residences with the help of Rajasthan Police.

Non-violent
8 March 25 Rajasthan
Barkat Ali, an alleged accomplice of suspected IM terrorist Mohammad Sakib Ansari, was arrested in Jodhpur (Rajasthan).

Non-violent
9 March 25 Rajasthan
A well-coordinated network of IM sleeping cell was in existence in Rajasthan for the past few months. “It was a completely different module of IM cropping up in Rajasthan.

Non-violent
10 March 26 Rajasthan
The ATS of the Rajasthan Police took over the investigation of IM modules in the state.

Non-violent
11 March 27 Pushkar / Rajasthan
The IM planned to hit tourism in India by targeting famous places like the Taj Mahal in Agra (Uttar Pradesh) and Pushkar in Rajasthan.

Non-violent
12 March 28 Sikar
Five persons were arrested by the ATS from Sikar (Sikar District) in connection with the ongoing investigation into the IM Rajasthan module.

Non-violent
13 March 31 Barmer
Police arrested a smuggler of drugs and FICN from Barmer.

Non-violent
14 April 1 Kota
A threatening letter demanding the release of suspected IM terrorists arrested from Rajasthan over the past few days was delivered to the Kota SP’s office.

Non-violent
15 April 19 Jaipur
The Rajasthan ATS brought three suspected IM operatives Mohammed Mahroof, Mohammed Waqar and Mohammed Saqib to Jaipur and taken them on Police custody for interrogation.

Non-violent
16 April 21 Jodhpur
The main terror suspect of IM module in Jodhpur (Rajasthan), Mohammad Saqib Ansari has been remanded to 10 days’ Police custody.

Non-violent
17 May 1 Rajasthan
The Rajasthan ATS arrested a suspected IM operative, Ashraf Ali from Chidambaram town in Cuddalore District.

Non-violent
18 May 9 Jodhpur
Rajasthan ATS arrested IM operative Zahir from Jodhpur and they also contacted the Gujarat Police to ascertain whether Zahir had visited Ahmedabad along with IM operatives Shaqeeb, Adil and Barkat in March 2013.

Non-violent
19 May 11 Pokhran
According to an intelligence source, Pakistan’s ISI is making efforts to get a sample of the sand in Pokhran (Rajasthan) to test the sand and analyze how the testing was done scientifically and technically.

Non-violent
20 May 12 Jaipur
Rajasthan High Court turned down the prayer of five Jaipur (Rajasthan) blast accused of May 13, 2008 (Shahbaz Ahmed, Mohammad Sarvan, Mohammad Salman, Saif ur Rehman, and Mohammad Saif) for a joint trial of their cases instead of different cases at several places.

Non-violent
21
June 29 Rajasthan
LeT ‘founder’ and JuD ‘chief’ Hafiz Muhammad Saeed has set up terrorist camps in Islamkot and Mithi areas in Pakistan opposite Tanot and Kishangarh areas of Jaisalmer District in Rajasthan, according to BSF. He was seen in Islamkot, Meerpur Khas, Mithi and Kherpur in Sindh Province of Pakistan opposite south west Tanot area of Jaisalmer border. The BSF was given directions to be on alert and it believes that Saeed would try to push in terrorists via the Rajasthan border. Saeed has been giving provocative speeches against India and even threatened Hindus staying in Pakistan, asking them to work against India.

Non-violent
22
July 2 Bharatpur
Three persons, identified Kamalu, Mufeed and Bhanwar Singh were arrested along with FICN with a face value of INR 1,00,000 near Bhorni village in Bharatpur District of Rajasthan. The notes are in the denomination of 500 and 1,000. However, two other accused managed to escape and they are being traced.

Non-violent
23
August 11 Jaipur
A team of the ATS of the Jaipur Police has been camping in the town of Bhatkal to collect information regarding two IM?cadres from the town, who are alleged to have had a role in bomb blasts and acts of terrorism across India. Ten suspects had been arrested at Jaipur in April, 2014. During questioning, the suspects had mentioned the names of Shafi Armar and Sultan Armar, hailing from the town. The ATS?team suspects them to have fled to Karachi.

Non-violent
24
August 18 Jaipur
ATS from Jaipur was in Mangalore to investigate the alleged links to terror organizations from the coastal belt. It is said that a team of six persons had been camping for a few days with Ullal as centre, and conducted investigations in places like Attavar, Suratkal, Pandeshwar and Mukkacheri.

Non-violent
25
August 21 Jaipur
Delhi Police charge sheet stated that the three engineering students, Mohammad Maroof alias Ibrahim, Waqar and Mehrajudeen who were arrested from Jaipur for allegedly being IM members in March, 2014 have been accused of helping IM operatives Tehsin Akhtar and Zia-ur-Rahman in setting up an illegal arms factory in Meet Vihar area of Delhi from where a huge quantity of arms and ammunition were seized.

Non-violent
26
August 29 Rajasthan
ATS of Rajasthan Police informed that at least 15 militants have been waiting to enter Rajasthan from across the International Border. BSF increased patrolling in border areas.

Non-violent
27
September 16 Rajastan
Nearly six months after neutralising an alleged IM network in Rajasthan, the ATS will file chargesheet this week against the IM suspects arrested from Jaipur and Jodhpur. Under the UAPA and Section 121A of IPC (waging war against nation), the State Government provides prosecution sanction but the ATS waited for almost two months to get the prosecution section.

Non-violent
28
September 18 Sikar
Engineering student, Mohammed Maroof, has emerged as the brainchild of IM Rajasthan module. He not only recruited six people from Sikar on instructions from his IM handlers, but also contacted people in Jodhpur to join the terror outfit. All these claims have been made in two charge sheets filed in courts in Jaipur and Jodhpur.

Non-violent
29
September 21 Jaipur
Investigations in Jaipur and Hyderabad into recent attempts by global jihadi outfits to recruit Indian youths has revealed the presence of at least two Indian origin recruiters on the Internet luring youths on behalf of ISIS or IS and al Qaeda, and working in collaboration with each other. Former Bhatkal native Abdul Khader Sultan Armar, who is believed to be currently based on the Afghanistan-Pakistan border and associated with the Ansar ul-Tawhid ul-Hind has emerged as a common al Qaeda-linked recruiter in both the Jaipur and Hyderabad investigations. Besides, a SIMI man from Karnataka currently said to be based in the Gulf region has been identified as a recruiter for the ISIS and as the one who recently attempted to recruit four Hyderabad youths via the Internet.

Non-violent
30
September 24 Rajasthan
The IB has warned that “groups and elements supportive of extremist ideology similar to al-Qaeda” are trying to “increase communal tension” in states like J&K, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Rajasthan, UP, Bihar, Karnataka, Kerala and Delhi. The intelligence report (reference no-3627-60 & 3698- 3731/C&R Cell-C-2/SII), has reiterated that al- Qaeda ‘chief’ Ayman-al-Zawahari, who launched a new branch for the Indian sub-continent, also intends to target commercial centres, tourist destinations, religious places, aviation sector, railways infrastructure and BJP offices in various states, including West Bengal and Assam. The report has been dispatched to all state police agencies.

Non-violent
31
September 26 Rajasthan
The Special Cell of Delhi Police claimed to have neutralised an international FICN racket with the arrest of two men, identified as Rasmuddin and Nasirul Sheikh. They were arrested from Delhi-Haryana border in Old Toll Plaza on NH-8. Rasmuddin hails from Mewat District in Haryana while Nasirul is from Malda District of West Bengal. FICN of the face value of INR 700,000 was seized from them. Police also found that huge quantities of FICN pumps to the NCR through sub-syndicates based in Mewat and Rajasthan.

Non-violent
32
September 29
Rajasthan

A Rajasthan Court sentenced one accused to death while awarding life term to six others in 1996 Rajasthan bus blast case. Abdul Hameed who was awarded death sentence belongs to Uttar Pradesh along with two other accused, the rest four belong to J&K. Another accused was acquitted in the absence of solid evidences.

Non-violent
33
December 4
Barmer District

In a joint search operation ATS and SOG, arrested two persons, identified as Nawab alias Nabiya and Kachra Khan along with FICN with a face value of INR 2,40,000 at Hatma-Phanta check post in Barmer District. Both were being interrogated to explore their links with other FICN suppliers.

Non-violent
2013

February 24

Munabao Railway Station, Barmer District

Mohammad Yusuf, a Pakistani national, was arrested for possessing FICN worth INR 20,000.

Non-violent
2 April 22
Nagal village, Bharatpur District

8,750 kg of illegal ammonium nitrate along with explosives, 25 detonators, 75-meter fuse wires, 21-meter safety fuse wires and five boosters were also recovered.

Non-violent
3 May 18 Jaipur
An Upper Division Clerk, B.K. Sinha (43), was arrested in Jaipur by the special branch personnel for allegedly sharing classified information and documents with Pakistan’s ISI through a Nepal-based agent.

Arrested
4 May 26
Sri Ganganagar sector, Ganganagar District

Foiling an incursion, the BSF personnel shot dead an intruder at along the IB.

Violent
5 October 24 Rajasthan
Israel was briefed last month about a possible IM attack against the country’s nationals visiting Rajasthan, said Union Ministry of Home Affairs and Israeli sources.

Non-violent
6 November 6 Rajasthan
Official security sources said in the last few months, IM terrorists from the Nepal border were given the task to attack Israeli and American tourists visiting leading places like Jaisalmer, Jodhpur and Jaipur.

Statement
7 December 17 Rajasthan
The cyber Police station in Jaipur (Rajasthan) neutralised a Pakistan-based racket involved in cheating people and arrested three persons including one Pakistani national who allegedly duped a Jaipur-based man of INR 1.87 lakh.

Non-violent

2012

November 28: Pakistani hackers are routinely attacking Rajasthan Government’s websites by name of Khantastic, Dr Den, Dr Neo, Dr Freak, The Ajan, ndh and Mafia Hacking Team.

November 9: An African national and a local resident were arrested with FICN with a face value of INR 13.20 lakh at Bhiwadi Industrial Area in Alwar District (Rajasthan).

November 2: Ahmedabad (Gujarat) city Crime Branch arrested an alleged agent of Pakistan’s ISI, identified as Naushad Ali from Jodhpur (Jodhpur District) on charges of espionage.

October 16: Crime Branch said Pakistan’s ISI agent, Sirajuddin Fakir, arrested on October 14, in Gujarat, has turned out to be an ISI ‘zonal coordinator’. Police said Fakir has been working to set up a network of spies in western India and has recruited a number of youths in Maharashtra, Punjab, Rajasthan and Gujarat for this.

October 10: IM terrorist, identified as Langde Irfan, allegedly involved in the Pune (Maharashtra) serial blasts (August 1, 2012) was arrested in Jaipur by the Delhi Police. With this, the total number of arrests in the case has gone up to four.

October 9: Chief Minister Ashok Gehlot gave approval to notifications for setting up of a state-level cyber crime Police Station and one nodal Police Station at every District in Rajasthan to deal with FICN.

October 8: The BSF troopers killed one person who was trying to exfiltrate into Pakistan from border pillar number 521/1 located at the International Border in Mohangarh area of Jaisalmer District (Rajasthan). INR 1,470, a wire cutter and an old Gujarat Gas Company ID card were recovered from him.

October 7: Pakistani smugglers have found a new way to smuggle goods, through Rajasthan border which they find safe for smuggling FICN and weapon consignment and drugs into the Indian territory especially the border adjoining Ganganagar, Barmer and Jaisalmer Districts.

September 30: BSF has formed a new anti-terrorist commando force “Desert Scorpion” to deal with incidents of cross border intrusion in Rajasthan.

September 3: Left Wing Extremists are targeting Rajasthan for fund-raising activities through dacoities and extortion in a bid to step up their operations in Chhattisgarh, Bihar, Jharkhand and Odisha, top intelligence sources revealed.

August 29: Police arrested two persons trying to deposit FICN worth INR 63,000 in the main branch of SBI in Beawar area of Ajmer district.

August 12: A high alert was sounded at Jaipur airport by the CISF and the city Police in the wake of an IB alert on a possible hijack plan at four probable spots in the country, including Jaipur.

August 8: Special Police team from Rajasthan launched joint operations with the Palamu District Police and arrested two persons link with CPI-Maoist cadre, in connection with a dacoity incident in and recovered jewellery worth INR 7 million.

August 6: Rajasthan State ATS intensified its search for the four absconding suspects associated with the IM terror outfit of the Jaipur serial blasts of May 13, 2008.

August 1: The department of home, Rajasthan is planning to have a nodal police station to deal with FICN cases at every district in the state.

June 16: SOG of Rajasthan Police busted a FICN racket and arrested two persons, identified as Mohammed Taiyab (32) and Mubarak Khan (22) involved in illegal trafficking of INR 1.38 million worth FICN from Pahari area in Bharatpur District.

April 24: A designated TADA Court in Jaipur, awarded 15 years of rigorous imprisonment to Pakistan-trained militant Jalees Ansari and 20 years rigorous imprisonment to his aide Abrar Rehmat Ansari in the 1993 tiffin box blasts case in Jaipur (September 30, 1992).

March 21: A fast-track court in Ajmer handed a 10-years jail sentence to two militants, Shabir Ahmed Ratar and Ravindra Mali, and a seven-year sentence to two others, Mujib Ahmed alias Ahmed bhai and Mohammad Yasin, for smuggling weapons, including an AK 47 rifle, from Jammu and Kashmir to Hyderabad (Andhra Pradesh) and for conspiracy. Shabir was a member of JKLF and Ahmed was a cadre of HM.

2011

December 25: The 60-page NIA charge sheet (filed on December 24), highlighted roles of Lashkar-e-Toiba (LeT) founder Hafiz Saeed, LeT commander Zakir-ur-Rehman Lakhvi, al-Qaeda operative Ilyas Kashmiri and two serving Pakistani ISI officers – Major Iqbal and Major Sameer Ali in “larger conspiracy to organize spectacular terrorist attacks on places of iconic importance in India”.

It also gave details of how Headley during his post-26\11 visits to India in March, 2009, went for reconnaissance trips for synchronized terror strikes on Jewish houses located in five places – New Delhi, Mumbai and Pune in Maharashtra, Goa and Pushkar (Rajasthan) – at the behest of Ilyas Kashmiri.

According to the charge sheet, Headley was scouting only the Jewish targets on instructions from Kashmiri.

India will share NIA’s charge sheet, filed against American terrorist David Coleman Headley and eight others, including Hafiz Saeed and two serving Pakistani ISI officials, with Pakistan during home secretary-level talks between the two countries in Islamabad in January, 2012.

It also documented the communication between Headley and his accomplice Tahawwur Hussain Rana through an email account – “movie.money@yahoo.com” – enlisting property details and debts. Details of Headley’s stay in two hotels – De Holiday Inn and Anand – in Delhi’s Paharganj area and other hotels in places like Pune, Goa, Mumbai, Pushkar are given in the charge sheet, backed by records of his visit and travel documents. The charge sheet said: “He also collected critical information and videos of places including but not limited to Chabad houses in India, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mantralaya and Air India building in Mumbai, National Defence College in Delhi and so on”.

September 9: Two suspects from Jammu and Kashmir were detained in Alwar District in Rajasthan on the basis of their resemblance to the sketches of suspects released in connection with the Delhi high court blast.

April 7: A local court in Ajmer in Rajasthan rejected the application of the extremist leader Swami Aseemanand, an accused in several terror cases, to turn an approver in the Ajmer Dargah blast.

March 31: The Rajasthan ATS said that it would file a charge sheet in the Ajmer Dargah blast case (October 11, 2007)against the extremist leader Swami Aseemanand on April 8.
2010

December 25: The Rajasthan Anti-Terrorist Squad (ATS) claimed to have seized the car used in transporting explosives for the blasts in Ajmer dargah (October 11, 2007). According to ATS officials, the explosives were brought to Ajmer from Indore by Harshad Solanki who is currently in the custody of Madhya Pradesh Police.

November 3: The Rajasthan Anti-Terror Squad (ATS) arrested a person suspected to be involved in the Ajmer Dargah blast case (October 11, 2007). The arrestee, identified as Mukesh Vasani is the second person from Gujarat, to be arrested by the ATS following the arrest of Harshad Bhai Solanki. Vasani, an anti-cow slaughter activist, was arrested from Godhra in Gujarat. According to the ATS, he had conducted a recce of the Dargah three days before planting explosives there. The ATS has so far arrested five men, including senior RSS functionary Indresh Kumar, in connection with the case.

November 1: The bomb-maker in the Ajmer Dargah blast case (October 11, 2007) was arrested by the Rajasthan Anti-Terror Squad (ATS) in Ajmer in Rajasthan, where he was remanded to Police custody by a local court till November 9. The arrestee, identified as Harshad Bhai Solanki alias Munna alias Raja, resident of Vadodara in Gujarat was also involved in the Best Bakery case (March 1, 2002) and was absconding after the carnage. Additional Director General of Police Kapil Garg, who is also in-charge of the ATS, said that Harshad played an active role in gathering bomb-making material, assembling them and packaging the bombs to Ajmer.

October 26: A lower court in Ajmer in Rajasthan committed the trial of the 2007 Ajmer Dargah blast case to the Sessions Court. Chief Judicial Magistrate Ratan Lal Moond, in whose court the Anti-Terrorism Squad (ATS) of Rajasthan Police filed charge sheet against the five accused on October 22, fixed the next hearing before the District and Sessions Judge on November 2 after the sessions’ committal. The five accused in the blast case include Devendra Gupta (who is also affiliated to Abhinav Bharat), Lokesh Sharma and Chandrashekhar Lave. Two of the accused, Sandeep Dange and Ramji Kalsangre are stated to be absconding, while another accused, Sunil Joshi from Indore, was murdered during the course of investigation.

October 22: Rajasthan ATS filed a charge sheet against five accused in the 2007 Ajmer blast. They have been charged with murder and defiling of a place of worship.

October 21: The Rajasthan Anti Terrorist Squad (ATS) arrested three suspected LeT militants, Babu alias Nishachandra Ali of Bikaner, Arun Jain of Nagaur and Hafiz Abdul Majid of Jhalawar, allegedly involved in luring youths in terror activities and sending them to Pakistan for training. They were under the Unlawful Activities Prevention Act 1967. Preliminary investigations have revealed that the LeT ‘commanders’ based in Pakistan were planning to carry out anti-India activities through the Indians trained as terrorists on Pakistani soil, according to an official release of Criminal Investigation Department. The anti-India activities included bomb explosions, circulation of counterfeit Indian currency, smuggling of arms and ammunition, fuelling communal riots and violence in the country and also working to ensure release of Pakistani terrorists from Indian prisons. During the course of investigations it has also come to light that the imprisoned Pakistani terrorists used to take other jailed Indian criminals into their confidence and involve them in terror activities. After their release, these criminals used to indulge in terrorist activities on the directives of the LeT ‘commanders’ of Pakistan, the release said. During the probe, it was also found that Pakistani spy Asgar Ali, who is being held in Jodhpur jail, used to lure Indian inmates to undergo training in Pakistani training camps and perpetrate terror in the country on the behest of Pakistan-based LeT ‘commander’ Wahid alias Vikki Bhai. Among those who were lured by Asgar were Nisha Chandra Ali and Arun Jain. Both Ali and Jain had direct interaction with Vikki and plans were afoot to hand over huge quantity of counterfeit Indian currency to both of them, the release said. Efforts were made to obtain Indian passports for Ali and Jain and send them to Pakistan. However, as a number of criminal cases were pending against both of them, the passports were not issued, the release said. Plans were also made to send both of them to Pakistan through Nepal but it could not materialise, the release added. However, the LeT ‘commanders’ were successful in inducting Hafiz Abdul, who used to teach in a madrassa (seminary).

October 15: The Rajasthan Police and Karnataka anti-terrorist squad (ATS) arrested two alleged LeT militants from Kasargod (Kerala) and Ajmer (Rajasthan) for their role in the 2008 blasts in Bangalore in which one person was killed and over a dozen people were injured. The suspects were identified as Umar Farooq and Ibrahim Moulvi. “Umar was held in Ajmer and Ibrahim in Kasargod in Kerala,” said Bangalore Police Commissioner Shankar Bidari. There were reports that an accomplice of Farooq was also caught in Ajmer, but it could not be confirmed. The Police have named 32 people in the chargesheet in the blasts case. Sources said Farooq was arrested from the railway station, where he had gone to receive a guest. Farooq and another suspect had been staying in Nala Bazaar area of Ajmer for two months and were under Karnataka ATS surveillance. Farooq is also accused of recruiting youth for militant activities in the Kashmir Valley. The case surfaced following the death of four Malayalee youth in an encounter with Security Forces in Kashmir. He is also said to be the key conspirator in the September 2005 case of burning of a bus belonging to the Tamil Nadu State Road Transport Corporation in Aluva near Kochi. This was to protest the TN Government’s decision to oppose the bail plea of People’s Democratic Party (PDP) leader Abdul Nasser Madani, who was then in jail for the 1998 Coimbatore serial blasts. Farooq belongs to Prappanangadi in Malappuram District. Police sources said Ibrahim Moulvi was arrested from Badiyadukka in Kasargod District, where he worked as a cleric in a mosque using a fake identity. Moulvi had also played a significant part with LeT south India operative T. Nasir in recruiting Malayalee youth for terror training across the border. Farooq and Moulvi are suspected to be linked to 26/11 plotter Tahawwur Hussein Rana through Sabir, a LeT operative believed to be hiding in the Gulf.

October 10: The Union Home Ministry asked Rajasthan and three other States to be alert during the festival season. The alert has been issued on the basis of some specific inputs about a possible terror strike at certain places, including Jaipur and Pushkar where the Pakistani-American militant David Coleman Headley is reported to have conducted a recce. According to reports just after 26/11 Mumbai terror attack, Headley had stayed for more than 40 days in Pushkar to keep an eye on the situation after the Mumbai mayhem. A National Investigating Agency (NIA) team identified two hotels where Headley stayed as a tourist. The agencies believed that Headley in Pushkar was plotting an attack on Israeli tourists visiting the holy town. Some specific leads, hinted that Headley had done a recce of the Bed-khabad — the prayer hall of the Jews, where hundreds of them gather every evening for routine prayers.

August 29: A huge cache of explosives bought from Rajasthan Explosives and Chemicals Limited (RECL) at Dholpur in Rajasthan in the name of Ganesh Explosives was diverted and sold to 40 parties in different States. During interrogation, the prime accused in the missing explosives case, Jaikishan Aswani revealed that 61 consignments of explosives bought by Ganesh Explosives from RECL between April and June were further sold to around 40 people. Aswani had surrendered before Bahediya Police in Sagar District of Madhya Pradesh on August 27. The three other accused Shivcharan Heda, Deepa Heda and Devendra Singh Thakur are still absconding.

May 21: A local court extended the Police remand of Lokesh Sharma, arrested in connection with the October 2007 Ajmer Dargah blast, till June 1. In addition, the court sent two other accused in the case to judicial custody. The Chief Judicial Magistrate Court here extended the police remand of Sharma by 10 days, and sent Devender Gupta and Chandra Shekhar Leve to judicial custody.

May 14: One more person was arrested by the Rajasthan ATS in connection with the October 2007 Ajmer dargah (Sufi Shrine) blast, Police said. Lokesh Sharma was arrested by the Rajasthan ATS while he was along with his family members at Lasudia Police Station area of Chhindwara District. Sharma, a resident of Indore, is an accused in the murder of All India Congress Committee (AICC) leader Pyar Singh Nenama, who was killed at Manpur locality of the District in August 2003, Police said.

May 12: The ATS of Rajasthan has informed that out of the 13 identified terrorist who planted bombs at eight places in the Walled City in May 13, 2008, four are still absconding. They include Khalid, Arif, Shajid Bhai and Salman.

May 2: A team of the Rajasthan ATS detained one more suspect, identified as Sanjay Gupta, a small-scale industrialist, from Mhow, 25 kilometres from Indore for questioning in connection with the 2007 Ajmer (Rajasthan) Dargah (Sufi Shrine) blast. In all, two people have been arrested and two others detained for the Ajmer blast so far.

April 26: A person, identified as Devendra Gupta, a resident of Bihari Ganj in Ajmer, was arrested in the night of April 26 by Rajasthan Police in connection with the 2007 Ajmer Dargah bomb blast, in which three people were killed and over 30 injured. He reportedly had links with ‘Abhinav Bharat Sangathan’ and is suspected to be involved in the bomb blast inside the Dargah of Khawaja Moinuddin Chishty at Ajmer in October 2007, Police said.

March 23: Security was beefed up at Marwar Junction after authorities received two separate letters containing threats to blow up the station, reports PTI. While a postcard threatening to blow up the station was received by the Government Railway Police (GRP) and the Railway Police Force (RPF) at the junction this morning, a similar letter was found outside the station master’s office, Superintendent of Police (GRP-Ajmer) Veerbhan Ajwani said. Written in Hindi, the postcard bears the name of Indian Mujahideen (IM) at the end and mentions the date 24 for the strike but does not specify the month, he said. However, taking no chances and assuming the date to be 24th of March, security has been tightened at the station, the official said.

February 18: Rajasthan Police issued a terror alert for the One-Day International (ODI) cricket match between India and South Africa to be played at the Sawai Mansingh Stadium (SMS) in Jaipur on February 21, reports IANS. “We do have intelligence inputs, though a bit vague, of a terror threat to the first ODI,” Inspector General (IG) of Police of Jaipur B. L. Soni said. “We don’t want to take any chances, especially after the Pune blast,” Soni added.

2009

September 13: Rajasthan Police and the Special Operations Group (SOG) seized a consignment of explosives and firearms from a village in the Barmer District. With the latest seizure, the Police have foiled attempts by the Babbar Khalsa International (BKI) to execute attacks in the country, said official sources. Intelligence agencies and the SOG in Rajasthan have come across facts which indicate that the Pakistani ISI was using the India-Pakistan border in Rajasthan to push in lethal material into India. Two carriers, Fotia and Alia, belonging to Pakistan, were entrusted with the task of pushing the consignment.

September 10: A consignment containing illegal arms, cartridges, explosive and equipment for making bombs were recovered in the Barmer District of Rajasthan, Police sources said. Following a tip off, the consignment, which was sent from across the Indian border for an unidentified terrorist outfit, was recovered in the night of September 9 near Moradi village in the Barmer District before its delivery, the sources said. Eight foreign-made revolvers, over 400 cartridges and several detonators have been recovered.

July 10: The intelligence agencies sounded an alert of a possible terror strike by LeT militants in Jodhpur city of Rajasthan in the coming days. Intelligence sources said the militants were planning blasts in the city on either July 11, 14 or 28 or on August 21. According to sources, the Intelligence Bureau sounded the alert on the basis of inputs received from Jammu and Kashmir.

June 1: A court in Bikaner remanded the arrested agent of Pakistan’s ISI, Mohammad Sajid, to five days’ Police custody to facilitate investigation into his local contacts and his alleged espionage activities. The accused was also sent to the P.B.M. Government Hospital in Jaipur for medical examination. As reported earlier, Sajid, who allegedly carried out printing work for the Indian Army, was arrested in Bikaner District on May 31.

May 31: A suspected ISI agent, Mohammad Sajid, who allegedly carried out printing work for the Indian Army, was arrested in Bikaner District. Sajid, a resident of Bilalganj at Lahore in Pakistan, infiltrated into India via Bangladesh and Nepal and had established himself as a resident of Bikaner as a tenant under the assumed name of Lakhan Joshi since 2005, the Additional Director General of Police (Intelligence), M. K. Devarajan, said. Sajid had been reportedly running a printing press in the city where he purportedly managed to get some job works for Army units located there. Devarajan affirmed that the ISI gave him training in intelligence work and Hindi in the Lahore Military Hospital for three months. Meanwhile, the Rajasthan Police have registered a case against Sajid under the Official Secrets Act, 1923, and the Foreigners Act, 1946.

2008

November 18: Police filed charge sheets against 11 Students Islamic Movement of India (SIMI) cadres, identified as Mohammad Qureshi, Mahndi Hassan, Imran, Nazakat Hussain, Shahbaz Hussain, Mohammad Toufiq, Munnavar Khan, Ateeq-ur-Rahman, Mohammad Iliyas, Mohammad Sohail and Mohammad Azam, in the court of Chief Judicial Magistrate in capital Jaipur. The charge-sheets claimed that they were associated with the SIMI and had taken part in the meetings held by the banned group across the country. They were also accused of conspiracy against the nation for giving shelter to main accused of the Jaipur serial blasts, Sajid, Karimudeen and Taukir.

September 7: Two youths, identified as Mohammad Sohail and Azam, detained in Jodhpur were arrested by the Special Investigation team (SIT) of Rajasthan Police on charges of involvement in the May 13, 2008 Jaipur serial blasts case. During investigation, it was found that both had links with the banned SIMI and the main accused of the Jaipur serial blasts, including Sajid, Karimudeen and Taukir. They had allegedly arranged hotel rooms for the meetings of Sajid and his accomplices. The SIT sources claimed, “Sajid and his associates like Taukir, Karimudeen and others had visited Jodhpur many times and generated funds from there. It was found that Sohail and Azam had also gathered Zakat (charity) for them”. With these two arrests, the total number of people arrested in connection with the Jaipur serial blasts has gone up to 14.

September 1: Police arrested four SIMI cadres suspected to be involved in the May 13 explosions in Jaipur. The arrested were identified as Munawar Husain alias Muzaffar Husain, Atiqur Rehman alias Abdul Hakim, Nadeem Akhtar alias Yaminuddin, all residents of Kota and Mohammed Iliyas alias Mohammed Husain from Baran. All of them were produced in the court and were sent on 11 days Police remand.

August 25: Rajasthan Police arrested seven persons from Kota District for their involvement in the May 13 explosions in Jaipur. Police sources said the suspected mastermind behind the explosions, Shahbaz Hussain, who has since been arrested and remanded to 10 days Police custody held three terror camps in Nanta of Kota District between November 2007 and January 2008, along with other SIMI activists, Mufti Abu Bashir and Sajid Mansuri.

August 24: Rajasthan Police, with the assistance of the Anti-Terrorism Squad of the Uttar Pradesh Police, arrested Shahbaz Hussain, a resident of the Maulviganj area of capital Lucknow, for his suspected involvement in the May 13 terrorist attack in Jaipur. A. K. Jain, the Additional Director General of Police (Crime) and chief of the Special Investigation Team in Rajasthan, said, “Shahbaz was a key player in planting the bombs in Jaipur as he was instrumental in mobilising resources as well as selecting the team, which executed the blasts.” Police sources said that 25-year old Shahbaz, a diploma holder in mass communications and owner of a cyber cafe in Maulviganj, was a key aide of Sajid Mansoori who reportedly masterminded the Jaipur blasts.

June 13: Ajmer District Police received a letter from the Harkat-ul-Jihad-al-Islami (HuJI) threatening to carry out bomb blasts in the State between June 12 and 20. The letter, sent on a postcard and written in English, warns of dire consequences if the Rajasthan Government and Police do not stop their crackdown on illegal Bangladeshi migrants. The letter also demands the release of Bangladeshis detained in Rajasthan for suspected terror links.

June 9: The Special Operations Group (SOG) of Rajasthan Police investigating the May 13 Jaipur blasts case formally arrested Bharatpur cleric Mohammed Ilyas, who had been detained by the Police on May 26 under the Passport Act. Ilyas was also charged with possessing disproportionate assets and has been taken to Jaipur for further interrogation. Police recovered two forged passports from Chandigarh and Jaipur, a computer, a mobile phone and diaries from him. Police sources said that Ilyas is the imam (priest) of the Bharatpur mosque and also the convener of the Madarsa Jamia Islamia Arabia Darool Uloom’s Bharatpur chapter.

May 27: The Special Investigation Team probing the May 13 serial bomb blasts in Jaipur detained a madrassa (seminary) teacher and a telephone booth owner in Bharatpur for their alleged role in the bombings that killed 80 people. The teacher, identified as Hakimuddin, a resident of Nagla Imam Khan village in Mathura District, was living in Bharatpur for the past two years. The telephone booth owner, Kamil, had his shop at Khumer Gate in Idgah Colony in Bharatpur. The name of both persons had been disclosed by Mohammed Ilyas, the imam of the Jama Masjid, who was arrested on May 23.

May 17: Police conducted raids across the State targeting SIMI activists. A SIMI cadre, Mohammad Shajid, was detained for questioning. Raids were conducted at Jaipur, Ajmer, Fatehpur, Godhpur, Tonk and Sikar on the basis of Intelligence inputs. A senior Police officer said, “Raids were conducted, but it seems most of the activists have gone underground fearing arrests.”

May 14: A day after the serial bomb blasts in Jaipur, the Rajasthan Police released the sketch of a suspected terrorist on the basis of details provided by a shopkeeper at Kishenpole Bazaar who sold him a cycle, which was used in planting a bomb in the crowded area of the walled city. Inspector-General of Police, Pankaj Kumar Singh, said the shopkeeper remembered the suspect as he behaved suspiciously and seemed to be in undue hurry to buy the cycle.

An e-mail by an outfit known as Indian Mujahideen has claimed responsibility for the serial bomb blasts in Jaipur. The e-mail, which was sent on May 14-night to various television channels, has given the frame number (129489) of the bicycle which was planted at Choti Chaupad near Kotwali in Jaipur. The frame number of a bicycle recovered by the Rajasthan Police from the spot is same, official sources said, adding the e-mail was written on May 14 from a cyber cafe in Sahibabad in the outskirts of the national capital New Delhi. The e-mail id used was “guru_alhindi_jaipur@yahoo.Co.Uk”, the sources said. The e-mail said India should stop supporting the US in the international arena, “and if you do continue then get ready to face more attacks at other important tourist places…”

May 13: At least 80 persons were killed and over 150 others wounded when eight serial bomb blasts were triggered at Johari Bazaar, Hanuman temple, Hawa Mahal, Badi Chaupad, Tripolia Bazaar and Chandpole in Jaipur, capital city of Rajasthan. The first blast took place at 7.20pm (IST) in the crowded Johari Bazaar and within 15 minutes seven more blasts occurred in adjoining areas in the walled city area – near the Hanuman Mandir, which was reportedly crowded with devotees, near Hawa Mahal, at Badi Chaupad, Tripolia Bazaar and Chandpole. “We have information that 80 people have died,” Rajasthan Home Minister Gulab Chand Kataria was quoted as saying.

2007

October 13: Rajasthan Police sources said six people, including two Bangladeshis, had been detained for questioning following the blast that killed two people and injured nearly 17.

October 12: A live bomb was found near the main gate of the shrine of Khwaja Moinuddin Chishti in Ajmer.

October 11: Two persons, including one identified as Mohammed Shoaib, were killed and 17 others injured when a bomb exploded in the dargah (shrine) of the Sufi saint Khwaja Moinuddin Chishti in Ajmer. Official sources said that the bomb exploded at 6.12 pm (IST) near the Ahata-e-Noor courtyard. Intelligence sources revealed that the device used to execute the explosion was fabricated by packing a low-intensity explosive and metal fragment inside a metal lunch-box. Some fragments of a mobile phone were also recovered from the incident site.

Source: South Asia Portal

by Rohit

nagpur-vs

विकेंद्रीकरण और विकास: विकेन्द्रीकृत नागपुर विधान सभा

14/01/2016 in Development

विकेंद्रीकरण और स्थानीय प्रशासन को तेजी, लोकतांत्रिक शासन के बुनियादी घटकों के रूप में वे एक अनुकूल माहौल उपलब्ध कराने के बाद में जो निर्णय लेने और सेवा प्रदान कर सकते हैं मान्यता प्राप्त हैं

लेकिन विकेन्द्रीकरण के लाभ कर रहे हैं कौन सा है? और कैसे विकेन्द्रीकरण गरीबी कम करने की प्रक्रिया में योगदान करता है?

हम अच्छे और लोकतांत्रिक शासन के प्रमुख तत्वों को याद करते हैं, और हम आर्थिक विकास के लिए और गरीबी में कमी के संबंध में विशेष रूप से, कि सहस्त्राब्दी विकास लक्ष्यों को प्राप्त करने का एक साधन के रूप में उन दोनों पर विचार करें तो यह लोगों के करीब सरकार लाता है, क्योंकि विकेन्द्रीकरण निर्णय लेने में लोकप्रिय भागीदारी बढ़ जाती है , इसे और अधिक सुलभ और स्थानीय परिस्थितियों के बारे में जानकार और लोगों की मांगों को और अधिक संवेदनशील बना रही है।

दूर स्थित है और राष्ट्रीय और क्षेत्रीय मुद्दों के साथ ज्यादातर व्यस्त राज्य सरकारों को पर्याप्त रूप से और कुशलता से प्रकृति में अनिवार्य रूप से स्थानीय सेवाएं प्रदान करने का कम होना। विकेन्द्रीकरण के लिए मामला है, वास्तव में, इस तरह के रूप में निम्नलिखित आधार के एक नंबर पर बनाया जा सकता है:

स्थानीय अधिकारियों ने स्थानीय प्राथमिकताओं और परिस्थितियों के साथ लाइन में और अधिक कार्य करने के लिए जाते हैं, और स्थानीय जरूरतों के लिए उनकी प्रतिक्रिया अधिक शीघ्र है। विकेंद्रीकरण नीति निर्माण और कार्यान्वयन के लिए एक और अधिक संवेदनशील दृष्टिकोण को सक्षम करने, स्थानीय स्तर पर भाग लेने के लिए, आदि कुछ देशों में महिलाओं, अल्पसंख्यकों की तरह समुदाय के हाशिए पर क्षेत्रों के लिए अवसर प्रदान करता है।

विकेन्द्रीकरण पारदर्शिता और जवाबदेही बढ़ाने के लिए जाता है, क्योंकि पैसे की राशि गलत अक्सर गिरावट आती दूर विकास से हटाकर। गरीब लोगों के लिए बुनियादी सेवाओं पर खर्च करने के लिए अधिक पैसे छोड़ने - मानव विकास रिपोर्ट (2003) 2, 55 देशों में, सरकारी खर्च के विकेन्द्रीकरण बारीकी निजी पार्टियों द्वारा नौकरशाहों के बीच में कम भ्रष्टाचार और कम किराए की मांग के साथ जुड़े थे कि रेखांकित करता है।

विकेंद्रीकरण निर्वाचित अधिकारी अपने समर्थकों से शिकायतों को प्राप्त करने और अनुशासन में सुधार कर सकते हैं क्योंकि स्थानीय स्कूलों और स्वास्थ्य क्लीनिकों में, उदाहरण के लिए, सरकार ने कर्मचारियों के बीच अनुपस्थिति को कम करने की तरह, सेवा प्रदान करने में प्रभाव बढ़ता है।

विकेंद्रीकरण त्वरित सुधारात्मक कार्रवाई को सक्षम करने के संभावित आपदाओं के प्रारंभिक चेतावनी, साथ नौकरशाहों प्रदान करता है
विकेंद्रीकरण नागरिकों का अधिकार है और संचार के चैनलों के बेहतर विकास के माध्यम से स्थानीय लोकप्रिय मांगों को सार्वजनिक निवेश की जवाबदेही बढ़ गई है।
स्थानीय सरकार के विकास अनुदान का ध्यान केंद्रित सेवा वितरण बहुत विशेष रूप से प्राथमिक शिक्षा, स्वास्थ्य और पानी और सफाई सेवाओं के लिए सम्मान के साथ सुधार हुआ है मतलब है ।
स्थानीय विकास की मांग के जवाब में राजकोषीय फैसलों स्थानीय निवासियों के कल्याण को अधिकतम लेकिन वैश्विक अवसरों के लिए सतत ग्रामीण विकास और लिंकेज के लिए आर्थिक विकास को अधिकतम नहीं हो सकता है ।
स्थानीय सरकार के सिस्टम को नजरअंदाज जो परियोजना सहायता स्थानीय विकास संरचनाओं, कम आंका संस्थागत विकास और कमजोर समुदाय स्थानीय सरकार के संबंधों को खंडित किया है ।
युगांडा के विकेन्द्रीकरण केंद्र से रिहा संसाधनों का ठीक लिए जिम्मेदार है, लेकिन जरूरी नहीं कि ठीक से तैनात नहीं है कि यह सुनिश्चित करने के उद्देश्य से ऊपर की ओर जवाबदेही के लिए जोर दिया है।

by Rohit

800px-NLU_Entrance

राज्य आरक्षण : – राजस्थान के विकास आईआईटी, एन एल यू और केन्द्रीय विश्वविद्यालय में स्थानीय आरक्षण

14/01/2016 in State Reservation

उत्कृष्टता के द्वीपों के रूप में अस्तित्व में है, जो अपने और आईआईएम, अब हर राज्य में खोला जाएगा। राजग सरकार ने राष्ट्रपति के अभिभाषण में शामिल करके अपने चुनावी वादे तेजी से नज़र रखी है के रूप में यूपीए -1 के दौरान शुरू हुआ कि विस्तार को आगे ले जाया जाएगा।
मानव संसाधन विकास मंत्री स्मृति ईरानी को पहले से ही 17 जून को उच्च एवं तकनीकी शिक्षा के राज्य सचिवों के साथ उसकी बैठक के लिए एक एजेंडा आइटम के रूप में नए आईआईटी और अन्य संस्थानों के लिए बुनियादी सुविधाओं की आवश्यकताओं को सूचीबद्ध किया गया।
तकनीकी शिक्षा पर बड़े पैमाने पर खर्च सरकार के अगले और बाद के बजट में उम्मीद की जा सकती है। औसतन एक आईआईटी की स्थापना 1,750 करोड़ रुपये और एक आईआईएम और केन्द्रीय विश्वविद्यालय की जरूरत 1,000 करोड़ रुपये प्रत्येक की लागत। यह राज्य सरकारों को हासिल करने और मुक्त करने के केंद्र सरकार को सौंपने के लिए है कि भूमि की लागत शामिल नहीं है। परियोजनाओं चल मिल समय से आगे की लागत में वृद्धि नहीं होगी। सरकार के पहले बजट में एक जाना नए आईआईटी / आईआईएम के लिए प्रदान करते हैं या हर साल कुछ राज्यों तक ले जाएगा, तो यह देखने की बात है।
पहले से ही जगह में 16 आईआईटी संस्थानों के साथ, अगले कुछ वर्षों के लिए उन्हें जम्मू-कश्मीर, हरियाणा, सीमांध्र, गोवा, कर्नाटक, केरल, छत्तीसगढ़ और उत्तर-पूर्वी राज्यों की तरह राज्यों में आ रहा है देखेंगे। प्रत्येक उत्तर-पूर्वी राज्य में आईआईटी हो जाएगा अगर यह देखने की बात है या इन राज्यों में एक साथ clubbed रहे हैं। उत्तर-पूर्व में केंद्रीय विश्वविद्यालयों के अनुभव से शिक्षकों और छात्रों को आकर्षित करने के लिए एक कठिन काम है कि दिखाया गया है। आपरेशन में 16 आईआईटी मुंबई, दिल्ली, कानपुर, खड़गपुर, चेन्नई, गुवाहाटी, रुड़की, हैदराबाद, पटना, भुवनेश्वर, रोपड़, जोधपुर, गांधीनगर, इंदौर, मंडी और वाराणसी में हैं।
नए आईआईएम जम्मू-कश्मीर, गोवा, हिमाचल प्रदेश, पंजाब, महाराष्ट्र, सीमांध्र, तेलंगाना, दिल्ली, उड़ीसा और मेघालय के अलावा अन्य उत्तर-पूर्वी राज्यों में ऊपर आ जाएगा। 13 आईआईएम अहमदाबाद, कोलकाता, बेंगलुरू, लखनऊ, इंदौर, कोझिकोड, शिलांग, रोहतक, रायपुर, रांची, तिरुचिरापल्ली, काशीपुर और उदयपुर में अब कर रहे हैं। प्रधानमंत्री नरेंद्र मोदी के निर्वाचन क्षेत्र वाराणसी पहले से ही एक आईआईटी का दावा करती है। वास्तव में, दो आईआईटी और आईआईएम है।

by Rohit

india smart city

Smart Cities: Shaping India’s Future, Smart City Concept In India

14/01/2016 in Development

Mahatma Gandhi was asked in 1946 to describe the independent India he wished to see. He said he wanted “not a pyramid but an oceanic circle” of complete equality.

It was his greatest desire that India should continue to support and uplift her agrarian economy and the millions who depended on it. True to his vision, India has grown by leaps and bounds in nearly the seven decades that have passed since then.

India’s Growth

From a global leader in the service sector to being recognized as one the world’s largest emerging industrial hubs; India has seen unprecedented migration stats in the last couple of decades. A record 91 million people shifted to Cities from 2001 to 2011.

The Challenges of Urbanisation

While this rapid urbanisation is needed to support India’s swiftly growing economy, it has also become a cause for concern. Urban centres are facing increasing security complexities and threats. Individual services working in isolation are not able to ensure a safe city. National and local governments are collectively responsible for ensuring different security services such as:

Counter Terrorism
Cyber Security
Organised Crime (curbing and prevention of)
Citizen Safety (especially for women and children)
Emergency Services (relating to man-made/natural disasters)
Technology Collaboration (to ensure effective implementation of Strategy)
Recent international enterprises like the UN Women’s Safe Cities Global Initiative shed light on how widespread and deep-rooted such problems are.

The need is therefore to plan and build cities that effectively deal with all these issues. But the government is incapable of doing all that alone and collaboration with the private sector is of paramount importance.

Smart Cities

There are many reasons why the concept of Smart Cities is latching onto the imaginations of emerging economies and developed economies alike. The most important of them are:

Seamless (and instantaneous) sharing of information
Less intrusive (no physical contact)
Short processing time/high reaction time

 

 

Source :NEC

by Rohit

RSRTC VOLVO BUSES

औसियां में रोडवेज बस संचालन

13/01/2016 in Transport

Q1 विधान सभा क्षेत्र औसियां में किन किन ग्राम पंचायतों में वर्तमान में रोडवेज की बस सेवा का संचालन नहीं किया जा रहा है । सूची सदन की मेज पर रखें ।
Q2 क्‍या सरकार उक्‍त ग्राम पंचायतों में रोडवेज बस सेवा का संचालन करने का विचार रखती है यदि हां, तो कब तक व नहीं, तो क्‍यों विवरण सदन की मेज पर रखें ।

A

1- विधान सभा क्षेत्र औसिया में वर्तमान में 65 ग्राम पंचायतों में रोडवेज बस सेवा का संचालन नहीं किया जा रहा है । जिसका विवरण परिशिष्‍ट ”1” पर संलग्‍न है ।

 

2- वर्तमान में निगम के पास सीमित संसाधनों एवं खराब वित्‍तीय स्थिति के कारण उक्‍त ग्राम पंचायतों में रोडवेज बस सेवा का फिलहाल संचालन किया जाना सम्‍भव नहीं है ।